Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

The Tallgrass Prairie in Illinois

Images of Prairie Plants — Genera Beginning with the Letter "G"

 

  • Gentiana alba or Gentiana flavida (yellow gentian) [Gentianaceae, Gentian Family]

     

  • Gentiana andrewsii (closed or bottle gentian) [Gentianaceae, Gentian Family]
    • habit of plant in flower; cultivated, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis
    • inflorescence; Braidwood Dunes and Savanna Nature Preserve, Will County, Illinois
    • corolla split open; in this species the corolla lobes are flat across the top and shorter than the appendages (plaits) between them [contrast with Gentiana saponaria]; west of Easton, Mason County, Illinois
    • seeds
    • Click here for a distribution map in Illinois from the Illinois Plant Information Network

     

  • Gentiana or Gentianopsis crinata (fringed gentian) [Gentianaceae, Gentian Family]

     

  • Gentiana procera or Gentianopsis procera (small fringed gentian) [Gentianaceae, Gentian Family]

     

  • Gentiana puberulenta (downy gentian) [Gentianaceae, Gentian Family]

     

  • Gentiana or Gentianella quinquefolia (stiff gentian) [Gentianaceae, Gentian Family]

     

  • Gentiana saponaria (soapwort bottle gentian) [Gentianaceae, Gentian Family] — in Illinois, this plant is much less common than Gentiana andrewsii and is found mostly in moist sand savannas
    • habit of plant in flower; south of Bonnie's Prairie Nature Preserve, Iroquois County, Illinois
    • inflorescences; Braidwood Dunes and Savanna Nature Preserve, Will County, Illinois
    • macro of inflorescence; south of Bonnie's Prairie Nature Preserve, Iroquois County, Illinois
    • corolla split open; note that the corolla lobes are rounded and equal or exceed the length of the appendages (plaits) between them [contrast with Gentiana andrewsil] South of Bonnie's Prairie Nature Preserve, Iroquois County, Illinois
    • Click here for a distribution map in Illinois from the Illinois Plant Information Network

     

  • Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) [Geraniaceae, Geranium Family] — not a prairie plant, but a spring woodland wildflower, sometimes also found in savannas

     

  • Geum canadense (white or wood avens) [Rosaceae, Rose Family] — a woodland rather than a prairie plant — compare the fruits of this species with those of Geum triflorum. In G. canadense the achese has a persistent style that is hooked in order to attach itself to the fur of passing animals (or the pants legs of hikers!). 

     

  • Geum triflorum (prairie smoke) [Rosaceae, Rose Family]

     

  • Glandularia canadensis or Verbena canadensis (rose verbena) [Verbenaceae, Vervain Family]

     

  • Gnaphalium or Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium (sweet everlasting or old-field balsam) [Asteraceae or Compositae, Sunflower Family]

     

     


    Alphabetical by Genus: 
    A  B  C  D  E  F G  H  I  J  K  L M  N  O P  Q  R S  T  U V  W  X Y  Z 


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  • Created November 1997; updated 25 October 2004


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