Annotated Bibliography of Literature Useful for Identification of Leafhoppers and Related Cicadomorpha

Compiled by C. H. Dietrich, Feb. 13. 2006

  • Comparative Morphological Studies
  • Catalogues and Bibliographies
  • Guides to Genera and Species: By Region
  • Guides to Subfamilies, Tribes, Genera and Species: By Taxon
  • Other Relevant Literature
  • Click here to see a list of the most recently described leafhopper species (from Zoological Record)

    More literature at Tymbal website

    Even more literature at Dr. Metcalf site

    Return to Leafhopper Homepage

     


    Comparative Morphological Studies

    Blocker, H. D., and B. W. Triplehorn. 1985. External morphology of leafhoppers. Pp. 41-60. In, Nault, L. R., and J. G. Rodriguez (eds.). The Leafhoppers and Planthoppers. John Wiley & Sons, New York. [includes table of morphological terms and synonyms]

    Davis, R. B. 1975. Classification of selected higher categories of auchenorrhynchous Homoptera (Cicadellidae and Aetalionidae). USDA Tech. Bull. 1494: 1-52. [includes a comparative morphological study of leg chaetotaxy and female genitalia]

    Dmitriev, D. A. 2002. General morphology of leafhopper nymphs of the subfamily Deltocephalinae (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae). Acta Entomol. Slovenica 10: 65-82. [provides a comprehensive morphological terminology for leafhopper nymphs]

    Hamilton, K. G. A. 1981. Morphology and evolution of the rhynchotan head (Insecta: Hemiptera, Homoptera). Can. Entomol. 113: 953-974. [provides an alternative interpretation of head morphology, followed by only a few subsequent authors]

    Kramer, S. 1950. The morphology and phylogeny of auchenorhynchous [sic] Homoptera (Insecta). Illiniois Biol. Mon. 20: 1-111. [one of the most detailed comparative morphological studies of Auchenorrhyncha]

    Mejdalani, G. 1998. Morfologia externa dos Cicadellinae (Homoptera, Cicadellidae): comparação entre Versigonalia ruficauda (Walker) e Tretogonia cribrata Melichar (Proconiini), com notas sobre outras espécies e análise da terminologia. Rev. Bras. Zool. 15: 451-544. [includes a comprehensive treatment of morphological terminology; in Portuguese]

    Rakitov, R. A. 1998. On differentiation of cicadellid leg chaetotaxy (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Membracoidea). Russian Entomol. J. 6: 7-27. [provides the most detailed nomenclature for rows and groups of setae on the legs]

    Shcherbakov, D. Y. 1981. Diagnostics of the families of the Auchenorrhyncha (Homoptera) on the basis of the wings. I. Fore wing. Entomol. Rev. 60: 64-81. [the most complete treatment of wing venation; includes key to families based only on wing morphology; first of a two-part series of papers]

    Shcherbakov, D. Y. 1982. Diagnostics of the families of the Auchenorrhyncha (Homoptera) on the basis of the wings. II. Hindwing. Entomol. Rev. 61: 70-78

    Yang, C.-T., and T.-Y. Chang. 2000. The external male genitalia of Hemiptera (Homoptera - Heteroptera). Shih Way Publishers, Taichung, Taiwan. 746pp. [detailed and profusely illustrated treatment of male genital morphology with discussion of phylogenetic implications]


    Catalogues and Bibliographies

    General

    Nast, J. 1972. Palearctic Auchenorrhyncha (Homoptera). An annotated check list. Polish Scientific Publishers, Warsaw, 550pp. [taxonomic checklist with country-level distributional data]

    Nast, J. 1979. Palearctic Auchenorrhyncha (Homoptera). Part 2. Bibliography, Addenda and Corrigenda. Ann. Zool. (Warsaw) 34: 481-499.

