Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Iris brevicaulis
Short-stemmed iris
Taxonomy

Synonyms:

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

  • Magnoliophyta

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Species Distribution
If map does not appear refresh browser Refresh
Click map to view & download detailed occurrence records

County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

J
0
F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
0
D
0

Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Monocot, perennial

Roots: adventitious, rhizomes

Shoots: alternate leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; entire leaf margin; Parallel leaf venation; awl-shaped, linear, oblong leaf shape

Inflorescence: solitary

Flowers: perfect; 3 merous; complete, regular; violet; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: capsule

Physiology: autotrophic

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Species is distributed in wet meadows, open woodlands - in sunlight or shade; woodland habitats of low rich valley woods bordering sloughs or streams, or base of wooded slopes in ravines.

ILPIN Notes: Seed company numbers: 1, 11. Flowers of this species are deeper blue or blue-purple than those of other native species in the state. Species use may be limited in Illinois. Species is probably poisonous with irritant in leaves or rootstocks, producing gastroenteritis (Resinoids - Stephens). Species is scattered in southern 2/3 of the state. Form - roots. Stephens, H.A. 1980. Poisonous Plants of the Central United States. Regent Press of Kansas. Lawrence, KA. 165 pp.

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] :
  • Showy Flowers:

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value: waterfowl: good; small non-game bird: good; aquatic species: good

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 9
  • Chicago Area:

Post a Comment or Question About this Plant
Name

Email address (required)

Comment? Question? 300 word limit (required)




Enter the text code above (required)

Note: All submissions are moderated and only some are posted. Posted comments may be edited for length. An email address will not be posted, but it is required for communication with the site moderator. Comments focused outside of Illinois and neighboring states may be posted, but more attention will be given to Illinois centered information. Thanks for your interest.