Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Pinus sylvestris
Scotch pine
Taxonomy

Synonyms:

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
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Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

J
0
F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
0
D
0

Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Europe

Species Description

General: Conifer, perennial

Roots: primary

Shoots: simple leaf type; entire leaf margin; needle-shaped leaf shape

Inflorescence: no

Flowers: unisexual, monoecious

Fruit: no

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat:

ILPIN Notes: Needles are in 2's, short, stiff, gray-green cones are short-ovoid to oblong, often curved; larger branches are orange brown. Species is occasionally encountered as an introduction. Species is resistant to city smoke; tolerant to soil conditions and moisture extremes. Cones mature in second autumn. Trees are sold as Christmas trees.

Functional Relationships:

  • Pollinators insects (wind)

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] :
  • Showy Flowers:

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value: small non-game bird: good; small mammals: good

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State:
  • Chicago Area:

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