Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Danthonia spicata
Poverty oat grass
Taxonomy

Synonyms:

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

  • Magnoliophyta
    • Liliopsida

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
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Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

J
0
F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
0
D
0

Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Monocot, perennial

Roots: adventitious, fibrous

Shoots: alternate leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; entire leaf margin; Parallel leaf venation; awl-shaped leaf shape

Inflorescence: panicle

Flowers: perfect, none; 3 merous; complete; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: grain

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Often abundant in overgrazed pasture (Dore & McNeill, 1980).

ILPIN Notes: This species produces both normal and cleistogamous flowers (Dore & McNeill, 1980). Densely cespitose; basal leaves curling upon drying, often involute. Glumes equaling or exceeding the lemmas; lemmas rounded on the back, pubescent, with two apical teeth, with an awn arising from between the teeth, the awn basally coiled. Dore, W. G., and J. McNeill. 1980. Grasses of Ontario. Canadian Government Publishing Centre. Hull, Quebec, Canada. 566 pp.

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] :
  • Showy Flowers:

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 3
  • Chicago Area: 3

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