Kingdom - Animalia

Phylum - Arthropoda

Subdivision - Myriapoda

Orders - Chilopoda, Diplopoda, Pauropoda, Symphyla

Myriapods:

  • have segments attached end to end, not branching (uniramous).
  • typically have more than 8 legs.
  • indviduals add body segments and legs with each molt until they reach adult size.
  • are most often found in moist habitats, but there are species in deserts, grasslands and other habitats.
 

Basic Myriapod Taxonomy

 Chilopoda

Centipedes

  • 3,300 species
  • carnivores - eat other animals
  • one pair of legs per body segment
  • venomous
  • nocturnal

 centipede.png

 

 

Diplopoda

Millipedes

  • 8000 species
  • detritivores - eat dead or decaying material
  •  pairs of body segments fused - this makes it appear that each segment has two pairs of legs

millipede2.png

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pauropoda

Pauropodans

  • 700 species
  • small
  • soil dwelling

 pauropod.png

 

 

 

 

Symphyla

Symphylans 

  • 200 species 
  • mostly soil dwelling

symphylan.png