Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Smilax tamnoides
Catbrier
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Smilax tamnoides hispida, Smilax hispida, Smilax tamnoides var. hispida

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Species Distribution
If map does not appear refresh browser Refresh
Click map to view & download detailed occurrence records

County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

J
0
F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
0
D
0

Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Monocot, perennial

Roots:

Shoots: alternate leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; entire, serrate, other leaf margin; Other leaf venation; lanceolate, orbicular and peltate, cordate, oblique leaf shape

Inflorescence: umbel

Flowers: unisexual, dioecious; 3 merous; complete, regular; yellow, green; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: berry

Physiology: autotrophic

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Species is distributed in low woods in valleys.

ILPIN Notes: Stems are woody, usually conspicuously thorny, leaves deciduous; species is minutely serrulate. Older stems are covered with numerous crowded spines, presenting a very bristly appearance.

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] :
  • Showy Flowers:

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 3
  • Chicago Area: 5

Post a Comment or Question About this Plant
Name

Email address (required)

Comment? Question? 300 word limit (required)




Enter the text code above (required)

Note: All submissions are moderated and only some are posted. Posted comments may be edited for length. An email address will not be posted, but it is required for communication with the site moderator. Comments focused outside of Illinois and neighboring states may be posted, but more attention will be given to Illinois centered information. Thanks for your interest.