Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Melampyrum lineare var. latifolium
Cow wheat
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Melampyrum lineare latifolium

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
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Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

J
0
F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
0
D
0

Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: Extinct

Notes:Ebinger et al. describe, "Cow-wheat is native to southeastern Canada, adjacent northeastern United states, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to Georgia. Jones and Fuller (1955) and Mohlenbrock 2002a) reported this species from Cook County where t was first collected in 1873 [Evanston 1873], and most recently in 1952 [1952 Swink]. This taxon was seen at Shabbona Woods during the llinois Natural Areas Inventory (White 1978) but was not found during a search in 1988 (Bowles et al. 1991)."

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Dicot-herb, annual

Roots: primary

Shoots: opposite leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; entire leaf margin; Pinnate leaf venation; oblong, lanceolate leaf shape

Inflorescence: solitary

Flowers: perfect; 5 merous; complete, irregular; yellow, white; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: capsule

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Shaded habitats

ILPIN Notes: doesn't cause hayfever

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] :
  • Showy Flowers: medium

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 10
  • Chicago Area: 10

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