List of Woody Plants Native or Naturalized in Illinois
Part 2

Kenneth R. Robertson
Center for Biodiversity
Illinois Natural History Survey
607 East Peabody Drive
Champaign, IL 61820 USA

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Genera beginning with N - Z are given below.

Go to Introduction and A - M

Scientific Name Plant Family Common Name Tree/Shrub/or Woody Vine Native or Introduced Endangered or Threatened
Nemopanthus mucronatus Aquifoliaceae Mountain holly shrub native -
Nyssa aquatica Nyssaceae Water tupelo tree native -
Nyssa sylvatica var. caroliniana Nyssaceae Black tupelo tree native -
Nyssa sylvatica var. sylvatica Nyssaceae Black tupelo tree native -
Onosis spinosa Fabaceae Rest-harrow shrub introduced -
Ostrya virginiana Betulaceae Hop hornbeam tree native -
Oxydendrum arboreum Ericaceae Sourwood tree introduced -
Parthenocissus inserta Vitaceae Virginia creeper woody vine native -
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Vitaceae Virginia creeper woody vine native -
Parthenocissus tricuspidata Vitaceae Boston ivy woody vine introduced -
Paulownia tomentosa Scrophulariaceae Royal paulownia tree introduced -
Philadelphus coronarius Philadelphaceae Sweet mock-orange shrub introduced -
Philadelphus inodorus Philadelphaceae Scentless mock-orange shrub introduced -
Philadelphus pubescens Philadelphaceae Mock-orange shrub native -
Phoradendron serotinum Viscaceae Mistletoe shrub native -
Physocarpus opulifolius Rosaceae Common ninebark shrub native -
Picea abies Pinaceae Norway spruce tree introduced -
Picea mariana Pinaceae Black spruce tree introduced -
Pinus banksiana Pinaceae Jack pine tree native endangered
Pinus echinata Pinaceae Shortleaf pine tree native endangered
Pinus nigra Pinaceae Austrian pine tree introduced -
Pinus pungens Pinaceae Prickly pine tree introduced -
Pinus resinosa Pinaceae Red pine tree native endangered
Pinus rigida Pinaceae Pitch pine tree introduced -
Pinus strobus Pinaceae White pine tree native -
Pinus sylvestris Pinaceae Scotch pine tree introduced -
Pinus taeda Pinaceae Loblolly pine tree introduced -
Pinus wallichiana Pinaceae Himalayan pine tree introduced -
Planera aquatica Ulmaceae Water elm tree native endangered
Platanus occidentalis Platanaceae Sycamore tree native -
Populus alba Salicaceae White poplar tree introduced -
Populus balsamifera Salicaceae Balsam poplar tree native endangered
Populus canescens Salicaceae Gray poplar tree introduced -
Populus deltoides Salicaceae Eastern cottonwood tree native -
Populus grandidentata Salicaceae Big-toothed aspen tree native -
Populus heterophylla Salicaceae Swamp cottonwood tree native -
Populus nigra var. italica Salicaceae Lombardy poplar tree introduced -
Populus tremuloides Salicaceae Quaking aspen tree native -
Populus x gileadensis Salicaceae Balm-of-Gilead tree introduced -
Populus x smithii Salicaceae Barnes' aspen tree native -
Potentilla fruticosa subsp. floribunda Rosaceae Bush cinquefoil shrub native -
Prunus americana var. americana Rosaceae American plum tree or shrub native -
Prunus americana var. lanata Rosaceae American plum tree or shrub native -
Prunus angustifolia Rosaceae Chickasaw plum tree or shrub native -
Prunus armeniaca Rosaceae Apricot tree introduced -
Prunus avium Rosaceae Sweet cherry tree introduced -
Prunus cerasus Rosaceae Sour cherry tree introduced -
Prunus hortulana Rosaceae Wild goose plum tree native -
Prunus mahaleb Rosaceae Mahaleb cherry tree or shrub introduced -
Prunus mexicana Rosaceae Mexican plum tree native -
