Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Veratrum virginicum
Bunch flower
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Melanthium virginicum

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

J
0
F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
0
D
0

Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: State threatened

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Monocot, perennial

Roots: adventitious, rhizomes

Shoots: simple leaf type; entire leaf margin; Parallel leaf venation; awl-shaped, linear, oblong leaf shape

Inflorescence: panicle

Flowers: perfect, unisexual; 3 merous; complete, regular; green, violet, white, others; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: capsule

Physiology: autotrophic

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Species is distributed in wet meadows and on wet ground below bluffs.

ILPIN Notes: Species is occasional in West Central counties; rare in southwestern counties; absent elsewhere. Muenscher, W.C.L. 1939. Poisonous Plants of the United States. The Macmillan Co. N.Y., N.Y. 266 pp. Pammel, L.H. 1911. A Manual of Poisonous Plants. Torch Press. Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 977 pp. Flowers are polygamous; lower ones are perfect, upper ones are staminate or with an abortive pistil. Species has been used as an insecticide.

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] :
  • Showy Flowers:

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 10
  • Chicago Area: 10

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