Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Polygonatum biflorum
Small solomon seal, Great solomon seal, Smooth solomon's seal, King solomon's-seal
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Polygonatum cobrense, Polygonatum biflorum var. biflorum, Convallaria biflora, Polygonatum commutatum, Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
View all images. View all at PhytoImages.
Species Distribution
If map does not appear refresh browser Refresh
Click map to view & download detailed occurrence records

County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

J
0
F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
0
D
0

Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Monocot, perennial

Roots: adventitious, rhizomes

Shoots: alternate leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; entire leaf margin; Parallel leaf venation; oblong leaf shape

Inflorescence: other

Flowers: perfect; 3 merous; complete, regular; green, white; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: berry

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Species is distributed in rich low woods and wooded slopes. Species is distributed in woods.

ILPIN Notes: Roots have large circular scars on "seals." Hardin, J.W. and Jim Arena. 1969. Human Poisoning From Native and Cultivated Plants. Duke University Press, N.C. 167 pp. If roots are gathered, make sure they are not confused with those of Podophyllum, which lack the circular scars; Harden & Arena imply that edibility is uncertain. Species is restricted to southern tip of Illinois. Hardin, J.W. and Jim Arena. 1969. Human Poisoning from Native and Cultivated Plants. Duke University Press, N.C. 167 pp. Hardin, J.W. and Jim Arena. 1969. Human Poisoning from Native and Hardin, J.W. and Jim Arena. 1969. Human Poisoning from Native and Cultivated Plants. Duke University Press, N.C. 167 pp. Cultivated Plants. Duke University Press, N.C. 167 pp. If rootstocks are collected, make sure they have large circular scars; do not confuse with Podophyllum roots; Hardin & Arena imply that edibility is uncertain. If rootstocks are collected, make sure they have large circular scars; do not confuse with Podophyllum roots; Hardin & Arena imply that edibility is uncertain.

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] : yes
  • Showy Flowers:

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 7
  • Chicago Area:

Post a Comment or Question About this Plant
Name

Email address (required)

Comment? Question? 300 word limit (required)




Enter the text code above (required)

Note: All submissions are moderated and only some are posted. Posted comments may be edited for length. An email address will not be posted, but it is required for communication with the site moderator. Comments focused outside of Illinois and neighboring states may be posted, but more attention will be given to Illinois centered information. Thanks for your interest.