    Nast, J. 1987. The Auchenorrhyncha of Europe. Ann. Zool. (Warsaw) 40: 535-662

     

    Cicadoidea

    Metcalf, Z. P. 1962. A bibliography of the Cicadoidea (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Waverly Press, Baltimore, iv + 229pp. [bibliography of the cicada literature through 1955

    Metcalf, Z. P. 1963. General Catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicle VIII. Cicadoidea. Parts 1-2. USDA-ARS, Washington. [multi-volume comprehensive catalog for cicadas covering essentially all the literature from 1758 to 1955]

    Duffels, J. P., and P. A. van der Laan. 1985. Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha) 1956-1980. W. Junk, Dordrecht. xiv + 414pp. [supplement covering the years 1956-1980, formatted similarly to original catalogue]

     

    Cercopoidea

    Metcalf, Z. P. 1960-1962. General catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicle VII. Cercopoidea. Parts 1-4. Waverly Press, Baltimore. [four volume catalogue covering the cercopoid literature through 1956]

    Metcalf, Z. P. 1960. A bibliography of the Cercopoidea (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Waverly Press, Baltimore, iv + 262pp. [companion to catalogue]

     

    Cicadellidae

    Burnside, V. W. 1971. General Catalogue of the Homoptera Fasc. VI Cicadelloidea. Index to genera and species with addenda and corrigenda for parts 1-17. USDA-ARS, Washington, 269pp.

    Day, M. F., and M. J. Fletcher. 1994. An annotated catalogue of the Australian Cicadelloidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Invert. Taxon. 8: 1117-1288.[lists 765 species of Membracoidea and gives type locality, type repository, and state-level distribution]

    Metcalf, Z. P. 1962-1968. General Catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicle VI. Cicadelloidea. Parts 1-17. USDA-ARS, Washington. [multi-volume comprehensive catalogue for leafhoppers covering essentially all the literature from 1758 to 1955]

    Metcalf, Z. P. 1964. General Catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicle VI. Cicadelloidea. Bibliography of the Cicadelloidea (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha). USDA-ARS, Washington. [companion bibliography to leafhopper catalogue]

    Metcalf, Z. P., and V. Wade. 1963. A bibliography of the Membracoidea and fossil Homoptera (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Waverly Press, Baltimore, 200pp. [bibliography of the treehopper literature through 1955]

    Oman, P. W., W. J. Knight, and M. W. Nielson. 1990. Leafhoppers (Cicadellidae): a bibliography, generic check-list and index to the world literature 1956-1985. CAB International Institute of Entomology, Wallingford, U.K. 368pp. [treats the literature on leafhoppers from 1956-1985; includes a provisional tribal classification, generic checklist and indicates papers in which new keys, taxon descriptions and geographical records are included]

     

    Membracidae & Aetalionidae

    Deitz, L. L. 1989. Bibliography of Membracoidea (Homoptera: Aetalionidae, Biturritiidae, Membracidae, and Nicomiidae) 1981-1987. North Carolina Agr. Res. Serv. Tech Bull. 290: 1-31.

    Deitz, L. L., and D. D. Kopp. 1987. Bibliography of the Membracoidea (Homoptera: Aetalionidae, Biturritiidae, Membracidae, and Nicomiidae). 1956-1980. North Carolina Agr. Res. Serv. Tech Bull. 281: 1-39.

    Funkhouser, W. D. 1927. Membracidae. General catalogue of the Hemiptera. Fasc. 1. Smith College, Northampton, MA, 1-581. [covers the literature from 1758-1926, but with many omissions]

    McKamey, S. H. 1998. Taxonomic catalogue of the Membracoidea (exclusive of leafhoppers): second supplement to fascicle 1 -- Membracidae of the general catalogue of the Hemiptera. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 60: 1-377. [supplement covering the years 1956-1994, formatted similarly to original catalogue]

    Metcalf, Z. P., and V. Wade. 1965. General catalogue of the Homoptera. A supplement to fascicle 1--Membracidae of the general catalogue of the Hemiptera. Membracoidea. Waverly Press, Baltimore. [two volume supplement to Funkhouser (1927) covering literature through 1955]


    Guides to Genera and Species: By Region

    Africa

    Evans, J. W. 1954. Les Cicadellidae de Madagascar (Homopteres). Mem. Inst. Sci. Madagascar 4: 1-44.

    Linnavuori, R. 1975. Revision of the Cicadellidae of the Ethiopian region III. Deltocephalinae, Hecalini. Acta Zool. Fenn. 143: 1-37.

    Linnavuori, R. 1976. Studies on the family Cicadellidae (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha). A revision of the Macropsinae of the Ethiopian Region and a new cicadellid subramily from the Neotropical Region, Neopsinae, subfam.n. Acta Entomol. Fenn. 33: 1-19.

