Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Phlox pilosa ssp. sangamonensis
Sangamon phlox
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Phlox pilosa sangamonensis

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

  • Magnoliophyta
    • Magnoliopsida

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
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Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

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Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: State Endangered

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Dicot-herb, perennial

Roots: primary

Shoots: opposite leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; entire leaf margin; Pinnate leaf venation; awl-shaped, oblong, lanceolate leaf shape

Inflorescence: dichasium

Flowers: perfect; 5 merous; complete, regular; red, violet; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: capsule

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Abandoned fields, prairie remnants, roadsides, and woodland borders (Levin & Smith, 1965).

ILPIN Notes: Vicinity of the Sangamon River where it flows through Champaign and Piatt counties (Levin & Smith, 1965). Leaves glabrous or nearly so Levin, D. A., and D. M. Smith. 1965. An enigmatic Phlox from Illinois. Brittonia 17: 254-266. Grant, V., and K. A. Grant. 1965. Flower pollination in the Phlox family. Columbia University Press, New York and London. 180 pp. Wilson, K. A. 1960. The genera of Hydrophyllaceae and Polemoniaceae in the southeastern United States. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 41: 197-212.

Functional Relationships:

  • Pollinators insects (insect, moth, butterfly)

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] :
  • Showy Flowers: high

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 7
  • Chicago Area:

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