Prunus munsoniana Rosaceae Wild goose plum tree native -
Prunus nigra Rosaceae Canadian plum tree native -
Prunus padus Rosaceae European bird cherry tree or shrub introduced -
Prunus pensylvanica Rosaceae Pin cherry tree or shrub native -
Prunus persica Rosaceae Peach tree introduced -
Prunus serotina Rosaceae Black cherry tree native -
Prunus susquehanae Rosaceae Sand cherry shrub native -
Prunus triloba Rosaceae Flowering almond tree or shrub introduced -
Prunus virginiana Rosaceae Choke cherry tree or shrub native -
Ptelea trifoliata Rutaceae Wafer ash tree or shrub native -
Pueraria lobata Fabaceae Kudzu-vine woody vine introduced -
Pyrus calleryana Rosaceae Callery pear tree introduced -
Pyrus communis Rosaceae Common pear tree introduced -
Pyrus pyrifolia Rosaceae Chinese pear tree introduced -
Quercus alba Fagaceae White oak tree native -
Quercus bicolor Fagaceae Swamp white oak tree native -
Quercus coccinea Fagaceae Scarlet oak tree native -
Quercus ellipsoidalis Fagaceae Hill's oak tree native -
Quercus falcata Fagaceae Southern red oak tree native -
Quercus imbricaria Fagaceae Laurel oak tree native -
Quercus lyrata Fagaceae Overcup oak tree native -
Quercus macrocarpa Fagaceae Bur oak tree native -
Quercus marilandica Fagaceae Blackjack oak tree native -
Quercus michauxii Fagaceae Swamp chestnut oak tree native -
Quercus nuttallii Fagaceae Nuttall's oak tree native endangered
Quercus pagoda Fagaceae Cherrybark oak tree native -
Quercus palustris Fagaceae Pin oak tree native -
Quercus phellos Fagaceae Willow oak tree native threatened
Quercus prinoides var. acuminata Fagaceae Chinkapin oak tree native -
Quercus prinus Fagaceae Chestnut oak tree native threatened
Quercus rubra Fagaceae Northern red oak tree native -
Quercus shumardii Fagaceae Shumard's oak tree native -
Quercus stellata Fagaceae Post oak tree native -
Quercus velutina Fagaceae Black oak tree native -
Quercus x anceps Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x bebbiana Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x bushii Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x deamii Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x exacta Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x fallax Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x fernowii Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x filialis Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x hillii Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x humidicola Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x jackiana Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x ludoviciana Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x palmeriana Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x runcinata Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x saulii Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x schochiana Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x schuettei Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Quercus x tridentata Fagaceae Hybrid oak tree native -
Rehsonia floribunda Fabaceae Japanese wisteria woody vine introduced -
Rehsonia sinensis Fabaceae Chinese wisteria woody vine introduced -
Rhamnus alnifolia Rhamnaceae Alder buckthorn shrub native endangered
Rhamnus caroliniana Rhamnaceae Carolina buckthorn tree or shrub native -
Rhamnus cathartica Rhamnaceae Common buckthorn tree or shrub introduced -
Rhamnus davurica Rhamnaceae Dahurian buckthorn tree introduced
Rhamnus frangula var. angustifolia Rhamnaceae Narrow-leaved glossy buckthorn tree or shrub introduced -
