Kingdom - Animalia

Phylum - Chordata

Class - Mammalia

Order - Rodentia

Families in Illinois - Sciuridae, Geomyidae, Castoridae, Cricetidae, Murinae, Dipodidae, Erethizontidae

 

Rodents have:

  • a single pair of incisors on the upper and lower jaws
  • these incisors continue growing throughout their lives
  • no canine teeth

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Family Sciuridae: Squirrels

  • Tamias striatus  - eastern chipmunk
  • Marmota monax  - woodchuck
  • Ictidomys tridecemlineatus  - thirteen-lined ground squirrel
  • Poliocitellus franklinii  - Franklin's ground squirrel ST 
  • Sciurus carolinensis  - eastern gray squirrel
  • Sciurus niger  - eastern fox squirrel
  • Tamiasciurus hudsonicus  - red squirrel
  • Glaucomys volans  - southern flying squirrel

Family Geomyidae: Pocket gophers

  • Geomys bursarius - plains pocket gopher

Family Castoridae: Beavers

  • Castor canadensis - American beaver

Family Cricetidae: Rats, mice and voles

  • Oryzomys palustris  - marsh rice rat ST
  • Reithrodontomys megalotis  - western harvest mouse
  • Peromyscus maniculatus - deer mouse
  • Peromyscus leucopus  - white-footed mouse
  • Peromyscus gossypinus  - cotton mouse
  • Ochrotomys nuttalli  - golden mouse ST
  • Neotoma floridana  - eastern woodrat SE
  • Microtus pennsylvanicus  - meadow vole
  • Microtus ochrogaster  - prairie vole
  • Microtus pinetorum  - woodland vole
  • Ondatra zibethicus  - muskrat
  • Synaptomys cooperi  - southern bog lemming

Family Murinae: Old World rats and mice

  • Rattus norvegicus  - Norway rat I
  • Mus musculus  - house mouse I

Family Dipodidae: Jumping mice

  • Zapus hudsonius  - meadow jumping mouse

Family Erethizontidae

  • Erethizon dorsata  - North American porcupine X