- Locality Information for Sites Surveyed in September 1999 -

1999 surveys for aquatic oligochaetes and other macroinvertebrates were conducted by M.J. Wetzel and M.A. Peggy Morgan on 23-26 September. One spring site and eleven stream sites in the Park were surveyed during this visit.

Locality information, presented below for each site surveyed in 1999, is taken from current editions of USGS topographic quadrangle maps (USGS tqm). UTM = Universal Transverse Mercator System coordinates. Latitude and longitude coordinates for the 1999 collections are reported in degrees, minutes, and seconds; these coordinates will be converted to decimal degrees as time permits. Coordinates obtained with GPS units are checked against information presented on the topographic quadrangle maps, then verified using TopoZone.com prior to entry into fields in the project database. Annual changes in declination may affect accuracy of coordinates presented here when using TopoZone interactively with this site [range of variance: 20-50m]. Elevation (water level of stream, or at spring outflow) is expressed in feet above mean sea level (MSL). Habitat characterizations, site photographs, and values for field water quality parameters monitored at each site during the biological survey will be posted here soon.

Information pertaining to the processing of these samples is linked from "Progress" in the navigation footer at the bottom of this webpage. This work was summarized in a project report (Wetzel 1999) submitted to DLIA for presentation at their annual meeting in Gatlinburg, TN, 8-10 December 1999.

The acronym "GRSM" is the four-letter code used by the National Park Service in reference to the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, and will be used in text of throughout this website for all references to the Park and to their employees; I shall continue to use my own acronym "AOGSMNP" in the URL of this website, and GSMNP in our sampling site coding.


GSMNP1999-01. North Carolina, Swain Co., Noland Creek, 5.3 mi (8.5 km) NW Bryson City, 40-100m downstream (SSW) Lake View Drive bridge, in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Latitude: 35°27'29" North, Longitude: 083°31'40" West. UTM: Zone 17, 0270625m East, 3926590m North. Elevation: 1,785'. Noland Creek, N.C. (7.5' series, 1961 edition, photorevised 1978; NAD 1927) USGS tqm. 23 September 1999. Collectors.: M.J. Wetzel (#1999-39) (INHS), M.A. Peggy Morgan (FDEP).
TopoZone.Com map location URL for this site on Noland Creek:
http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?z=17&n=3926590&e=270625&s=25
Aquatic Oligochaeta present: unidentifed Lumbriculidae.

GSMNP1999-02. North Carolina, Swain Co., Deep Creek, 2.35 mi (3.8 km) NNE Bryson City, at picnic area, along west side Deep Creek, 250m upstream main road bridge; in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Latitude: 35°27'40" North, Longitude: 083°26'12" West. UTM: Zone 17, 0278930m East, 3926680m North. Elevation: 1,780'. Bryson City, N.C. (7.5' series, 1961 edition, photorevised 1978; NAD 1927) USGS tqm. 23 September 1999. Colls.: M.J. Wetzel (#1999-40) (INHS), M.A. Peggy Morgan (FDEP).
TopoZone.Com map location URL for this site on Deep Creek:
http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?z=17&n=3926679&e=278929&s=25
Aquatic Oligochaeta present: Slavina appendiculata, Nais behningi; unident. Lumbriculidae; uiw/occ.

GSMNP1999-03. North Carolina, Swain Co., Tom Branch, 2.8 mi (4.5 km) NNE Bryson City, 10-35m downstream gravel road culvert (approx. 1 mi ENE Deep Creek picnic area); in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Latitude: 35°27'55" North, Longitude: 083°25'35" West. UTM: Zone 17, 0279790m East, 3927240m North. Elevation: 1,980'. Bryson City, N.C. (7.5' series, 1961 edition, photorevised 1978; NAD 1927) USGS tqm. 23 September 1999. Colls.: M.J. Wetzel (#1999-41) (INHS), M.A. Peggy Morgan (FDEP).
TopoZone.Com map location URL for this site on Tom Branch:
http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?z=17&n=3927239&e=279789&s=25
Aquatic oligochaetes absent from this collection; several terrestrial megadrile worms collected from this site.

