List of Woody Plants Native or Naturalized in Illinois

Kenneth R. Robertson
Center for Biodiversity
Illinois Natural History Survey
607 East Peabody Drive
Champaign, IL 61820 USA

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The following table gives a list of all trees, shrubs, and woody vines that are know to be native to Illinois or that have become naturalized. The list is derived primarily from Iverson et al. (1989), with some modifications and additions, especially with regard to interspecific hybrids and subspecific taxa. Nomenclature, including family names, follows Mohlenbrock (1986), except when the official list of endnagered and threatened species for Illinois uses a different name. Habit applies only to Illinois, i.e., some species that are only shrubs in Illinois may be trees elsewhere. Only one common name is given for each species; these come from various sources: Iverson et al. (1989), Mohlenbrock (1986), Little (1979), and Hightshoe (1987). This list is essentially the same as that published in Robertson (1994).

References:
Hightshoe, G. L. 1987. Native trees, shrubs, and vines for urban and rural America. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York. 819 pp.

Illinois Endangered Species Protection Board. 1994. Checklist of endangered and threatened animals and plants of Illinois. Illinois Endangered Species Protection Board, Springfield. 20 pp.

Iverson, L.R., R.L. Oliver, D.P. Tucker, P.G. Risser, C.D. Burnett, and R.G. Rayburn. 1989. Forest resources of Illinois: An atlas and analysis of spatial and temporal trends. Illinois Natural History Survey Special Publication 11. vii + 181 pp.

Little, E.L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). U.S.D.A. Forest Service, Agricultural Handbook 541. iv + 375 pp.

Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois. Revised edition. Southern University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. viii + 507 pp.

Robertson, K.R. 1994. Woody plants of Illinois. Erigenia (Journal of the Illinois Native Plant Society) 13: 20-38.


Genera beginning with A - M are given below.