    Linnavuori, R. 1977. Revision of the Ethiopian Cicadellidae (Hemiptera-Homoptera): Penthimiinae. Etudes du Continent Africain 4: 1-76. [treats Penthimiini only]

    Linnavuori, R. 1978. Revision of the Ethiopian Cicadellidae (Homoptera). Paraboloponinae and Deltocephalinae. Scaphytopiini and Goniagnathini. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 92: 457-500.

    Linnavuori, R. 1979a. Revision of African Cicadellidae (Homoptera Auchenorrhyncha). Part 1. Rev. Zool. Afr. 93: 647-747. [treats Eupelicini, Drakensbergenini, Aphrodinae, Signoretiinae, Cicadellini, and Mileewini]

    Linnavuori, R. 1979b. Revision of the African Cicadellidae (Homoptera Auchenorrhyncha). Part II. Rev. Zool. Afr. 93: 929-1010. [treats Xestocephalini, Nirvanini, Mukariini, and Stenometopiini]

    Linnavuori, R. and K. T. Al-Neamy. 1983. Revision of the African Cicadellidae (subfamily Selenocephalinae) (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha). Acta Zool. Fennica 168: 1-105.

    Webb, M. D. 1983b. The Afrotropical idiocerine leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.)-Entomol. 47: 211-257.

     

    Asia

    Anufriev, G. A., and A. F. Emeljanov. 1988. The suborder Cicadinea (Auchenorrhyncha). Opredelitel' nasekomykh Dal'nego Vostoka SSSR (A key to insects of the Far East of the USSR, vol. 2). Nauka, Leningrad. 495pp. [well illustrated guide to eastern Palearctic fauna, including many species that also occur in Korea, Japan, and China; English translation in pdf format available]

    Emeljanov, A. F. 1999. A key to genera of the subfamily Deltocephalinae s. l. (Homoptera, Cicadellidae) from Kazakhstan, Middle Asia, and Mongolia with description of new genera and subgenera. Entomol. Rev. 79: 547-562.

    Mitjaev, I. D. 1971 Leafhoppers of Kazakhstan (Homoptera-Cicadinea): the determinant. Academy of Sciences of Kazakh SSR. 209pp. [in Russian but with many illustrations]

    Zhang, Y. 1990. A taxonomic study of Chinese Cicadellidae (Homoptera). Tianze Eldonejo, Yangling. 218pp. [in Chinese with English summary; contains good illustrations of many of the common species]

     

    Australia

    Day, M. F. 1999. The genera of Australian Membracidae (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Invert. Taxon. 13: 629-747. [includes key to genera, species checklist, and distribution maps]

    Evans, J. W. 1966. The leafhoppers and froghoppers of Australia and New Zealand (Homoptera: Cicadelloidea and Cercopoidea). Mem. Austr. Mus. 12: 1-347. [keys to leafhoppers, spittlebugs, and treehoppers; emphasizes external morphology and largely ignores genitalia, thus many species are inadequately characterized]

    Evans, J. W. 1977. The leafhoppers and froghoppers of Australia and New Zealand (Homoptera: Cicadlloidea and Cercopoidea). Part 2. Rec. Aust. Mus. 31(3): 83-129. [addendum to Evans (1966)]

    Moulds, M. S. 1990. Australian cicadas. New South Wales University Press, Kensington, NSW, Australia. 217pp. [the best guide to cicadas available; includes color photos of all known Australian species]

     

    Europe

    Emeljanov, A. F. 1967. Suborder Cicadinea (Auchenorrhyncha). Pp. 421-551. In, Bei-Bienko, G. Y. (ed.) Keys to the insects of the European part of the U.S.S.R. I. Apterygota, Palaeoptera, Hemimetabola. [illustrated keys to the common European species]

    Ribaut, H. 1936. Homoptères Auchénorhynches. I. (Typhlocybidae). Faune de France 31: 1-229. [keys to typhlocybine leafhoppers occurring in France; good illustrations; nomenclature outdated; in French]

    Ribaut, H. 1952. Homoptères Auchénorhynches. II. (Jassidae). Faune de France 57: 1-474. [keys to leafhoppers occurring in France; good illustrations; in French]

    Giustina, W. della. 1989. Homoptères Cicadellidae. Faune de France 73(3): 1-350. [supplement to Ribaut (1952); in French]

    Ossianillsson, F. 1981. The Auchenorrhyncha (Homoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Part 2: The families Cicadidae, Cercopidae, Membracidae, and Cicadellidae (exc. Deltocephalinae). Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 7: 223-593. [well illustrated guide to the northern European fauna]

    Ossianillsson, F. 1983. The Auchenorrhyncha (Homoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Part 3: The family Cicadellidae: Deltocephalinae, catalogue of literature and index. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 7: 594-979.