GSMNP1999-04. Tennessee, Sevier Co., Roaring Fork, 2.9 mi (4.7 km) ESE Gatlinburg, 10-60m downstream 1st bridge (most upstream) crossing of Cherokee Orchard Road / Roaring Fork Motor Nature Trail (one-way, counterclockwise), just N of old cemetery, near old cabins and Grapeyard Ridge trailhead; in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Latitude: 35°41'30" North, Longitude: 083°28'00" West. Elevation: 2,400'. UTM: Zone 17, 0276790m East, 3952675m North. Mount Le Conte, TENN. - N.C. (7.5' series, 1964 edition; NAD 1927) USGS tqm. 24 September 1999. Colls.: M.J. Wetzel (#1999-42) (INHS), M.A. Peggy Morgan (FDEP).
TopoZone.Com map location URL for this site on Roaring Fork:
http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?z=17&n=3952674&e=276789&s=25
Aquatic oligochaetes present: unident. Lumbriculidae, Nais communis; several terrestrial megadrile worms also collected from this site.

GSMNP1999-05A, -05B. Tennessee, Sevier Co., Greenbrier Spring and springrun, 3.45 mi (5.5 km) SSE Pinnacle (small town east of Gatlinburg); also, 2.15 mi / 3.5 km SE Greenbrier Ranger station, near Greenbrier picnic pavilion, along Little Pigeon River gravel road; in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Latitude: 35°42'10" North, Longitude: 083°23'12" West. UTM: Zone 17, 284040m East, 3953410m North. Elevation: 1,780'. Mount Le Conte, TENN. - N.C. (7.5' series, 1964 edition; NAD 1927) USGS tqm. 24 September 1999. Colls.: M.J. Wetzel (#1999-43A, 43B) (INHS), M.A. Peggy Morgan (FDEP).
TopoZone.Com map location URL for this site at Greenbrier Spring and springrun:
http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?z=17&n=3953409&e=284039&s=25
Aquatic Oligochaeta present.

GSMNP1999-06. Tennessee, Sevier Co., Little Pigeon River, 1 mi (1.6 km) SSE Pinnacle (town east of Gatlinburg); also, 0.35 mi / 0.56 km NW Greenbrier Ranger station, near 'the notch' gravel parking area, along the Little Pigeon River road; in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Latitude: 35°44'59" North, Longitude: 083°24'38" West. Elevation: 1,395'. UTM: Zone 17, 0281950m East, 3956850m North. Mount Le Conte, TENN. - N.C. (7.5' series, 1964 edition; NAD 1927) USGS tqm. 24 September 1999. Colls.: M.J. Wetzel (#1999-44) (INHS), M.A. Peggy Morgan (FDEP).
TopoZone.Com map location URL for this site on The Little Pigeon River:
http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?z=17&n=3956849&e=281949&s=25
Aquatic Oligochaeta present: unidentified Lumbriculidae.

GSMNP1999-07. Tennessee, Blount Co., Laurel Creek, 3 mi (4.8 km) SE Townsend, along north side Laurel Creek Road to Cades Cove (1.25 mi SSW intersection with road to Townsend); WSW Tremont Ranger station, in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Latitude: 35°38'32" North, Longitude: 083°42'55" West. UTM: Zone 17, 0254140m East, 3947480m North. Elevation: 1,360'. Wear Cove, TENN. (7.5' series, 1953 edition, photorevised 1974) USGS tqm. 25 September 1999. Colls.: M.J. Wetzel (#1999-45) (INHS), M.A. Peggy Morgan (FDEP).
TopoZone.Com map location URL for this site on Laurel Creek:
http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?z=17&n=3947479&e=254139&s=25
Aquatic Oligochaeta (unident. Lumbriculidae; Naididae: Nais simplex, Slavina appendiculata) and Hirudinea present.

GSMNP1999-08. Tennessee, Blount Co., Forge Creek, 3.35 mi (5.4 km) SSW Cades Cove (historical village), at S edge of Gregory Ridge trailhead parking area / Forge Creek road loop, just past the turnoff to Parson Branch Road (one-way to south), in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Latitude: 35°33'40" North, Longitude: 083°50'45" West. UTM: Zone 17, 0242060m East, 3938920m North. Elevation: 1,940'. Cades Cove, TENN. - N.C. (7.5' series, 1964 edition, photoinspected 1976; NAD 1927) USGS tqm. 25 September 1999. Colls.: M.J. Wetzel (#1999-46) (INHS), M.A. Peggy Morgan (FDEP).
TopoZone.Com map location URL for this site on Forge Creek:
http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?z=17&n=3938920&e=242060&s=25
Aquatic Oligochaeta present; Branchiobdellida specimens present, taken from crayfishes (Cambarus longirostrisand Cambarus bartonii bartonii) collected from this site. I thank Christopher A. Taylor (INHS ichthyologist and crustacean systematist) for providing these crayfish identifications.