Rhamnus frangula var. frangula Rhamnaceae Glossy buckthorn tree or shrub introduced -
Rhamnus lanceolata Rhamnaceae Lance-leaved buckthorn shrub native -
Rhododendron periclymenoides Ericaceae Pinxter flower shrub native -
Rhododendron prinophyllum Ericaceae Early azalea shrub native -
Rhodotypos scandens Rosaceae Jetbead shrub introduced -
Rhus aromatica var. arenaria Anacardiaceae Beach sumac shrub native -
Rhus aromatica var. aromatica Anacardiaceae Fragrant sumac shrub native -
Rhus aromatica var. serotina Anacardiaceae Fragrant sumac shrub native -
Rhus copallina Anacardiaceae Winged sumac tree or shrub native -
Rhus glabra Anacardiaceae Smooth sumac tree or shrub native -
Rhus typhina Anacardiaceae Staghorn sumac tree or shrub native -
Ribes americanum Grossulariaceae Wild black current shrub native -
Ribes cynosbati Grossulariaceae Prickly gooseberry shrub native -
Ribes hirtellum Grossulariaceae Northern gooseberry shrub native endangered
Ribes missouriense Grossulariaceae Missouri gooseberry shrub native -
Ribes nigrum Grossulariaceae Black current shrub introduced -
Ribes odoratum Grossulariaceae Buffalo current shrub introduced -
Ribes rubrum Grossulariaceae Red current shrub introduced -
Robinia hispida Fabaceae Bristly locust shrub introduced -
Robinia pseudoacacia Fabaceae Black locust tree native -
Robinia viscosa Fabaceae Clammy locust tree or shrub introduced -
Rosa acicularis Rosaceae Prickly rose shrub native endangered
Rosa arkansana Rosaceae Lunell's rose shrub introduced -
Rosa blanda Rosaceae Meadow rose shrub native -
Rosa canina Rosaceae Dog rose shrub introduced -
Rosa carolina var. carolina Rosaceae Pasture rose shrub native -
Rosa carolina var. villosa Rosaceae Pasture rose shrub native -
Rosa eglanteria Rosaceae Sweet-brier shrub introduced -
Rosa gallica Rosaceae French rose shrub introduced -
Rosa micrantha Rosaceae Small sweet-brier shrub introduced -
Rosa moschata Rosaceae Musk rose shrub introduced -
Rosa multiflora Rosaceae Multiflora rose shrub introduced -
Rosa palustris Rosaceae Swamp rose shrub native -
Rosa rubrifolia Rosaceae Red-leaved rose shrub introduced -
Rosa rugosa Rosaceae Rugose rose shrub introduced -
Rosa setigera var. setigera Rosaceae Prairie rose shrub native -
Rosa setigera var. tomentosa Rosaceae Prairie rose shrub native -
Rosa spinosissima Rosaceae Scotch rose shrub introduced -
Rosa suffulta Rosaceae Sunshine rose shrub native -
Rosa wichuriana Rosaceae Memorial rose shrub introduced -
Rubus allegheniensis Rosaceae Common blackberry shrub native -
Rubus alumnus Rosaceae Blackberry shrub native -
Rubus argutus Rosaceae Highbush blackberry shrub native -
Rubus discolor Rosaceae Himalaya-berry shrub introduced -
Rubus enslenii Rosaceae Arching dewberry shrub native -
Rubus flagellaris Rosaceae Dewberry shrub native -
Rubus frondosus Rosaceae Blackberry shrub native -
Rubus hispidus Rosaceae Swamp dewberry shrub native -
Rubus idaeus Rosaceae European raspberry shrub introduced -
Rubus laciniatus Rosaceae Cut-leaved blackberry shrub introduced -
Rubus occidentalis Rosaceae Black raspberry shrub native -
Rubus odoratus Rosaceae Flowering raspberry shrub native endangered
Rubus pensylvanicus Rosaceae Blackberry shrub native -
Rubus phoenicolasius Rosaceae Wineberry shrub introduced -
Rubus pubescens Rosaceae Dwarf raspberry shrub native threatened
Rubus roribaccus Rosaceae Velvet-leaved dewberry shrub native -
Rubus setosus Rosaceae Bristly blackberry shrub native endangered