     

    New World

    Beirne, B. P. 1956. Leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) of Canada and Alaska. Can. Entomol. 88 (Suppl. 2): 1-180. [well illustrated guide to Canadian species; somewhat outdated]

    Beirne, B. P. 1960. Cicadas (Homoptera: Cicadidae) and treehoppers (Homoptera: Membracidae) of Canada. Canada Department of Agriculture, Ottawa. 64pp. [well illustrated guide to Canadian species; somewhat outdated]

    Drew, W. A., F. L. Spangler, and D. Molnar. 1974. Oklahoma Cicadidae (Homoptera). Proc. Oklahoma Acad. Sci. 54: 90-97. [one of very few keys available for identification of North American cicadas]

    DeLong, D. M. 1948. The leafhoppers, or Cicadellidae, of Illinois (Eurymelinae - Balcluthinae). Bull. Illinois Nat. Hist. Surv. 24: 97-376. [nomenclature badly outdated but includes keys and illustrations for most of the common eastern and midwestern U.S. species, excluding Typhlocybinae]

    Hamilton, K. G. A. 1985. Leafhoppers of ornamental and fruit trees in Canada. Agriculture Canada, Ottawa. 71pp. [lacks keys but has color illustrations and lists common species occurring on various woody hosts]

    Oman, P. W. 1949. The Nearctic leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae): a generic classification and check list. Mem. Entomol. Soc. Washington 3: 1-253. [keys to genera of leafhoppers in America north of Mexico]


    Guides to Subfamilies, Tribes, Genera and Species: By Taxon

    Cicadoidea

    Distant, W. L. 1912. Homoptera Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam. Cicadinae. Genera Insectorum 142: 1-64. [first volume of two-part work; still the only comprehensive guide to world cicada genera]

    Distant, W. L. 1914. Homoptera Fam. Cicadidae, Subfam. Gaeaninae. Genera Insectorum 158: 1-38.

    Moulds, M. S. 1990. Australian cicadas. New South Wales University Press, Kensington, NSW, Australia. 217pp.

    Moulds. M. S. 2005. An appraisal of the higher classification of cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea) with special reference to the Australian fauna. Rec. Australian Mus. 57: 375-446.

     

    Cercopoidea

    Doering, K. C. 1928. The genus Clastoptera in America north of Mexico. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 18: 5-153.

    Fennah, R. G. 1949. New genera and species of Neotropical Cercopidae (Homoptera). Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (12) 1: 605-620.

    Fennah, R. G. 1968. Revisionary notes on the New World genera of cercopid froghoppers (Homoptera: Cercopoidea). Bull. Entomol. Res. 58: 165-190. [keys to genera of New World Cercopidae]

    Hamilton, K. G. A. 1977. Review of the world species of Prosapia Fennah (Rhynchota: Homoptera: Cercopidae). Can. Entomol. 109: 621-630.

    Hamilton, K. G. A. 1979. Synopsis of the North American Philaenini (Rhynchota: Homoptera: Cercopidae) with a new genus and four new species. Can. Entomol. 111: 127-141.

    Hamilton, K. G. A. 1982. The spittlebugs of Canada, Homoptera: Cercopidae. Insects and arachnids of Canada, 10. Agriculture Canada, Ottawa. 102pp.

    Hamilton, K. G. A. 2001. A new family of froghoppers from the American tropics (Hemiptera: Cercopoidea: Epipygidae). Biodiversity 2(3): 15-21.

    Lallemand, V. 1912. Homoptera Fam. Cercopidae. Genera Insectorum 143: 1-167. [seminal work on the World cercopoid fauna; badly outdated but still the best resource available for this superfamily]

    Maa, T. C. 1963. A review of the Machaerotidae (Hemiptera: Cercopoidea). Pac. Ins. Mon. 5: 1-166.

     

    Membracoidea

    Cicadellidae

    Dietrich, C. H. 2005. Keys to the families of Cicadomorpha and subfamilies and tribes of Cicadellidae (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Florida Entomol. 88: 502-517.

