2002 NABS BIBLIOGRAPHY - ANNELIDA

For 2001

Acanthobdellida, Aphanoneura, Branchiobdellida, Oligochaeta, Polychaeta, Miscellaneous Annelida, and Hirudinea


Prepared by Mark J. Wetzel, Illinois Natural History Survey, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1816 S. Oak Street, 1021 Forbes Natural History Building, MC-652, Champaign, Illinois 61820. Telephone: (217) 244-2108 (with voicemail); FAX: (217) 244-0729; *E-mail: mjwetzel{AT}illinois.edu

The section on Hirudinida was compiled by Dr. Donald J. Klemm, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Ecological Exposure Research Division, Ecosystems Research Branch, 26 W. Martin Luther King Dr. - MS 642, Cincinnati, OH 45268 USA; Phone: (513) 569-7090; FAX: (513) 569-7609; *E-mail address: klemm.donald{AT}epa.gov
and
Dr. William E. Moser -- Smithsonian Institution, Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Museum Support Center, MRC 534, 4210 Silver Hill Road, Suitland, MD 20746 USA; Phone: (301) 238-1761; FAX: (202) 357-3043; *E-Mail: moserw{AT}si.edu



* The '@' symbol in in the E-mail addresses on this page have been replaced with '{AT}' to deter the 'mining' of these webpages by spammers who use programs to collect valid E-mail addresses; a study released by the Federal Trade Commission found that 86% of the E-mail addresses posted on webpages and 'shared' by internet news-groups eventually are included on lists that are used, sold, and / or exchanged by spammers.
-> You must replace the '{AT}' with the '@' symbol so that your E-mail message can be sent and received.

Researchers should send reprints of their papers to Mark, Don, and Bill to ensure that they are included accurately in future bibliographies. The reprints are greatly appreciated.

This bibliography was published in September 2002 by the North American Benthological Society in "Current and Selected Bibliographies on Benthic Biology - 2001."


Citations for aquatic Annelida will be split into the following groupings for the convenience of researchers: Acanthobdellida, Aphanoneura, Branchiobdellida, Oligochaeta, selected Polychaeta, Miscellaneous Annelida (Archiannelida, Echiura, Pogonophora, Sipunculida, and Vestimentifera), and Hirudinea. Several papers focusing on terrestrial annelids also have been included. Papers discussing taxa from more than one of the above groups will be included in each of those groups below. Researchers should send reprints of their papers to me to ensure that they are included accurately in future bibliographies. Please report inaccuracies to me (*E-mail address: mjwetzel[AT]uiuc.edu). Suggestions are welcome. The present format reflects comments received from colleagues.

Most citations are followed by one or more numbers and letters in brackets [ ]. Numbers designate the taxonomic level of annelid identification: 1 = phylum, class, ordinal, or familial level of identification; 2 = generic or specific level of identification; 3 = new description, revision, re-description, or systematic work.

Letters indicate the following: A = Aphanoneura; Ac = Acanthobdellida; B = Branchiobdellida; bib = bibliography; C = cytology; D = description; E = ecology; F = faunistic, or distributional information; G = general; H = Hirudinea; K = key provided; M = methods, such as analysis, collection, or processing information; O = Oligochaeta; P = Polychaeta; Ph = physiology; R = revision; Rvw = review; TMS = taxonomy, morphology, and / or systematics; X = toxicology; xO = interesting paper, but oligochaetes not discussed.

A number followed by a hyphen (-) and a letter indicates the level of identification for that letter group, e.g., [2-O] = species level of identification for Oligochaeta; [3-B] = new species, revision, or redescription of Branchiobdellida. Citations followed by an asterisk (*) were downloaded from one or more bibliographic databases but have not been verified for accuracy. Unless otherwise noted, all papers are written in English; many include one or more foreign language abstracts or summaries.

Other bibliographies for Annelida published annually by the North American Benthological Society in "Current and Selected Bibliographies on Benthic Biology" and available via the World Wide Web can be obtained at the following addresses:


Additional information relating to the study of aquatic Annelida can be obtained via The INHS Center for Annelida Resources. There, you will also find current information on upcoming as well as recently convened conferences, meetings, and symposia focusing on Annelida and other aquatic resources.