Go to N - Z

Scientific Name Plant Family Common Name Tree/Shrub/or Woody Vine Native or Introduced Endangered or Threatened
Acer floridanum Aceraceae Southern sugar maple tree native -
Acer ginnala Aceraceae Amur maple tree or shrub introduced -
Acer negundo Aceraceae Boxelder tree native -
Acer nigrum Aceraceae Black maple tree native -
Acer platanoides Aceraceae Norway maple tree introduced -
Acer pseudoplatanus Aceraceae Sycamore maple tree introduced -
Acer rubrum var. drummondii Aceraceae Drummond's red maple tree native -
Acer rubrum var. rubrum Aceraceae Red maple tree native -
Acer rubrum var. trilobum Aceraceae Red maple tree native -
Acer saccharinum Aceraceae Silver maple tree native -
Acer saccharum var. saccharum Aceraceae Sugar maple tree native -
Acer saccharum var. schneckii Aceraceae Schneck's sugar maple tree native -
Aesculus flava Hippocastanaceae Yellow buckeye tree or shrub native -
Aesculus glabra var. glabra Hippocastanaceae Ohio buckeye tree native -
Aesculus glabra var. leucodermis Hippocastanaceae Ohio buckeye tree native -
Aesculus hippocastanum Hippocastanaceae Horse chestnut tree introduced -
Aesculus pavia Hippocastanaceae Red buckeye tree or shrub native -
Aesculus x mississippiensis Hippocastanaceae tree or shrub native -
Ailanthus altissima Simaroubaceae Tree-of-heaven tree introduced -
Albizia julibrissin Fabaceae Mimosa-tree tree introduced -
Alnus glutinosa Betulaceae Black alder tree introduced -
Alnus rugosa Betulaceae Speckled alder shrub native endangered
Alnus serrulata Betulaceae Common alder tree or shrub native -
Amelanchier arborea Rosaceae Downy serviceberry tree or shrub native -
Amelanchier humilis Rosaceae Low shadbush shrub native -
Amelanchier interior Rosaceae Inland serviceberry tree native endangered
Amelanchier laevis Rosaceae Allegheny serviceberry shrub native -
Amelanchier sanguinea Rosaceae Round-leaved serviceberry tree or shrub native endangered
Amorpha canescens Fabaceae Lead plant shrub native -
Amorpha fruticosa var. angustifolia Fabaceae False indigo shrub native -
Amorpha fruticosa var. croceolanata Fabaceae False indigo shrub native -
Amorpha fruticosa var. fruticosa Fabaceae False indigo shrub native -
Amorpha nitens Fabaceae Smooth false indigo shrub native endangered
Ampelopsis arborea Vitaceae Pepper vine woody vine native -
Ampelopsis cordata Vitaceae Raccoon grape woody vine native -
Andromeda polifolia var. glaucophylla Ericaceae Bog rosemary shrub native extirpated
Aralia elata Araliaceae Japanese angelica tree tree or shrub introduced -
Aralia spinosa Araliaceae Devil's walking stick tree or shrub native -
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi subsp. coactilis Ericaceae Bearberry shrub native endangered
Aristolochia tomentosa Aristolochiaceae Dutchman's pipe woody vine native -
Aronia melanocarpa Rosaceae Black chokeberry shrub native -
Aronia prunifolia Rosaceae Purple chokeberry shrub native -
Artemisia abrotanum Asteraceae Garden sagebrush shrub introduced -
Artemisia absinthium Asteraceae Absinthe shrub introduced -
Artemisia frigida Asteraceae Fringed sagebrush shrub introduced -
Artemisia pontica Asteraceae Roman wormwood shrub introduced -
Asimina triloba Annonaceae Pawpaw tree native -
Berberis canadensis Berberidaceae Allegheny barberry shrub native endangered
Berberis thunbergii Berberidaceae Japanese barberry shrub introduced -
Berberis vulgaris Berberidaceae Common barberry shrub introduced -
Berchemia scandens Rhamnaceae Supple-jack woody vine native endangered
Betula alleghaniensis Betulaceae Yellow birch tree native endangered
Betula nigra Betulaceae River birch tree native -
Betula papyrifera Betulaceae Paper birch tree native -
Betula populifolia Betulaceae Gray birch tree native endangered
Betula pumila var. glabra Betulaceae Dwarf birch shrub native -
Betula pumila var. glandulifera Betulaceae Dwarf birch shrub native -
Betula pumila var. pumila Betulaceae Dwarf birch shrub native -
Betula x purpusii Betulaceae Purpus' birch tree or shrub native -
Betula x sandbergii Betulaceae Sandberg's birch tree or shrub native -
Bignonia capreolata Bignoniaceae Cross vine woody vine native -
Broussonetia papyrifera Moraceae Paper mulberry tree introduced -
