Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Hordeum jubatum
Squirrel-tail
Taxonomy

Synonyms:

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
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Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

J
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F
0
M
0
A
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M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
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D
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Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Monocot, perennial

Roots: adventitious, fibrous

Shoots: alternate leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; entire leaf margin; Parallel leaf venation; awl-shaped leaf shape

Inflorescence: spike

Flowers: perfect, other; 3 merous; complete; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: grain

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Species is distributed along highways, in weedy habitats. It is also found along railroads, tolerant of salinity and silting (as along highways).

ILPIN Notes: Lateral spikelets are pedicellate and of only awns. Hitchcock, A.S. 1950. A Manual of the Grasses of the United States. United States Government Printing Office. Washington, D.C. 1051 pp. Species is densely tufted. It has long-awned spikelets which make this "one of the most attractive grasses in Illinois. Young inflorescences sometimes are a beautiful rose-purple. This is a troublesome weed, especially in irrigated meadows.

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] : yes
  • Showy Flowers:

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State:
  • Chicago Area:

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