Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Phylum Chordata

Class Mammalia

Order Didelphimorphia: Opossums

Family Didelphidae: Opossums

Didelphis virginiana Kerr, 1792 - Virginia opossum

Order Soricomorpha: Insectivores

Family Soricidae: Shrews

Sorex cinereus Kerr, 1792 - masked or cinereus shrew
Sorex longirostris Bachman, 1837 - southeastern shrew
Sorex hoyi Baird, 1857 - American pygmy shrew
Blarina brevicauda (Say, 1823) - northern short-tailed shrew
Blarina carolinensis (Bachman, 1837) - southern short-tailed shrew
Cryptotis parva (Say, 1823) - North American least shrew

Family Talpidae: Moles

Scalopus aquaticus (Linnaeus, 1758) - eastern mole

Order Chiroptera: Bats

Family Vespertilionidae: Vespertilionid bats

Myotis lucifugus (Le Conte, 1831) - little brown bat
Myotis sodalis Miller & Allen, 1928 - Indiana bat FE / SE
Myotis austroriparius (Rhoads, 1897) - southeastern myotis SE
Myotis grisescens A.H. Howell, 1909 - gray bat FE / SE
Myotis septentrionalis (Trouessart, 1897) - northern long-eared bat or northern myotis
Lasionycteris noctivagans (Le Conte, 1831) - silver-haired bat
Pipistrellus subflavus (F. Cuvier, 1832) - eastern pipistrelle
Eptesicus fuscus (Beauvois, 1796) - big brown bat
Lasiurus borealis (Mülller, 1776) - eastern red bat
Lasiurus cinereus (Palisot de Beauvois, 1796) - hoary bat
Nycticeius humeralis (Rafinesque, 1818) - evening bat
Corynorhinus rafinesquii (Lesson, 1827) - Rafinesque's big-eared bat SE

Order Cinqulata: Armadillos

Family Dasypodidae: Armadillos

Dasypus novemcinctus (Linnaeus, 1758) - nine-banded armadillo U

Order Lagomorpha: Lagomorphs

Family Leporidae: Rabbits and hares

Sylvilagus floridanus (J.A. Allen, 1890) - eastern cottontail
Sylvilagus aquaticus (Bachman, 1837) - swamp rabbit
Lepus townsendii Bachman, 1839 - white-tailed jackrabbit X

Order Rodentia: Rodents

Family Sciuridae: Squirrels

Tamias striatus (Linnaeus, 1758) - eastern chipmunk
Marmota monax (Linnaeus, 1758) - woodchuck
Spermophilus tridecemlineatus (Mitchill, 1821) - thirteen-lined ground squirrel
Spermophilus franklinii (Sabine, 1822) - Franklin's ground squirrel ST
Sciurus carolinensis Gmelin, 1788 - eastern gray squirrel
Sciurus niger Linnaeus, 1758 - eastern fox squirrel
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (Erxleben, 1777) - red squirrel
Glaucomys volans (Linnaeus, 1758) - southern flying squirrel

Family Geomyidae: Pocket gophers

Geomys bursarius (Shaw, 1800) - plains pocket gopher

Family Castoridae: Beavers

Castor canadensis Kuhl, 1820 - American beaver

Family Cricetidae: Rats, mice and voles

Oryzomys palustris (Harlan, 1837) - marsh rice rat ST
Reithrodontomys megalotis (Baird, 1858) - western harvest mouse
Peromyscus maniculatus (Wagner, 1845) - deer mouse
Peromyscus leucopus (Rafinesque, 1818) - white-footed mouse
Peromyscus gossypinus (Le Conte, 1853) - cotton mouse
Ochrotomys nuttalli (Harlan, 1832) - golden mouse ST
Neotoma floridana (Ord, 1818) - eastern woodrat SE

Microtus pennsylvanicus (Ord, 1815) - meadow vole
Microtus ochrogaster (Wagner, 1842) - prairie vole
Microtus pinetorum (Le Conte, 1830) - woodland vole
Ondatra zibethicus (Linnaeus, 1766) - muskrat
Synaptomys cooperi Baird, 1858 - southern bog lemming

Family Murinae: Old World rats and mice

Rattus norvegicus (Berkenhout, 1769) - Norway rat I
Mus musculus Linnaeus, 1758 - house mouse I

Family Dipodidae: Jumping mice

Zapus hudsonius (Zimmermann, 1780) - meadow jumping mouse

Family Erethizontidae

Erethizon dorsata (Linnaeus, 1758) - North American porcupine X

Order Carnivora: Carnivores

Family Canidae: Coyotes, wolves

Canis latrans Say, 1823 - coyote
Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 - wolf X, FT / ST
Vulpes vulpes (Linnaeus, 1758) - red fox
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Schreber, 1775) - gray fox

Family Procyonidae: Raccoons, ringtails

Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - raccoon

Family Mustelidae: Weasels, badgers, and allies

Mustela nivalis Linnaeus, 1766 - least weasel
Mustela frenata Lichtenstein, 1831 - long-tailed weasel
Neovison vison (Schreber, 1777) - American mink
Taxidea taxus (Schreber, 1777) - American badger
Martes pennanti (Erxleben, 1777) - fisher X
Martes americana (Turton, 1806) - American marten X
Lontra canadensis (Schreber, 1777) - North American river otter

Family Mephitidae: Skunks

Mephitis mephitis (Schreber, 1776) - striped skunk

Family Felidae: Cats

Lynx rufus (Schreber, 1777) - bobcat
Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) - cougar X

Family Ursidae: Bears

Ursus americanus Pallas, 1780 - American black bear X

Order Artiodactyla: Even-toed Ungulates

Family Cervidae: Deer and allies

Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmermann, 1780) - white-tailed deer
Cervus elaphus Linnaeus, 1758 - elk (wapiti) X

Family Bovidae: Bovids

Bison bison (Linnaeus, 1758) - American bison X


    FE = Federal Endangered
    FT = Federal Threatened
    X = Extirpated from Illinois
    SE = Illinois State Endangered
    ST = Illinois State Threatened
    I = Introduced (non-native)
    U = Status in Illinois Uncertain

 



Illinois Natural History Survey

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cms@inhs.illinois.edu

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