Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

List of Vascular Plants Found at the Savanna Army Depot

Kenneth R. Robertson, Loy R. Phillippe, Geoffey A. Levin, and Michael J. Moore

Center for Biodiversity
Illinois Natural History Survey
607 East Peabody Drive
Champaign, IL 61820 USA

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Genera beginning with Q - Z are given below.

Go to A - D

Go to E - P

 


Annotated List of Vascular Plants at the Savanna Army Depot. Arranged alphabetically by scientific name. This list includes only species we observed during 1996, except for Polygala verticillata, which was collected in 1993 and Orobanche fasciculata (Orobanchaceae), which was last collected at the Depot in 1908 although suitable habitat is still extant. Under "Scientific Names", the authorities are omitted for brevity; they are included on the voucher specimens cited in Table 2. Under "E/T", E = State Endangered, T = State Threatened, FCC = former Federal Candidate Category 2, ND = Newly Discovered in Illinois and likely to qualify for listing as a state endangered species.

 

   

Scientific Name 

 

Scientific Name 

Common Name  Family  Native or Introduced  Frequency and Habitat  E/T

Quercus alba  White Oak  Fagaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest  -- 
Quercus macrocarpa  Bur Oak  Fagaceae  native  Frequent in sand forest and wet-mesic floodplain forest -- 
Quercus muehlenbergii  Chinquapin Oak  Fagaceae  native  Rare in sand savanna  -- 
Quercus palustris  Pin Oak  Fagaceae  native  Occasional in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Quercus rubra  Northern Red Oak  Fagaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest  -- 
Quercus velutina  Black Oak  Fagaceae  native  Abundant in sand forest and sand savanna. Infrequent in sand prairie  -- 
Ranunculus abortivus  Small-flowered Buttercup  Ranunculaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest  -- 
Ranunculus fascicularis  Early Buttercup  Ranunculaceae  native  Infrequent in sand prairie  -- 
Ranunculus hispidus var.nitidus  Rough Buttercup  Ranunculaceae  native  Occasional in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Ranunculus pensylvanicus  Bristly Crowfoot  Ranunculaceae  native  Rare in natural sand pond  -- 
Ratibida pinnata  Yellow Coneflower  Asteraceae  native  Rare in succesional field  -- 
Rhamnus cathartica  Common Buckthorn  Rhamnaceae  introduced  Occasional in sand forest and wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Rhus aromatica var. arenaria  Sand Fragrant Sumac Anacardiaceae  native  Frequent in sand prairie, sand savanna; infrequent in sand forest  -- 
Rhus aromatica var.aromatica  Fragrant Sumac  Anacardiaceae  native  Rare in sand savanna  -- 
Rhus glabra  Smooth Sumac  Anacardiaceae  native  Occasional in edge between sand forest and sand prairie  -- 
Ribes missouriense  Missouri Gooseberry  Saxifragaceae  native  Frequent in sand forest and occasional in sand savanna  -- 
Robinia pseudoacacia  Black Locust  Fabaceae  introduced  Frequent in sand forest and sand savanna  -- 
Rorippa sessiliflora  Sessile-flowered Yellow Cress  Brassicaceae  native  Infrequent in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Rorippa sylvestris  Creeping Yellow Cress  Brassicaceae  introduced  Occasional in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Rosa carolina  Pasture Rose  Rosaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest, sand prairie, and sand savanna  -- 
Rosa multiflora  Multiflora Rose  Rosaceae  introduced  Occasional in sand forest and sand savanna  -- 
Rosa suffulta  Dwarf Prairie-rose  Rosaceae  native  Infrequent in margin of wet-mesic floodplain forest and sand forest  -- 
Rotala ramosior  Wheelwort  Lythraceae  native  Infrequent in wet-mesic bottomland forest  -- 
Rubus allegheniensis  Common Blackberry  Rosaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest  -- 
Rubus argutus  Blackberry  Rosaceae  native  Occasional in sand prairie  -- 
Rubus flagellaris  Common Dewberry  Rosaceae  native  Occasional to frequent in sand forest and sand savanna  -- 
Rubus occidentalis  Black Raspberry  Rosaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest and sand savanna  -- 
Rudbeckia hirta  Blackeyed Susan  Asteraceae  native  Infrequent in sand prairie  -- 
Rudbeckia laciniata  Cutleaf Coneflower  Asteraceae  native  Occasional in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Rudbeckia triloba  Three-lobed Coneflower  Asteraceae  native  Occasional in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Ruellia humilis  Wild Petunia  Acanthaceae  native  Infrequent in sand savanna  -- 