Brunnichia ovata Polygonaceae Buckwheat vine woody vine native -
Bumelia lanuginosa var. oblongifolia Sapotaceae Chittam wood tree or shrub native endangered
Bumelia lycioides Sapotaceae Southern buckthorn tree or shrub native -
Calycanthus floridus Calycanthaceae Strawberry shrub shrub introduced -
Calycocarpum lyonii Menispermaceae Cupseed woody vine native -
Campsis radicans Bignoniaceae Trumpet creeper woody vine native -
Caragana arborescens Fabaceae Siberian pea-tree tree or shrub introduced -
Carpinus caroliniana Betulaceae American hornbeam tree native -
Carya aquatica Juglandaceae Water hickory tree native -
Carya cordiformis Juglandaceae Bitternut hickory tree native -
Carya glabra var. megacarpa Juglandaceae Pignut hickort tree native -
Carya illinoensis Juglandaceae Pecan tree native -
Carya laciniosa Juglandaceae Shellbark hickory tree native -
Carya ovalis var. obovalis Juglandaceae Sweet pignut hickory tree native -
Carya ovalis var. odorata Juglandaceae Sweet pignut hickory tree native -
Carya ovalis var. ovalis Juglandaceae Sweet pignut hickory tree native -
Carya ovata var. fraxinifolia Juglandaceae Ash-leaved shagbark hickory tree native -
Carya ovata var. nuttallii Juglandaceae Small shagbark hickory tree native -
Carya ovata var. ovata Juglandaceae Shagbark hickory tree native -
Carya pallida Juglandaceae Pale hickory tree native endangered
Carya texana Juglandaceae Black hickory tree native -
Carya tomentosa Juglandaceae Mockernut hickory tree native -
Carya x lecontei Juglandaceae hickory tree native -
Carya x nussbaumeri Juglandaceae hickory tree native -
Carya x schneckii Juglandaceae hickory tree native -
Castanea dentata Fagaceae American chestnut tree native extirpated
Castanea mollissima Fagaceae Chinese chestnut tree introduced -
Catalpa bignonioides Bignoniaceae Common catalpa tree introduced -
Catalpa speciosa Bignoniaceae Western catalpa tree native -
Ceanothus americanus var. americanus Rhamnaceae New Jersey tea shrub native -
Ceanothus americanus var. pitcheri Rhamnaceae New Jersey tea shrub native -
Ceanothus ovatus Rhamnaceae Redroot shrub native endangered
Celastrus orbicularis Celastraceae Round-leaved bittersweet woody vine introduced -
Celastrus scandens Celastraceae American bittersweet woody vine native -
Celtis laevigata var. laevigata Ulmaceae Sugarberry tree native -
Celtis laevigata var. smallii Ulmaceae Toothed sugarberry tree native -
Celtis laevigata var. texana Ulmaceae Cliff sugarberry tree native -
Celtis occidentalis var. canina Ulmaceae Hackberry tree native -
Celtis occidentalis var. occidentalis Ulmaceae Hackberry tree native -
Celtis occidentalis var. pumila Ulmaceae Small hackberry tree native -
Celtis tenuifolia var. georgiana Ulmaceae Dwarf hackberry tree or shrub native -
Celtis tenuifolia var. tenuifolia Ulmaceae Dwarf hackberry tree or shrub native -
Cephalanthus occidentalis var. occidentalis Rubiaceae Buttonbush shrub native -
Cephalanthus occidentalis var. pubescens Rubiaceae Buttonbush shrub native -
Cercis canadensis Fabaceae Redbud tree or shrub native -
Chaenomeles japonica Rosaceae Japanese quince shrub introduced -
Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia Ericaceae Leatherleaf shrub native threatened
Cladrastis lutea Fabaceae Yellowwood tree native endangered
Clematis occidentalis Ranunculaceae Purple clematis woody vine native endangered
Clematis virginiana Ranunculaceae Virgin's bower woody vine native -
Cocculus carolinus Menispermaceae Snailseed woody vine native -
Comptonia peregrina Myricaceae Sweetfern shrub native endangered
Cornus alternifolia Cornaceae Pogoda dogwood tree native -
Cornus amomum Cornaceae Silky dogwood shrub native -
Cornus drummondii Cornaceae Rough-leaved dogwood tree or shrub native -
Cornus florida Cornaceae Flowering dogwood tree native -
Cornus foemina Cornaceae Stiff dogwood shrub native -
Cornus obliqua Cornaceae Pale dogwood shrub native -
Cornus racemosa Cornaceae Gray dogwood shrub native -
Cornus rugosa Cornaceae Round-leaved dogwood shrub native -
Cornus stolonifera var. baileyi Cornaceae Bailey's dogwood shrub native -
Cornus stolonifera var. stolonifera Cornaceae Red osier dogwood shrub native -
Corylus americana Betulaceae Hazelnut shrub native -