    Aphrodinae

    Cwikla, P. S. 1985. Classification of the genus Xestocephalus (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) for North and Central America including the West Indies. Brenesia 24: 175-272.

    Hamilton, K. G. A. 1975. A review of the Northern Hemisphere Aphrodina (Rhynchota: Homoptera: Cicadellidae), with special reference to the Nearctic fauna. Can. Entomol. 107: 1009-1027. [treats Aphrodinae, sensu Oman et al. (1990)]

     

    Cicadellinae (excluding Evacanthinae)

    Huh, E. Y., and Y. J. Kwon. 1994. Systematic and biogeographic studies on the subfamily Cicadellinae from Korea (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Insecta Koreana 11: 99-159.

    Kwon, Y. J. 1983. Classification of leafhoppers of the subfamily Cicadellinae from Korea (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Korean J. Entomol. 13: 15-25.

    Linnavuori, R., and D. M. DeLong. 1977. Studies of the Neotropical Mileewininae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 50: 410-421.

    Oman, P. W., and C. A. Musgrave. 1975. The Nearctic genera of Errhomenini (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Melanderia 21: 1-14.

    Young, D. A. 1965. Western Hemisphere Mileewanini (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Zool. Beitr. 2: 369-382.

    Young, D. A. 1968. Taxonomic study of the Cicadellinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Part 1. Proconiini. Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. 261:1-287.

    Young, D. A. 1977. Taxonomic study of the Cicadellinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Part 2. New World Cicadellini and the genus Cicadella. North Carolina Agr. Exp. Sta. Tech. Bull. 239: 1-1135.

    Young, D. A. 1986. Taxonomic study of the Cicadellinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae), Part 3. Old World Cicadellini. North Carolina Agr. Res. Serv. Tech. Bull. 281: 1-639.

    Young, D. A. 1993. New genus and five new species of mileewine leafhoppers from New Guinea (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Washington 95: 228-240.

     

    Coelidiinae

    Nielson, M. W. 1975. A revision of the subfamily Coelidiinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) tribes Tinobregmini, Sandersellini, and Tharrini. Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. Suppl. 24: 1-197.

    Nielson, M. W. 1977. A revision of the subfamily Coelidiinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) II. Tribe Thagriini. Pac. Ins. Mon. 34: 1-218.

    Nielson, M. W. 1979. A revision of the subfamily Coelidiinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) III. Tribe Teruliini. Pac. Ins. Mon. 35: 1-329.

    Nielson, M. W. 1982. A revision of the subfamily Coelidiinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) IV. Tribe Coelidiini. Pac. Ins. Mon. 38: 1-318.

    Nielson, M. W. 1983. A revision of the subfamily Coelidiinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) V. New tribes Hikangiini, Youngolidiini, and Gabritini. Pac. Ins. Mon. 40: 1-78.

    Nielson, M. W., W. J. Knight, and Y. Zhang. 2000. Distributional patterns and possible origins of the tribes and genera of Coelidiinae (Homoptera, Membracoidea, Cicadellidae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 17: 915-940.

    Theron, J. G. 1986. New genera and species of southern African Coelidiinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae), with description of the new tribe Equeefini. Phytophylactica 18: 153-163.

    Zhang, Y. 1994. A taxonomic study of Chinese Coelidiinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Henan Science and Technology Press. 151pp. [in Chinese with English summary; well illustrated]

     

    Deltocephalinae (sensu lato)

    Blocker, H. D., Q. Fang, and W. C. Black, IV. 1995. Review of Nearctic Deltocephalus-like leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 88: 294-315. ["Deltocephalus-like genera" equals Deltocephalini]

    Cwikla, P. S., and H. D. Blocker. 1981. Neotropical genera of Deltocephalinae not included in Linnavuori's 1959 key. Bull. Entomol. Soc. Am. 27: 170-178. [a useful supplement to Linnavuori (1959), see below]

    Dmitriev, D. A. 2000. To the knowledge of larvae of leafhoppers of the subfamily Deltocephalinae (Homoptera, Cicadellidae). Trudy Zool. Inst. Ross. Akad. Nauk 286: 29-34. [includes key to tribes based on nymphs]

    Hamilton, K. G. A. 1975. Review of the tribal classification of the leafhopper subfamily Aphrodinae (Deltocephalinae of authors) of the Holarctic region (Rhynchota: Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Can. Entomol. 107: 477-498. [most recent attempt to reclassify the subfamily; classification not followed by any subsequent author except Hamilton]

    Hamilton, K. G. A. 2000. Five genera of New-World "shovel-headed" and "spoon-bill" leafhoppers (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Dorycephalini and Hecalini). Can. Entomol. 132: 429-503.

