Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Solanum dulcamara
Pheasant berry
Taxonomy

Synonyms:

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
View all images. View all at PhytoImages.
Species Distribution
If map does not appear refresh browser Refresh
Click map to view & download detailed occurrence records

County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collections, Observations & Flowering by Month [?]

J
0
F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
0
D
0

Collections & Observations by Decade [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Europe

Species Description

General: Dicot-woody, perennial

Roots: primary, adventitious, fibrous

Shoots: alternate leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; entire, lobed (pinnately) leaf margin; Pinnate leaf venation; lanceolate leaf shape

Inflorescence: dichasium

Flowers: perfect; 5 merous; complete, regular; blue, violet; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: berry

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Reproduction: sexual, vegetative

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Species is distributed in poor soils; swales; shallow water; gulleys; brush or rock piles; waste areas; clearings; open woods; yards; gardens.

ILPIN Notes: Regarding weediness, it may be economic or colonizing. Form - roots planted in spring or fall. Species is partly woody. Species is common to occasional in southern half. Marshbirds and shorebirds eat fruit as food; terrestrial furbearers eat fruits for food. This is including var. villosissimum Desv. and F. albiflorum House. Seed company no. 1 and 11.

Functional Relationships:

  • Pollinators:
  • Dispersal:
  • Mycorrhizae:
  • N2 fixation:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] : poisonous
  • Showy Flowers: low

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State:
  • Chicago Area:

Post a Comment or Question About this Plant
Name

Email address (required)

Comment? Question? 300 word limit (required)




Enter the text code above (required)

Note: All submissions are moderated and only some are posted. Posted comments may be edited for length. An email address will not be posted, but it is required for communication with the site moderator. Comments focused outside of Illinois and neighboring states may be posted, but more attention will be given to Illinois centered information. Thanks for your interest.