Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud
Taxonomy

Synonyms:

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

  • Magnoliophyta

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
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Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

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F
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M
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A
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M
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J
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J
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A
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S
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O
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N
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D
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Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Dicot-woody, perennial

Roots: primary

Shoots: alternate leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; entire leaf margin; Palmate leaf venation; orbicular and peltate leaf shape

Inflorescence: umbel

Flowers: perfect; 5 merous; complete, irregular; red; perigynous ovary position

Fruit: legume

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Species is distributed in rich woods; ravines; sunny locations.

ILPIN Notes: Seed company numbers: 2, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 25, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32. Flowers and young fruits are edible. This is including F. glabrifolia L. Flowers are in umbel-like clusters from previous years growth appearing before leaves. Form - bare root balled & burlapped, seedlings, seeds.

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] : yes
  • Showy Flowers: high

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value: small non-game bird: good
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 3
  • Chicago Area: 10

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