Rumex acetosella  Sour Dock  Polygonaceae  introduced  Frequent in sand prairie and sand savanna  -- 
Rumex altissimus  Pale Dock  Polygonaceae  native  Infrequent in developed land  -- 
Rumex crispus  Curly Dock  Polygonaceae  introduced  Occasional in edge of pond and wet-mesic bottomland forest  -- 
Rumex verticillatus  Swamp Dock  Polygonaceae  native  Infrequent in wet-mesic bottomland forest  -- 
Sagittaria latifolia  Common Arrow-head  Alismataceae  native  Occasional in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Salix amygdaloides  Peach-leaved Willow  Salicaceae  native  Occasional along oxbow lake  -- 
Salix eriocephala  Heart-leaved Willow  Salicaceae  native  Occasional in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Salix exigua  Sandbar Willow  Salicaceae  native  Occasional in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Salix nigra  Black Willow  Salicaceae  native  Occasional in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Salsola collina  Katune  Chenopodiaceae  native  Infrequent in sand prairie; occasional in developed land  -- 
Salvia azurea subsp.pitcheri  Blue Sage  Lamiaceae  native  Locally Frequent in sand prairie and margin of sand savanna 
Salvia azurea subsp.pitcheri f. alba  White-flowered form of Blue Sage  Lamiaceae  native  Rare in sand prairie and margin of sand savanna  (T) 
Sambucus canadensis  Elderberry  Caprifoliaceae  native  Infrequent in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Sanguinaria canadensis  Bloodroot  Papaveraceae  native  Infrequent in sand forest  -- 
Sanicula canadensis  Canadian Black Snakeroot  Apiaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest  -- 
Sanicula odorata  Snakeroot  Apiaceae  native  Frequent in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Saponaria officinalis  Bouncing Bet  Caryophyllaceae  introduced  Occasional in sand forest, sand prairie, and sand savanna  -- 
Schizachyrium scoparium  Little Bluestem  Poaceae  native  Abundant in sand prairie and sand savanna  -- 
Scirpus atrovirens  Dark Green Rush  Cyperaceae  native  Occasional in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Scirpus cyperinus  Bulrush  Cyperaceae  native  Infrequent in wet-mesic bottomland forest  -- 
Scirpus fluviatilis  River Bulrush  Cyperaceae  native  Infrequent in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Scrophularia lanceolata  Early Figwort  Scrophulariaceae native  Occasional in sand forest and sand savanna  -- 
Scutellaria lateriflora  Mad-dog Skullcap  Lamiaceae  native  Occasional in wet-mesic bottomland forest  -- 
Scutellaria ovata var.versicolor  Heart-leaved Skullcap  Lamiaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest and sand savanna  -- 
Scutellaria parvula var.leonardii  Small Skullcap  Lamiaceae  native  Occasional in sand prairie and sand savanna  -- 
Selaginella rupestris  Dwarf Spike-moss  Selaginellaceae  native  Frequent in sand prairie and sand savanna  -- 
Senecio plattensis  Prairie Groundsel  Asteraceae  native  Occasional in sand prairie, sand savanna, and sand forest  -- 
Setaria faberi  Nodding Foxtail  Poaceae  introduced  Infrequent in successional field  -- 
Setaria glauca  Yellow Foxtail  Poaceae  introduced  Infrequent in developed land and successional field  -- 
Setaria viridis  Green Foxtail  Poaceae  introduced  Infrequent in developed land  -- 
Sicyos angulatus  Bur-cucumber  Cucurbitaceae  native  Frequent in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Silene antirrhina  Sleepy Catchfly  Caryophyllaceae  native  Occasional in sand prairie and sand savanna  -- 
Silene cserei  Glaucous Campion  Caryophyllaceae  introduced  Infrequent in developed land and in sand prairie  -- 
Silene latifolia  White Campion  Caryophyllaceae  introduced  Occasional in developed land  -- 
Silene nivea  Snowy Campion  Caryophyllaceae  native  Occasional in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Silphium perfoliatum  Cup-plant  Asteraceae  native  Occasional in wer-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Sisymbrium altissimum  Tumble Mustard  Brassicaceae  introduced  Infrequent in developed land and sand prairie  -- 
Sisyrinchium campestre  Prairie Blue-eyed Grass  Iridaceae  native  Occasional in sand prairie and sand savanna  -- 
Smilacina stellata  Starry False Solomon's Seal  Liliaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest  -- 
