Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Malus coronaria
Narrow-leaved crab apple, Wild sweet crab apple
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Pyrus coronaria, Pyrus coronaria var. lancifolia, Malus coronaria dasycalyx

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

  • Magnoliophyta
    • Magnoliopsida

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

J
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F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
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D
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Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Dicot-woody, perennial

Roots: primary

Shoots: alternate leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; serrate leaf margin; Pinnate leaf venation

Inflorescence: umbel

Flowers: perfect; 5 merous; complete, regular; red, white; perigynous ovary position

Fruit: pome

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat:

ILPIN Notes: Species is found in southern Illinois. Form - whips, balled and burlapped. Species is less common in northern part of state. Seed company no.: 14, 33, 37, 39, 40, 45, 46, 48, 50, 52. Leaves are at least half as broad as long, sometimes with small lobes; anthers are red; fruit subglobose, greenish; flowers fading to white, smooth. Terrestrial furbearers eat fruit, bark for food. Fruit is edible. Terrestrial furbearers eat fruit and bark as food. Leaves are less than half as broad as long, not lobed; flowers fading to white.

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] : yes
  • Showy Flowers: high

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 5
  • Chicago Area: 4

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