    Knight, W. J., and M. D. Webb. 1993. The phylogenetic relationships betwen virus vector and other genera of macrosteline leafhoppers, including descriptions of new taxa (Homoptera: Cicadellidae: Deltocephalinae). Syst. Entomol. 18: 11-55. [includes an estimate of phylogenetic relationships among deltocephaline tribes based on cladistic analysis, and a key to genera of Macrostelini]

    Linnavuori, R. 1959. Revision of the Neotropical Deltocephalinae and some related subfamilies (Homoptera). Suomalaisen Elain-ja Kasvitieteellisen Seuran Vanamon Elaintieteellisia Julkaisuja 20: 1-370. [includes treatments of Bythoniinae, Neobalinae, Nirvaninae, Penthimiinae and Xestocephalinae]

    Linnavuori, R. 1977. Revision of the Ethiopian Cicadellidae (Hemiptera-Homoptera): Penthimiinae. Etudes du Continent Africain 4: 1-76.

    Linnavuori, R. 1978. Revision of the Ethiopian Cicadellidae (Homoptera). Paraboloponinae and Deltocephalinae. Scaphytopiini and Goniagnathini. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 92: 457-500.

    Linnavuori, R. 1975. Revision of the Cicadellidae of the Ethiopian region III. Deltocephalinae, Hecalini. Acta Zool. Fenn. 143: 1-37.

    Linnavuori, R. 1979a. Revision of the African Cicadellidae (Homoptera Auchenorrhyncha). Rev. Zool. Afr. 93: 929-1010.

    Linnavuori, R. 1979b. Revision of African Cicadellidae (Homoptera Auchenorrhyncha). Part 1. Rev. Zool. Afr. 93: 647-747.

    Linnavuori, R. and D. M. DeLong. The leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) known from Chile. Brenesia 12&13: 153-267.

    Linnavuori, R. and D. M. DeLong. 1978. The genus Arrugada (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) in Bolivia and Peru. J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 51: 175-184.

    Linnavuori, R. and K. T. Al-Neamy. 1983. Revision of the African Cicadellidae (subfamily Selenocephalinae) (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha). Acta Zool. Fennica 168: 1-105.

    Oman, P. W. 1971. The leafhopper subfamily Koebeliinae. pp. 129-139 In Asahima, S., J. L. Gressitt, Z. Hikada, T. Mishida, and K. Namura, eds. Entomological essays to commemorate the retirement of Professor K. Yasumatsu. Hokuryukan, Tokyo.

    Ossiannilsson, F. 1983. The Auchenorrhyncha (Homoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Part 3: The family Cicadellidae: Deltocephalinae, Catalogue, Literature and Index. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 7: 594-979. [keys and excellent illustrations for the northern European fauna].

    Webb, M. D. 1981. The Asian, Australasian and Pacific Paraboloponinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) (Entomology) 43: 39-76.

    Zhang, Y., and M. D. Webb. 1996. A revised classification of the Asian and Pacific selenocephaline leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London) Entomol. 65: 1-103.

     

    Evacanthinae (=Nirvaninae)

    Baker, C. F. 1923. The Jassoidea related to the Stenocotidae with special reference to Malayan species. Philippine J. Sci. 23: 345-405.

    Dietrich, C. H. 2004. Phylogeny of the leafhopper subfamily Evacanthinae with a review of Neotropical species and notes on related groups (Hemiptera: Membracoidea: Cicadellidae). Syst. Entomol. 29: 455-487. [includes keys to Neotropical genera and species]

    Kramer, J. P. 1964b. A review of the Neotropical Nirvaninae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Entomol. News 75: 113-128.

    Li, Z., and L. Wang. 1996. The Evacanthinae of China (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Huayu Center of Environmental Information Services, Beijing, China, 134pp.

    Linnavuori, R. 1979. Revision of the African Cicadellidae (Homoptera Auchenorrhyncha). Part II. Rev. Zool. Afr. 93: 929-1010.

