Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Aralia hispida
Bristly sarsaparilla
Taxonomy

Synonyms:

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
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Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

J
0
F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
0
D
0

Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: Extinct

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Dicot-herb, perennial

Roots: adventitious, rhizomes

Shoots: alternate leaf arrangment; compound, pinnately leaf type; serrate leaf margin; Pinnate leaf venation; linear, oblong, lanceolate leaf shape

Inflorescence: umbel

Flowers: perfect; 5 merous; complete, regular; green, white; epigynous ovary position

Fruit: berry

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Open woods; sterile soil; found in a recently burned area.

ILPIN Notes: Thomson, J. D., M. A. McKenna, and M. B. Cruzan. 1989. Temporal patterns of nectar and pollen production in Aralia hispida: implications for reproductive success. Ecology 70: 1061-1068. Sharply bristled near base; leaves twice pinnate, several umbels in a terminal inflorescence. Southern range limit.

Functional Relationships:

  • Pollinators insects (insect, bee)

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] :
  • Showy Flowers:

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 10
  • Chicago Area: 10

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