Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Baptisia leucophaea
Longbract wild indigo, Cream wild indigo
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Baptisia leucophaea var. glabrescens, Baptisia bracteata var. glabrescens, Baptisia bracteata var. bracteata, Baptisia leucophaea glabrescens, Baptisia bracteata, Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

  • Magnoliophyta

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
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Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

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Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Dicot-herb, perennial

Roots: primary, adventitious, rhizomes

Shoots: alternate leaf arrangment; compound, trifoliate leaf type; entire leaf margin; Pinnate leaf venation; ovate leaf shape

Inflorescence: raceme

Flowers: perfect; 5 merous; complete, irregular; white; perigynous ovary position

Fruit: legume

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Species is distributed in rocky open woods.

ILPIN Notes: Haddock, R. C., and S. J. Chaplin. 1982. Pollination and seed production in two phenologically divergent prairie legumes (Baptisia leucophaea and B. leucantha). American Midland Naturalist 108: 175-186. may be part of B. bracteata glabrescens persistent foliaceous bracts; pubescent stems and leaves Species has persistent foliaceous bracts; glabrous stems and leaves. Species is found in west-central Illinois.

Functional Relationships:

  • Pollinators insects (insect, bee)

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] :
  • Showy Flowers: high

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 9
  • Chicago Area: 10

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