Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Celtis tenuifolia
Dwarf hackberry
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Celtis pumila, Celtis tenuifolia georgiana, Celtis pumila var. georgiana, Celtis tenuifolia var. georgiana

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

  • Magnoliophyta

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

J
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F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
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D
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Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Dicot-woody, perennial

Roots: primary

Shoots: alternate leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; entire, serrate leaf margin; Pinnate leaf venation; lanceolate, orbicular and peltate, reniform leaf shape

Inflorescence: other

Flowers: perfect, unisexual, monoecious; incomplete, not petals; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: drupe

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Found in rocky, open woods, along borders of glades and bluffs. Found in rocky, open woods. Found in rocky, open woods.

ILPIN Notes: Flowers in fascicles. Leaves more or less smooth on upper surface, membranous. Rounded, asymmetrical leaf base. Petioles glabrous. Drupes orange, red, or brown. Polygamous-perfect and unisexual on same tree. Polygamous-perfect and unisexual on same tree. Polygamous-perfect and unisexual on same tree. Polygamous-perfect and unisexual on same tree. Flowers in fascicles. Leaves harshly scabrous on the upper surface, leathery, round at a symmetrical base. Petioles densely pubescent. Drupes red, orange, or brown. Flowers in fascicles. Leaves harshly scabrous on the upper surface, leathery, round at a symmetrical base. Petioles densely pubescent. Drupes red, orange, or brown. or brown. Flowers in fascicles. Leaves harshly scabrous on the upper surface, leathery, round at a symmetrical base. Petioles densely pubescent. Drupes red, orange, or brown.

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] :
  • Showy Flowers: low

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value: small non-game bird: good

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 7
  • Chicago Area: 10

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