    Viraktamath, C. A. and C. S. Wesley. 1988. Revision of the Nirvaninae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) of the Indian subcontinent. Great Basin Nat. Mem. 12: 182-223.

     

    Iassinae

    Blocker, H. D. 1979. The Iassinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) of the Western Hemisphere. J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 52: 1-70.

    Blocker, H. D., and M. D. Webb. 1990. The leafhopper genus Bythonia (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Entomol. News. 101: 293-296.

    Evans, J. W. 1972. Some leafhoppers from New Guinea, Australia and Thailand belonging to the subfamily Jassinae and a new genus from New Guinea referred to a new subfamily, Acostemminae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Pac. Ins. 14: 647-662.

    Evans, J. W. 1974. New Caledonian leafhoppers and the systematic position of Kosmiopelix Kirkaldy and Euacanthella Evans (Homoptera: Cicadelloidea). Pac. Ins. 16: 165-175.

    Knight, W. J. 1983. The leafhopper genus Batracomorphus (Cicadellidae, Iassinae) in the eastern Oriental and Australian regions. Bull. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.) 47: 27-210.

    Linnavuori, R., and J. A. Quartau. 1975. Revision of the Ethiopian Cicadellidae (Hemiptera - Homoptera): Iassinae and Acroponinae. Etudes du Continent Africain 3: 1-170.

     

    Idiocerinae

    Hamilton, K. G. A. 1980. Review of the Nearctic Idiocerini, excepting those from the Sonoran subregion (Rhynchota: Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Canadian Entomologist 112: 811-848.

    Maldonado-Capriles, J. 1985. Studies on Idiocerinae leafhoppers: XVI. Tomopennis, a new genus for Guyana, and a key to the Neotropical genera of the subfamily. Caribbean J. Sci. 20: 97-100.

    Webb, M. D. 1983a. Revision of the Australian Idiocerinae (Hemiptera: Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Austr. J. Zool. Suppl. 92: 1-147.

    Webb, M. D. 1983b. The Afrotropical idiocerine leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.)-Entomol. 47: 211-257.

     

    Macropsinae

    Hamilton, K. G. A. 1980. Contributions to the study of the World Macropsini (Rhynchota: Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Can. Entomol. 112: 875-932.

    Hamilton, K. G. A. 1983b. Revision of the Macropsini and Neopsini of the New-World (Rhynchota: Homoptera: Cicadellidae), with notes on intersex morphology. Mem. Entomol. Soc. Canada 123: 1-223.

    Linnavuori, R. 1976. Studies on the family Cicadellidae (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha). A revision of the Macropsinae of the Ethiopian Region and a new cicadellid subramily from the Neotropical Region, Neopsinae, subfam.n. Acta Entomol. Fenn. 33: 1-19.

     

    Megophthalminae (=Agalliinae, Adelungiinae)

    Hamilton, K. G. A. 1998. The species of the North American leafhoppers Ceratagallia Kirkaldy and Aceratagallia Kirkaldy (Rhynchota: Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Can. Entomol. 130: 427-490. [incorrectly treats Aceratagallia Kirkaldy as a jr. synonym of Ceratagallia Kirkaldy (Aceratagallia is the older name), but otherwise a thorough revision of the largest North American genus; some common species are given new names]

    Kramer, J. P. 1964. New World leafhoppers of the subfamily Agalliinae: a key to genera with records and descriptions of species (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 89: 141-163. [most recent key to New World genera]

    Oman, P. W. 1933. A classification of North American Agallian leafhoppers. U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 372: 1-93. [first comprehensive species-level revision of North American fauna]

    Oman, P. W. 1938. A contribution to the classification of South American agallian leafhoppers. Ann. Carnegie Mus. 25: 351-460. [first extensive revision of SA fauna]

     

    Tartessinae

    Evans, F. 1981. The Tartessinae of Australia, New Guinea and some adjacent islands (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Pac. Ins. 23: 112-188.

     

    Typhlocybinae

    DeLong, D. M. 1930. A revision of the American species of Empoasca known to occur north of Mexico. USDA Tech Bull. 231: 1-59.