GSMNP1999-09. Tennessee, Blount Co., Parson Branch, 3.85 mi (6.2 km) E Calderwood (BM 877); south of Cades Cove, along E side Parson Branch Road (one-way to south), 0.5 mi NE US Rt 129 / TN Rts 72, 115); 400m downstream confluence of Black Gum Branch / Bible Creek, across road from small gravel parking area; in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Latitude: 35°30'12" North, Longitude: 083°55'42" West. UTM: Zone 17, 0234400m East, 3932600m North. Elevation: 1,510'. Calderwood, TENN. (7.5' series, 1964 edition; NAD 1927) USGS tqm. 25 September 1999. Colls.: M.J. Wetzel (#1999-47) (INHS), M.A. Morgan (FDEP).
TopoZone.Com map location URL for this site on Parson Branch:
http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?z=17&n=3932599&e=234399&s=25
Aquatic oligochaeta present: unidentified Lumbriculidae, Tubificidae: Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri; and Hirudinea present; several terrestrial megadrile worms also collected from this site.

GSMNP1999-10. North Carolina, Swain Co., Oconaluftee River, 0.6 mi (0.97 km) NW Smokemont Horse Camp bridge, along E side Hwy 441 / Newfound Gap Road (also, 0.4 mi WNW BM 2199, or 300m SW Bradley Cemetery), N of Cherokee; in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Latitude: 35°33'23" North, Longitude: 083°19'15" West. UTM: Zone 17, 0289860m East, 3937070m North. Elevation: 2,206'. Smokemont, N.C. (7.5' series, 1964 edition, photoinspected 1987; NAD 1927) USGS tqm. 26 September 1999. Colls.: M.J. Wetzel (#1999-48) (INHS), M.A. Peggy Morgan (FDEP).
TopoZone.Com map location URL for this site on the Oconaluftee River:
http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?z=17&n=3937069&e=289859&s=25
Aquatic Oligochaeta (unidentified Lumbriculidae; Naididae: Nais behningi, Pristina jenkinae; Tubificidae: Rhyacodrilus subterraneus) present.

GSMNP1999-11. North Carolina, Swain Co., Collins Creek, 1.7 mi (2.7 km) NW Smokemont Horse Camp (BM 2199), north side of Collins Creek picnic area at 'elbow' of creek (just west of Hwy 441/Newfound Gap Road); in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Latitude: 35°34'05" North, Longitude: 083°20"13' West. UTM: Zone 17, 0288200m East, 3938290m North. Elevation: 2,405'. Smokemont, N.C. (7.5' series, 1964 edition, photoinspected 1987; NAD 1927) USGS tqm. 26 September 1999. Colls.: M.J. Wetzel (#1999-49) (INHS), M.A. Peggy Morgan (FDEP).
TopoZone.Com map location URL for this site on Collins Creek:
http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?z=17&n=3938290&e=288200&s=25
Aquatic Oligochaeta present: unidentified Lumbriculidae, unidentified Enchytraeidae.

GSMNP1999-12. Tennessee, Sevier Co., Alum Cave Creek, 6.8 mi (10.9 km) SE Gatlinburg [also, 1 mi / 1.6 km ESE "The Loop" (BM 3498) of Hwy 441], 30-70m upstream footbridge on Alum Cave Trail (to Alum Cave and Mt. Le Conte) (also, 130m upstream confluence Alum Cave Creek with Walker Camp Prong), just east of Hwy 441 / Newfound Gap Road; in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Latitude: 35°37'46" North, Longitude: 083°27'08" West. UTM: Zone 17, 0278100m East, 3945440m North. Elevation: 3,830'. Mount Le Conte, TENN. - N.C. (7.5' series, 1964 edition; NAD 1927) USGS tqm. 26 September 1999. Colls.: M.J. Wetzel (#1999-50) (INHS), M.A. Peggy Morgan (FDEP).
TopoZone.Com map location URL for this site on Alum Cave Creek:
http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?z=17&n=3945439&e=278099&s=25
Aquatic Oligochaeta present.


I encourage you to visit the Discover Life in America, Inc. (DLIA) website for additional information on the All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory (ATBI) program, the administrative staff of DLIA, summaries of ongoing research, and opportunities for public involvement in research and education in the Park. Please Note: The new DLIA / ATBI website has been expanded extensively over the last year; please visit and familiarize yourself with its own 'virtual' diversity of information and resources!


page update: 3 September 2006
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