Rubus strigosus Rosaceae Red raspberry shrub native -
Rubus trivalis Rosaceae Southern dewberry shrub native -
Salix alba var. alba Salicaceae White willow tree introduced -
Salix alba var. calva Salicaceae White willow tree introduced -
Salix alba var. vitellina Salicaceae White willow tree introduced -
Salix amygdaloides Salicaceae Peach-leaved willow tree native -
Salix babylonica Salicaceae Weeping willow tree introduced -
Salix bebbiana Salicaceae Beaked willow tree or shrub native -
Salix candida Salicaceae Hoary willow shrub native -
Salix caprea Salicaceae Goat willow tree or shrub introduced -
Salix caroliniana Salicaceae Carolina willow tree native -
Salix discolor Salicaceae Pussy willow tree native -
Salix eriocephala Salicaceae Willow tree native -
Salix exigua Salicaceae Sandbar willow shrub native -
Salix fragilis Salicaceae Crack willow tree introduced -
Salix glaucophylloides var. glaucophylla Salicaceae Blue-leaf willow shrub native -
Salix humilis var. humilis Salicaceae Prairie willow shrub native -
Salix humilis var. hyporhysa Salicaceae Prairie willow shrub native -
Salix humilis var. microphylla Salicaceae Sage willow shrub native -
Salix lucida Salicaceae Shinning willow tree or shrub native -
Salix nigra Salicaceae Black willow tree native -
Salix pedicellaris var. hypoglauca Salicaceae Bog willow shrub native -
Salix pentandra Salicaceae Laurel willow tree or shrub introduced -
Salix petiolaris Salicaceae Meadow willow shrub native -
Salix purpurea Salicaceae Purple osier shrub introduced -
Salix rigida Salicaceae Heart-leaved willow shrub native -
Salix sericea Salicaceae Silky willow tree or shrub native -
Salix serissima Salicaceae Autumn willow shrub native endangered
Salix syrticola Salicaceae Dune willow shrub native endangered
Salix x myricoides Salicaceae Willow shrub native -
Salix x subsericea Salicaceae Willow shrub native -
Sambucus canadensis Caprifoliaceae Elderberry shrub native -
Sambucus pubens Caprifoliaceae Red-berried elder shrub native -
Sassafras albidum var. albidum Lauraceae Sassafras tree native -
Sassafras albidum var. molle Lauraceae Red sassafras tree native -
Shepherdia canadensis Elaeagnaceae Buffalo-berry shrub native endangered
Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox Liliaceae Catbrier woody vine native -
Smilax bona-nox var. hederaefolia Liliaceae Catbrier woody vine native -
Smilax glauca var. glauca Liliaceae Catbrier woody vine native -
Smilax glauca var. leurophylla Liliaceae Catbrier woody vine native -
Smilax hispida Liliaceae Bristly greenbrier woody vine native -
Smilax rotundifolia Liliaceae Catbrier woody vine native -
Sorbus americana Rosaceae American mountain-ash tree native endangered
Sorbus aucuparia Rosaceae European mountain-ash tree introduced -
Spiraea alba Rosaceae Meadowsweet shrub native -
Spiraea japonica Rosaceae Japanese spirea shrub introduced -
Spiraea latifolia Rosaceae Meadowsweet shrub introduced -
Spiraea prunifolia Rosaceae Bridalwreath shrub introduced -
Spiraea tomentosa Rosaceae Hardhack shrub native -
Staphylea trifolia Staphyleaceae Bladdernut shrub native -
Styrax americana Styracaceae Storax shrub native threatened
Styrax grandifolia Styracaceae Bigleaf snowbell bush shrub native endangered
Symphoricarpos albus var. albus Caprifoliaceae Common snowberry shrub native endangered
Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus Caprifoliaceae Common snowberry shrub introduced -
Symphoricarpos occidentalis Caprifoliaceae Western snowberry shrub native -