    Dworakowska, I. 1971. On Eastern Hemisphere Alebrini (Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae, Typhlocybinae). Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci. Biol. 19: 493-500. [comprehensive review of the tribe in the Old World, no keys but good illustrations]

    Dworakowska, I. 1979. On the leafhopper tribe Zyginellini (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae, Typhlocybinae). Rev. Zool. Afr. 93(2): 288-331. [includes a key to tribes of Typhlocybini]

    Dworakowska, I. 1981. Typhlocybini of Asia (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae). Entomol. Abh. Ber. Staatl. Mus. Tierk., Dresden 45: 99-181. [no keys but excellent illustrations]

    Mahmood, S. H. 1967. A study of the typhlocybine genera of the Oriental Region (Thailand, the Philippines and adjoining areas). Pac. Ins. Mon. 12: 1-52. [first attempt at revision of the Oriental fauna, includes keys to tribes and genera following Young's classification].

    Ribaut, H. 1936. Homopteres Auchenorhynques (Typhlocybidae). Faune de France 31: 1-228. [the seminal work on European Typhlocybinae; keys in French, excellent illustrations; see Ribaut (1952) and Giustina (1989) for additions and corrections]

    Ross, H. H. 1959. A survey of the Empoasca fabae complex (Hemiptera, Cicadellidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am.52: 304-316.

    Ross, H. H., and H. B. Cunningham. 1960. A key to the Empoasca solana complex with descriptions of new species. Ohio J. Sci. 60: 309-317. [included species are now placed in a separate genus, Solanasca Ghauri]

    Ruppel, R. F. 1987. A summary of the tribes proposed in Typhlocybinae (Hemiptera, Cicadellidae). Michigan Academician 19(1): 29-35.

    Young, D. A. 1952. A reclassification of Western Hemisphere Typhlocybinae (Homoptera, Cicadellidae). Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 35(1): 1-217. [most recent comprehensive treatment of New World fauna; keys to genera and list of species in each genus; only 4 tribes recognized].

    Young, D. A. 1957. The leafhopper tribe Alebrini (Homoptera, Cicadellidae). Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 107: 127-277. [includes descriptions of numerous new Neotropical genera; at the time of publication, the Old World fauna was poorly known and thought to consist only of Alebra species].

     

    Membracidae and Aetalionidae

    Deitz, L. L. 1975. Classification of the higher categories of the New World treehoppers (Homoptera: Membracidae). North Carolina Agr. Exp. Sta. Tech. Bull. 225: 1-177. [provides a key and generic checklist for New World tribes and subfamilies; includes many illustrations]

    Deitz, L. L., and C. H. Dietrich. 1993. Superfamily Membracoidea (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha). I. Introduction and revised classification with new family-group taxa. Syst. Entomol. 18: 287-296. [includes key to families of Membracoidea, revised family classification and description of new family Melizoderidae]

    Dietrich, C. H., S. H. McKamey, and L. L. Deitz. Morphology-based phylogeny of the treehopper family Membracidae (Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha: Membracoidea). Syst. Entomol. 26: 213-239. [includes updated key to New World tribes and provisional key to Old World tribes]

    Funkhouser, W. D. 1950. Homoptera Fam. Membracidae. Genera Insectorum 208: 1-383. [comprehensive key to world genera with species checklist; badly outdated but still the only key available for many genera]

    Wallace, M. S., and L. L. Deitz. 2004. Phylogeny and systematics of the treehopper subfamily Centrotinae (Hemiptera: Membracidae). Mem. Entomol. Int.19: i-iv, 1-377. [revises higher classification of the largest membracid subfamily and the only one native to the Old World; includes key to tribes and generic checklist with photos of a representative of each genus]

     

    Myerslopiidae

    Hamilton, K. G. A. 1999. The ground-dwelling leafhoppers Myserslopiidae, new family, and Sagmatiini, new tribe (Homoptera: Membracoidea). Invert. Taxon. 13: 207-235.


    Other Relevant Literature

    Hamilton, K. G. A. 1983a. Introduced and native leafhoppers common to the Old and New worlds (Rhynchota: Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Can. Entomol. 115: 473-511.

    Nielson, M. W. 1968. The leafhopper vectors of phytopathogenic viruses (Homoptera, Cicadellidae): taxonomy, biology, and virus transmission. U.S.D.A. Tech. Bull. 1382, 386pp.

    Thompson, V. 1994. Spittlebug indicators of nitrogen-fixing plants. Ecol. Entomol. 19: 391-398.


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