Smilax hispida  Bristly Catbrier  Smilacaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest and wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Smilax lasioneuron  Carrion Flower  Smilacaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest  -- 
Solanum carolinense  Horse Nettle  Solanaceae  introduced  Infrequent in sand prairie  -- 
Solanum cornutum  Buffalo-burr  Solanaceae  introduced  Infrequent in pastureland  -- 
Solanum ptycanthum  Black Nightshade  Solanaceae  native  Infrequent in sand forest and sand savanna  -- 
Solidago canadensis  Common Goldenrod  Asteraceae  native  Occasional in successional fields and wet-mesic bottomland forest  -- 
Solidago gigantea  Smooth Goldenrod  Asteraceae  native  Frequent in wet-mesic bottomland forest  -- 
Solidago nemoralis  Field Goldenrod  Asteraceae  native  Occasional in sand forest; sand prairie, and sand savanna  -- 
Solidago rigida  Stiff Goldenrod  Asteraceae  native  Infrequent in mesic sand prairie  -- 
Solidago speciosa  Showy Goldenrod  Asteraceae  native  Occasional in sand prairie  -- 
Solidago ulmifolia  Elm-leaved Goldenrod  Asteraceae  native  Occasional in sand forest  -- 
Sorghastrum nutans  Indian Grass  Poaceae  native  Frequent in sand prairie and occasional in sand prairie  -- 
Sparganium eurycarpum Bur-reed  Sparganiaceae  native  Occasional in open wetland and along edge of Mississippi River  -- 
Spartina pectinata  Prairie Cordgrass  Poaceae  native  Rare in sand savanna; occasional along Mississippi River in wet-mesic bottomland forest  -- 
Spermolepis inermis  Scaleseed  Apiaceae  native?  Occasional in sand prairie and sand savanna  -- 
Sphenopholis obtusatavar. major  Prairie Wedge Grass  Poaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest  -- 
Sphenopholis obtusatavar. obtusata  Prairie Wedge Grass  Poaceae  native  Occasional in sand prairie  -- 
Spirodela polyrhiza  Greater Duckweed  Lemnaceae  native  Frequent on water of ponds and Mississippi river (aquatic)  -- 
Sporobolus asper  Tall Dropseed  Poaceae  native  Infrequent in sand prairie and successional field  -- 
Sporobolus clandestinus  Rough Dropseed  Poaceae  native  Occasional to frequent in developed land  -- 
Sporobolus cryptandrus  Sand Dropseed  Poaceae  native  Abundant in sand prairie and sand savanna  -- 
Sporobolus vaginiflorus  Poverty-grass  Poaceae  native  Occasional in developed land and infrequent in sand prairie  -- 
Stachys hispida  Hispid Hedge-nettle  Lamiaceae  native  Infrequent in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Stachys tenuifolia  Smooth Hedge Nettle Lamiaceae  native  Infrequent along edge of oxbow lake and in wet-mesic bottomland forest  -- 
Stipa spartea  Needlegrass  Poaceae  native  Occasional to frequent in sand prairie and sand savanna -- 
Strophostyles helvolavar. helvola  Trailing Wild Bean  Fabaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest, sand prairie, and sand savanna  -- 
Strophostyles helvolavar. missouriensis  Trailing Wild Bean  Fabaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest, sand prairie, and sand savanna  -- 
Strophostyles leiosperma Small Wild Bean  Fabaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest, sand prairie, and sand savanna  -- 
Syringa vulgaris  Common Lilac  Oleaceae  introduced  Infrequent in developed land  -- 
Talinum rugospermum  Fameflower  Portulacaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest, sand prairie, and sand savanna  FFC 
Taraxacum officinale  Dandelion  Asteraceae  introduced  Occasional in sand forest and wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Tephrosia virginiana  Goat's-rue  Fabaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest; Occasional to frequent in sand prairie and sand savanna  -- 
Teucrium canadense var.virginicum  Germander  Lamiaceae  native  Occasional along edge of oxbow lake and in wet-mesic bottomland forest  -- 
Thalictrum dasycarpum  Smooth Meadow Rue Ranunculaceae  native  Infrequent along oxbow lake and in wet-mesic bottomland forest  -- 
Thlaspi arvense  Penny Cress  Brassicaceae  introduced  Occasional in developed land  -- 
Tilia americana  Basswood  Tiliaceae  native  Infrequent in sand forest  -- 
Toxicodendron radicans  Poison Ivy  Anacardiaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest and sand savanna  -- 
Tradescantia ohiensis  Spiderwort  Commelinaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest, sand prairie and sand savanna  -- 
Tragopogon dubius  Sand Goat's-beard  Asteraceae  introduced  Infrequent in sand prairie  -- 
Trichostema brachiatum  False Pennyroyal  Lamiaceae  native  Occasional in developed land, sand prairie and sand savanna  -- 
