Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Natural Community Classification for Illinois

From: J. White and M. H. Madany. 1978. Classification of natural communities in Illinois. Pages 310-405 (Appendix 30) in J. White, Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Technical Report. Volume 1: Survey Methods and Results. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory, Department of Landscape Architecture, University of Illinois at Urbana/Champaign.

 

FOREST

  • Upland Forest
    • Xeric upland forest
    • Dry upland forest
    • Dry-mesic upland forest
    • Mesic upland forest
    • Wet-mesic upland forest

     

  • Sand forest
    • Dry sand forest
    • Dry-mesic sand forest
    • Mesic sand forest

     

  • Floodplain forest
    • Mesic floodplain forest
    • Wet-mesic floodplain forest
    • Wet floodplain forest

     

  • Flatwoods
    • Northern flatwoods
    • Southern flatwoods
    • Sand flatwoods

 

PRAIRIE

     

  • Prairie (= blacksoil prairie)
    • Dry prairie
    • Dry-mesic prairie
    • Mesic prairie
    • Wet-mesic prairie
    • Wet prairie

     

  • Sand Prairie 
    • Dry sand prairie
    • Dry-mesic sand prairie
    • Mesic sand prairie
    • Wet-mesic sand prairie
    • Wet sand prairie

     

  • Gravel Prairie 
    • Dry gravel prairie
    • Dry-mesic gravel prairie
    • Mesic gravel prairie

     

  • Dolomite Prairie 
    • Dry dolomite prairie
    • Dry-mesic dolomite prairie
    • Mesic dolomite prairie
    • Wet-mesic dolomite prairie
    • Wet dolomite prairie

     

  • Hill Prairie 
    • Loess hill prairie
    • Glacial drift hill prairie
    • Gravel hill prairie
    • Sand hill prairie

     

  • Shrub Prairie 
    • Shrub prairie

 

SAVANNA

  • Savanna
    • Dry-mesic savanna
    • Mesic savanna

     

  • Sand Savanna
    • Dry sand savanna
    • Dry-mesic sand savanna

     

  • Barren
    • Dry barren
    • Dry-mesic barren
    • Mesic barren

 

WETLAND

  • Marsh
    • Marsh
    • Brackish marsh

     

  • Swamp
    • Swamp
    • Shrub swamp

     

  • Bog
    • Graminoid bog
    • Low shrub bog
    • Tall shrub bog
    • Forested bog

     

  • Fen
    • Calcareous floating mat
    • Graminoid fen
    • Low shrub fen
    • Tall shrub fen
    • Forested fen

     

  • Sedge Meadow
    • Sedge Meadow

     

  • Panne
    • Panne

     

  • Seep and Spring
    • Seep
    • Acid gravel seep
    • Calcareous seep
    • Sand seep
    • Spring community

 

LAKE AND POND

  • Pond
    • Pond

     

  • Lake
    • Lake
    • Great lake

 

STREAM

  • Creek
    • Low-gradient creek
    • Medium-gradient creek
    • High-gradient creek

     

  • River
    • Low-gradient river
    • Medium-gradient river
    • Major river

 

PRIMARY

  • Glade
    • Sandstone glade
    • Limestone glade
    • Shale glade

     

  • Cliff
    • Sandstone cliff community
    • Limestone cliff community
    • Dolomite cliff community
    • Sandstone overhang community
    • Eroding bluff community

     

  • Lake shore
    • Beach
    • Foredune

 

CAVE

  • Cave
    • Terrestrial cave community
    • Aquatic cave community

 

CULTURAL

  • Cropland
  • Pastureland
  • Successional field
  • Developed land
  • Tree plantation
  • Artificial pond
  • Artificial lake
  • Prairie restoration

< Types of Prairies



Illinois Natural History Survey

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Champaign, IL 61820
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cms@inhs.illinois.edu

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