Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Pedicularis lanceolata
Swamp wood betony
Taxonomy

Synonyms:

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

J
0
F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
0
D
0

Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Dicot-herb, perennial

Roots: primary

Shoots: opposite leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; crenate, lobed (pinnately), parted (pinnately) leaf margin; Pinnate leaf venation; oblong leaf shape

Inflorescence: spike

Flowers: perfect; complete, irregular; yellow; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: capsule

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Found in wet meadows and other poorly drained areas.

ILPIN Notes: Leaves pinnately lobed less than half way to the midvein. Lackney, V. K. 1981. The parasitism of Pedicularis lanceolata Michx., a root hemiparasite. Torrey Botanical Club Bulletin 108: 422-429. Macior, L. W. 1969. Pollination adaption in Pedicularis lanceolata. American Journal of Botany 56: 853-859. Uncommon in the southern half of the state. Plant relies on a host for an increased supply of water and minerals but produces its own carbohydrates through photosynthesis (Lackney, 1981).

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] : yes-qualified
  • Showy Flowers: high

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 9
  • Chicago Area: 9

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