Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Euphorbia polygonifolia
Seaside spurge
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Euphorbia polygonifolia, Chamaesyce polygonifolia

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
View all images. View all at PhytoImages.
Species Distribution
If map does not appear refresh browser Refresh
Click map to view & download detailed occurrence records

County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

J
0
F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
0
D
0

Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: State Endangered

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Dicot-herb, annual

Roots: primary

Shoots: opposite leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; entire leaf margin; awl-shaped, linear leaf shape

Inflorescence: solitary, other

Flowers: unisexual, monoecious; incomplete, not petals, not sepals; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: capsule

Physiology: autotrophic; C4 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Beach sands and gravels; found very rarely farther inland with Andropogon scoparius

ILPIN Notes: Flowers arranged in cyathia

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] :
  • Showy Flowers:

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 10
  • Chicago Area: 10

Post a Comment or Question About this Plant
Name

Email address (required)

Comment? Question? 300 word limit (required)




Enter the text code above (required)

Note: All submissions are moderated and only some are posted. Posted comments may be edited for length. An email address will not be posted, but it is required for communication with the site moderator. Comments focused outside of Illinois and neighboring states may be posted, but more attention will be given to Illinois centered information. Thanks for your interest.