ACANTHOBDELLIDA

Martin, P. 2001. On the origin of the Hirudinea and the demise of the Oligochaeta. Proceedings of The Royal Society of London 268: 1089-1098. [2,E,F,TMS].

Rota, E.; Martin, P.; Erséus, C. 2001. Soil-dwelling polychaetes: enigmatic as ever? Some hints on their phylogenetic relationships as suggested by a maximum parsimony analysis of 18S rRNA gene sequences. Contributions to Zoology 70(3): 127-138. [2,M,TMS].

Siddall, M.E.; Apakupakul, K.; Burreson, E.M.; Coates, K.A.; Erséus, C.; Gelder, S.R.; Källersjö, M.; Trapido-Rosenthal, H. 2001. Validating Livanow: Molecular data agree that leeches, branchiobdellidans, and Acanthobdella peledina form a monophyletic group of oligochaetes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 21(3): 346-351. [2,3,M,TMS].


APHANONEURA

Armendariz, L.C.; Cesar, I.I. 2001. The distribution and ecology of littoral Oligochaeta and Aphanoneura (Annelida) of the Natural and Historical Reserve of Isla Martin Garcia, Rio de la Plata River, Argentina. Hydrobiologia 463: 207-216. [2,E,F].

Martin, P. 2001. On the origin of the Hirudinea and the demise of the Oligochaeta. Proceedings of The Royal Society of London 268: 1089-1098. [2,E,F,TMS].

Pinder, A.M.; Halse, S.A.; Shiel, R.J., McRae, J.M. 2000. Granite outcrop pools in south-western Australia: foci of diversification and refugia for aquatic invertebrates. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 83: 149-161. [2,E,F].

Ratsak, C.H. 2001. Effects of Nais elinguis on the performance of an activated sludge plant. Hydrobiologia 463: 217-222. [2,E,Ph].

Reeves, W.K. 2001. Invertebrate and slime mold cavernicoles of Santee Cave, South Carolina, U.S.A. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 151:81-85. [2,E,F].

Rota, E.; Martin, P.; Erséus, C. 2001. Soil-dwelling polychaetes: enigmatic as ever? Some hints on their phylogenetic relationships as suggested by a maximum parsimony analysis of 18S rRNA gene sequences. Contributions to Zoology 70(3): 127-138. [2,M,TMS].

Schenková, J.; Komárek, O.; Zahrádková, S. 2001. The plausibility of using Oligochaeta to evaluate running waters in the Czech Republic. Scripta Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. Masaryk. Brun. 27 (Suppl. 2001, Biology): 173-187. [2,E,F,M].

Schenková, J.; Komárek, O.; Zahrádková, S. 2001. Oligochaeta of the Morava and Odra River basins (Czech Republic): species distribution and community composition. Hydrobiologia 463: 235-240. [2,E,F,M].

Strayer, D.L. 2001. Ecology and distribution of hyporheic microannelids (Oligochaeta, Aphanoneura, and Polychaeta) from the eastern United States. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 151(3): 493-510. [2,E,F,TMS].


BRANCHIOBDELLIDA

Gelder, S.R. 2001. Professor Perry C. Holt, PhD (1910-1999). Hydrobiologia 463: xxi-xxiii. [bib].

Gelder, S.R.; Ferraguti, M. 2001. Diversity of spermatozoan morphology in two families of Branchiobdellida (Annelida: Clitellata) from North America. Canadian Journal of Zoology 79: 1380-1393. [2,C,D,M,Ph,TMS].

Gelder, S.R.; Siddall, M.E. 2001. Phylogenetic assessment of the Branchiobdellidae (Annelida, Clitellata) using 18S rDNA, mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I and morphological characters. Zoologica Scripta 30(3): 215-222. [2,M,TMS].

Martin, P. 2001. On the origin of the Hirudinea and the demise of the Oligochaeta. Proceedings of The Royal Society of London 268: 1089-1098. [2,E,F,TMS].