Corylus cornuta Betulaceae Beaked hazelnut shrub native endangered
Crataegus acutifolia Rosaceae Hawthorn tree native -
Crataegus calpodendron Rosaceae Urn-shaped hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus coccinioides Rosaceae Hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus collina Rosaceae Hawthorn tree native -
Crataegus corusca Rosaceae Hawthorn tree native -
Crataegus crus-galli var. barrettiana Rosaceae Barrett's hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli Rosaceae Cock-spur hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus cuneiformis Rosaceae Hawthorn tree native -
Crataegus engelmanii Rosaceae Barberry-leaved hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus faxonii Rosaceae Hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus fecunda Rosaceae Fruitful hawthorn tree native -
Crataegus hannibalensis Rosaceae Hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus holmesiana Rosaceae Hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus lucorum Rosaceae Hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus macrosperma Rosaceae Hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus margaretta Rosaceae Hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus marshalii Rosaceae Parsley hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus mollis Rosaceae Red haw tree native -
Crataegus monogyna Rosaceae English hawthorn tree or shrub introduced -
Crataegus neobushii Rosaceae Hawthorn tree native -
Crataegus nitida Rosaceae Glossy hawthorn tree native -
Crataegus pedicellata Rosaceae Hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus permixta Rosaceae Hawthorn tree native -
Crataegus phaenopyrum Rosaceae Washington hawthorn tree native -
Crataegus pringlei Rosaceae Hawthorn tree native -
Crataegus pruinosa Rosaceae Frosted hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus punctata Rosaceae Dotted hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus succulenta Rosaceae Fleshy hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus tortilis Rosaceae Hawthorn tree or shrub native -
Crataegus viridis Rosaceae Green hawthorn tree native -
Cydonia oblonga Rosaceae Quince tree or shrub introduced -
Deutzia scabra Philadelphaceae Pride-of-Rochester shrub introduced -
Diervilla lonicera Caprifoliaceae Bush honeysuckle shrub native -
Diospyros virginiana Ebenaceae Permisson tree native -
Dirca palustris Thymelaeaceae Leatherwood shrub native -
Elaeagnus angustifolia Elaeagnaceae Russian olive tree or shrub introduced -
Elaeagnus multiflora Elaeagnaceae Oleastern shrub introduced -
Elaeagnus umbellata Elaeagnaceae Autumn olive shrub introduced -
Epigaea repens Ericaceae Trailing arbutus shrub native -
Euonymus alatus Celastraceae Burning bush shrub introduced -
Euonymus americanus Celastraceae Strawberry bush shrub native endangered
Euonymus atropurpureus Celastraceae Eastern wahoo shrub native -
Euonymus euopaeus Celastraceae European spindle-tree shrub introduced -
Euonymus fortunei Celastraceae Wintercreeper shrub introduced -
Euonymus kiautschovicus Celastraceae Spreading euonyumus shrub introduced -
Euonymus obovatus Celastraceae Running strawberry bush shrub native -
Fagus grandifolia var. caroliniana Fagaceae American beech tree native -
Forestiera acuminata Oleaceae Swamp privet tree or shrub native -
Fraxinus americana Oleaceae White ash tree native -
Fraxinus nigra Oleaceae Black ash tree native -
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Oleaceae Green ash tree native -
Fraxinus profunda Oleaceae Pumpkin ash tree native -
Fraxinus quadrangulata Oleaceae Blue ash tree native -
Gaultheria procumbens Ericaceae Checkerberry shrub native endangered
Gaylussacia baccata Ericaceae Black huckleberry shrub native -
Gleditsia aquatica Fabaceae Water locust tree native -
Gleditsia triacanthos Fabaceae Honeylocust tree native -
Gymnocladus dioica Fabaceae Kentucky coffee tree tree native -
Halesia carolina Styracaceae Carolina silverbell tree native endangered
Hamamelis virginiana Hamamelidaceae Common witch-hazel tree or shrub native -
Hedera helix Araliaceae English ivy woody vine introduced -
Hibiscus syriacus Malvaceae Rose-of-Sharon shrub introduced -