Tridens flavus  Purpletop  Poaceae  native  Infrequent in developed land, sand prairie, successional fields, and wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Trifolium arvense  Rabbit-foot Clover  Fabaceae  introduced  Occasional in sand prairie and sand savanna  -- 
Trifolium campestre  Low Hop Clover  Fabaceae  introduced  Infrequent in developed land  -- 
Trifolium hybridum  Alsike Clover  Fabaceae  introduced  Occasional in open disturbed wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Trifolium pratense  Red Clover  Fabaceae  introduced  Occasional in developed land  -- 
Trifolium repens  White Clover  Fabaceae  introduced  Occasional in developed land  -- 
Triodanis perfoliata var perfoliata  Venus'-Looking Glass Campanulaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest, sand prairie, and sand savanna  -- 
Triplasis purpurea  Sand-grass  Poaceae  native  Occasional in sand prairie and sand savanna  -- 
Triticum aestivum  Wheat  Poaceae  introduced  Infrequent in sand prairie  -- 
Typha latifolia  Common Cat-tail  Typhaceae  native  Infrequent in open disturbed wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Ulmus americana  American Elm  Ulmaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest, sand savanna, sand prairie, and wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Ulmus pumila  Siberian Elm  Ulmaceae  introduced  Infrequent in sand prairie  -- 
Ulmus rubra  Slippery Elm  Ulmaceae  native  Infrequent in sand forest  -- 
Urtica dioica  Stinging Nettle  Urticaceae  native  Occasional in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Vallisneria americana  Water-celery  Hydrocharitaceae native  Occasional aquatic in Mississippi River  -- 
Verbascum blattaria  Moth Mullein  Scrophulariaceae introduced  Infrequent in sand prairie and sand savanna  -- 
Verbascum thapsus  Woolly Mullein  Scrophulariaceae introduced  Occasional in developed land, sand forest, sand prairie, and sand savanna  -- 
Verbena bracteata  Creeping Vervain  Verbenaceae  native  Occasional in developed land  -- 
Verbena hastata  Common Vervain  Verbenaceae  native  Occasional in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Verbena stricta f.albiflora  White Hoary Vervain  Verbenaceae  native  Rare in sand prairie  -- 
Verbena stricta f.roseiflora  Pink Hoary Vervain  Verbenaceae  native  Infrequent in sand prairie  -- 
Verbena stricta f. stricta  Hoary Vervain  Verbenaceae  native  Occasional to locally frequent in sand prairie and sand savanna  -- 
Verbena urticifolia  Hairy White Vervain  Verbenaceae  native  Occasional in dry mesic sand forest , sand savanna and wet-mesic bottomald forest  -- 
Vernonia fasciculata  Smooth Ironweed  Asteraceae  native  Occasional in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Veronica arvensis  Corn Speedwell  Scrophulariaceae introduced  Occasional in developed land and sand prairie  -- 
Veronica dillenii  Speedwell  Scrophulariaceae introduced  Frequent in developed land and occasional in sand prairie  new to IL 
Veronica peregrina  Purslane Speedwell  Scrophulariaceae native  Occasional in developed land  -- 
Viburnum lentago  Nannyberrry  Caprifoliaceae  native  Occasional in dry upland forest  -- 
Viburnum opulus  European Highbush Cranberry  Caprifoliaceae  introduced  Rare in sand forest  -- 
Vicia villosa  Hairy Vetch  Fabaceae  introduced  Occasional in sand prairie  -- 
Viola pedata  Bird's-foot Violet  Violaceae  native  Frequent in sand prairie; occasional in dry and sand savanna  -- 
Viola pranticola  Common Blue Violet  Violaceae  native  Occasional in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Viola pubescens var.eriocarpa  Yellow Violet  Violaceae  native  Occasional in sand forest  -- 
Viola rafinesquii  Johnny-jump-up  Violaceae  introduced  Infrequent in dry upland forest  -- 
Viola sororia  Woolly Blue Violet  Violaceae  native  Occasional in sand savanna  -- 
Vitis riparia  Riverbank Grape  Vitaceae  native  Occasional in wet-mesic floodplain forest  -- 
Vulpia octoflora  Six-weeks Fescue  Poaceae  native  Abundant in sand prairie and sand savanna  -- 
Wolffia columbiana  Water-meal  Lemnaceae  native  Frequent on water of ponds and Mississippi river (aquatic)  -- 
Woodsia obtusa  Blunt-lobed Cliff Fern Dryopteridaceae  native  Infrequent in sand forest  -- 
Zannichellia palustris  Horned Pondweed  Zannichelliaceae  native  Occasional in open pond  -- 
Zanthoxylum americanum  Prickly Ash  Rutaceae  native  Frequent in sand forest, sand savanna and occasional in sand prairie  -- 

 

 

 


 

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