Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Smilax ecirrhata
Upright carrion flower
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Smilax ecirrata

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

  • Magnoliophyta
    • Liliopsida

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

J
0
F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
0
D
0

Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Monocot, perennial

Roots: adventitious, fibrous

Shoots: alternate leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; entire, other leaf margin; Other leaf venation; lanceolate, obovate, orbicular and peltate leaf shape

Inflorescence: umbel

Flowers: unisexual, dioecious; 3 merous; complete, regular; yellow, green; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: berry

Physiology: autotrophic

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Species is distributed in rich woods in ravines, at bluff bases; found in association with Acer saccharum, Fraxinus americana, Juglans nigra, Quercus rubra, Tilia americana, Ulmus americana.

ILPIN Notes: Specific epithet is also spelled "ecirrhata." Species is occasional in northern 1/2 of Illinois, uncommon in the southern counties. Stems are herbaceous, unarmed, ill-scented.

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] : yes
  • Showy Flowers:

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 5
  • Chicago Area: 5

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