Hudsonia tomentosa var. intermedia Cistaceae Beach heather shrub native endangered
Hudsonia tomentosa var. tomentosa Cistaceae Beach heather shrub native endangered
Hydrangea arborescens Hydrangeaceae Smooth hydrangea shrub native -
Hypericum hypericoides Hypericaceae St. Andrew's cross shrub native -
Hypericum kalmianum Hypericaceae Kalm St. John's-wort shrub native endangered
Hypericum lobocarpum Hypericaceae St. John's-wort shrub native -
Hypericum prolificum Hypericaceae Shrubby St. John's-wort shrub native -
Hypericum stragulum Hypericaceae St. Andrew's cross shrub native -
Ilex decidua Aquifoliaceae Possom haw tree or shrub native -
Ilex verticillata Aquifoliaceae American holly tree or shrub native -
Itea virginica Escalloniaceae Virginia sweetspire shrub native -
Juglans cinerea Juglandaceae Butternut tree native -
Juglans nigra Juglandaceae Black walnut tree native -
Juniperus communis var. communis Cupressaceae Common juniper shrub native threatened
Juniperus communis var. depress Cupressaceae Ground juniper shrub native threatened
Juniperus horizontalis Cupressaceae Trailing juniper shrub native endangered
Juniperus virginiana Cupressaceae Eastern redcedar tree native -
Kerria japonica Rosaceae Japanese kerria shrub introduced -
Koelreuteria paniculata Sapindaceae Goldenrain tree tree introduced -
Larix decidua Pinaceae European larch tree introduced -
Larix laricina Pinaceae Tamarack tree native threatened
Ligustrum obtusifolium Oleaceae Border privet shrub introduced -
Ligustrum vulgare Oleaceae Common privet shrub introduced -
Lindera benzoin var. benzoin Lauraceae Spicebush shrub native -
Lindera benzoin var. pubescens Lauraceae Hairy spicebush shrub native -
Linnaea borealis subsp. americana Caprifoliaceae Twinflower shrub native extirpated
Liquidambar styraciflua Hamamelidaceae Sweetgum tree native -
Liriodendron tulipifera Magnoliaceae Tulip tree tree native -
Lonicera dioica var. dioica Caprifoliaceae Red honeysuckle S/ L native -
Lonicera dioica var. glaucescens Caprifoliaceae Red honeysuckle S/ L native endangered
Lonicera flava Caprifoliaceae Yellow honeysuckle woody vine native endangered
Lonicera japonica var. chinensis Caprifoliaceae Japanese honeysuckle woody vine introduced -
Lonicera japonica var. japonica Caprifoliaceae Japanese honeysuckle woody vine introduced -
Lonicera maackii Caprifoliaceae Amur honeysuckle shrub introduced -
Lonicera morrowii Caprifoliaceae Morrow honeysuckle shrub introduced -
Lonicera prolifera Caprifoliaceae Grape honeysuckle woody vine native -
Lonicera ruprechtiana Caprifoliaceae Manchurian honeysuckle shrub introduced -
Lonicera sempervirens Caprifoliaceae Trumpet honeysuckle woody vine introduced -
Lonicera standishii Caprifoliaceae Honeysuckle shrub introduced -
Lonicera tatartica Caprifoliaceae Tatarian honeysuckle shrub introduced -
Lonicera x bella Caprifoliaceae Belle honeysuckle shrub introduced -
Lonicera x minutiflora Caprifoliaceae Bush Honeysuckle shrub introduced -
Lonicera x muendeniensis Caprifoliaceae Bush honeysuckle shrub introduced -
Lonicera x muscaviensis Caprifoliaceae Bush honeysuckle shrub introduced -
Lonicera x xylosteoides Caprifoliaceae hybrid fly honeysuckle shrub introduced -
Lonicera xylosteum Caprifoliaceae European fly honeysuckle shrub introduced -
Lycium barbarum Solanaceae Common matrimony vine shrub introduced -
Lycium chinense Solanaceae Chinese matrimony vine shrub introduced -
Maclura pomifera Moraceae Osage orange tree introduced -
Magnolia acuminata Magnoliaceae Cucumber magnolia tree native -
Malus angustifolia Rosaceae Southern crab apple tree native endangered
Malus coronaria var. coronaria Rosaceae Sweet crab apple tree native -
Malus coronaria var. dasycalyx Rosaceae Sweet crab apple tree native -
Malus ioensis Rosaceae Prairie crab apple tree native -
Malus pumila Rosaceae Apple tree introduced -
Malus x soulardii Rosaceae Soulard's crab apple tree introduced -
Menispermum canadensis Menispermaceae Moonseed woody vine native -
Morus alba var. alba Moraceae White mulberry tree or shrub introduced -
Morus alba var. tatarica Moraceae Russian mulberry tree or shrub introduced -
Morus rubra Moraceae Red mulberry tree native -

Go to N - Z

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