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Caprifoliaceae Coralberry shrub native -
Syringa vulgaris Oleaceae Common lilac shrub introduced -
Tamarix gallica Tamaricaceae French tamarisk tree or shrub introduced -
Taxodium distichum Taxodiaceae Bald cypress tree native -
Taxus canadensis Taxaceae Canada yew shrub native -
Thuja occidentalis Cupressaceae Eastern arborvitae tree native threatened
Thymus praecox Lamiaceae Creeping thyme shrub introduced -
Tilia americana var. americana Tiliaceae American basswood tree native -
Tilia americana var. neglecta Tiliaceae American basswood tree native -
Tilia heterophylla Tiliaceae White basswood tree native endangered
Toxicodendron radicans Anacardiaceae Poison ivy S/ L native -
Toxicodendron toxicarum Anacardiaceae Poison oak woody vine introduced -
Toxicodendron vernix Anacardiaceae Poison sumac shrub native -
Trachelospermum difforme Apocynaceae Climbing dogbane woody vine native -
Ulmus alata Ulmaceae Winged elm tree native -
Ulmus americana Ulmaceae American elm tree native -
Ulmus procera Ulmaceae English elm tree introduced -
Ulmus pumila Ulmaceae Siberian elm tree or shrub introduced -
Ulmus rubra Ulmaceae Slippery elm tree native -
Ulmus thomasii Ulmaceae Rock elm tree native endangered
Vaccinium angustifolium Ericaceae Low-bush blueberry shrub native -
Vaccinium arboreum var. arboreum Ericaceae Farkleberry shrub native -
Vaccinium arboreum var. glaucescens Ericaceae Farkleberry shrub native -
Vaccinium corymbosum Ericaceae Highbush blueberry shrub native endangered
Vaccinium macrocarpon Ericaceae American cranberry shrub native endangered
Vaccinium myrtilloides Ericaceae Canada blueberry shrub native -
Vaccinium oxycoccus Ericaceae Small cranberry shrub native endangered
Vaccinium pallidum Ericaceae Low-bush blueberry shrub native -
Vaccinium stramineum Ericaceae Deerberry shrub native extirpated
Viburnum acerifolium Caprifoliaceae Maple-leaved arrowwood shrub native -
Viburnum dentatum var. deamii Caprifoliaceae Southern arrowwood shrub native -
Viburnum lantana Caprifoliaceae Wayfaring tree tree or shrub introduced -
Viburnum lentago Caprifoliaceae Nannyberry tree or shrub native -
Viburnum molle Caprifoliaceae Arrowwood shrub native endangered
Viburnum opulus Caprifoliaceae European Cranberry-bush shrub introduced -
Viburnum prunifolium Caprifoliaceae Black haw tree or shrub native -
Viburnum rafinesquianum Caprifoliaceae Downy arrowwood shrub native -
Viburnum recognitum Caprifoliaceae Smooth arrowwood shrub native -
Viburnum rufidulum Caprifoliaceae Rusty nannyberry tree or shrub native -
Viburnum trilobum Caprifoliaceae American cranberry-bush shrub native -
Vitis aestivalis var. aestivalis Vitaceae Summer grape woody vine native -
Vitis aestivalis var. argentifolia Vitaceae Silver-leaved grape woody vine native -
Vitis cinerea Vitaceae Winter grape woody vine native -
Vitis labrusca Vitaceae Fox grape woody vine introduced -
Vitis palmata Vitaceae Catbird grape woody vine native -
Vitis riparia var. praecox Vitaceae Riverbank grape woody vine native -
Vitis riparia var. riparia Vitaceae Riverbank grape woody vine native -
Vitis riparia var. styricola Vitaceae Riverbank grape woody vine native -
Vitis rupestris Vitaceae Sand grape woody vine native -
Vitis vulpina Vitaceae Frost grape woody vine native -
Wisteria frutescens Fabaceae American wisteria woody vine native -
Zanthoxylum americanum Rutaceae Prickly-ash tree or shrub native -

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