Rota, E.; Martin, P.; Erséus, C. 2001. Soil-dwelling polychaetes: enigmatic as ever? Some hints on their phylogenetic relationships as suggested by a maximum parsimony analysis of 18S rRNA gene sequences. Contributions to Zoology 70(3): 127-138. [2,M,TMS].

Siddall, M.E.; Apakupakul, K.; Burreson, E.M.; Coates, K.A.; Erséus, C.; Gelder, S.R.; Källersjö, M.; Trapido-Rosenthal, H. 2001. Validating Livanow: Molecular data agree that leeches, branchiobdellidans, and Acanthobdella peledina form a monophyletic group of oligochaetes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 21(3): 346-351. [2,3,M,TMS].

Timm, T.; Seire, A.; Pall, P. 2001. Half a century of oligochaete research in Estonian running waters. Hydrobiologia 463: 223-234. [2,E,F].


OLIGOCHAETA

Aguiar, F.C.; Ferreira, M.T.; Pinto, P. 2002. Relative influence of environmental variables on macroinvertebrate assemblages from an Iberian basin. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 21(1): 43-53. [1,E,F].

Amisah, S.; Cowx, I.G. 2000. Impacts of abandoned mine and Industrial discharges on fish abundance and macroinvertebrate diversity of the Upper River Don in South Yorkshire, UK. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 15(2): 237-250. [1,E,F].

Armendariz, L.C.; Cesar, I.I. 2001. The distribution and ecology of littoral Oligochaeta and Aphanoneura (Annelida) of the Natural and Historical Reserve of Isla Martin Garcia, Rio de la Plata River, Argentina. Hydrobiologia 463: 207-216. [2,E,F].

Bass, D.; Potts, C. 2001. Invertebrate community composition and physicochemical conditions of Boehler Lake, Atoka County, Oklahoma. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 81: 21-29. [2,E,F].

Battle, J.M.; Golladay, S.W. 2002. Aquatic invertebrates in hardwood depressions of southwest Georgia. Southeastern Naturalist 1(2): 149-158. [1,E,].

Bauer, R.; Worland, M.R.; Block, W. 2001. Experimental studies on cold survival of enchytraeid cocoons. Pedobiologia 45(6): 561-571. [2,E,Ph].*

Beauchamp, K.A.; Kathman, R.D.; McDowell, T.S.; Hedrick, R.P. 2001. Molecular phylogeny of tubificid oligochaetes with special emphasis on Tubifex tubifex (Tubificidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 19(2): 216-224. [2,E,M,Ph,TMS].

Beavan, L.; Sadler, J.; Pinder, C. 2001. The invertebrate fauna of a physically modified urban river. Hydrobiologia 445 (1-3): 97-108. [2,E,F].

Blakemore, R. 1998. Retrovescus, a new genus of opisthogastric earthworm from Tasmania. Invertebrate Taxonomy 12: 655-665. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Blakemore, R.J. 1997. Re-description of two new earthworms (Megascolecidae: Oligochaeta) from Rennell, Solomon Islands. Journal of Natural History 31: 17-25. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Blakemore, R.J. 2000. Native earthworms (Oligochaeta) from southeastern Australia, with the description of fifteen new species. Records of the Australian Museum 52: 187-222. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Boi, S.; Fascio, U.; Ferraguti, M. 2001. Nuclear fragmentation characterises paraspermiogenesis in Tubifex tubifex (Annelida, Oligochaeta). Molecular Reproduction and Development 59: 442-450. [2,C,M,Ph,TMS].

Boi, S.; Ferraguti, M. 2001. Temporal pattern of the double sperm line production in Tubifex tubifex (Annelida, Oligochaeta). Hydrobiologia 463: 103-106. [2,M,Ph,TMS].

Boyero, L.; Bailey, R.C. 2001. Organization of macroinvertebrate communities at a hierarchy of spatial scales in a tropical stream. Hydrobiologia 464 (1-3): 219-225. [1,E,F].

Bruns, E.; Egeler, P.; Roembke, J.; Scheffczyk, A.; Spoerlein, P. 2001. Bioaccumulation of lindane and hexachlorobenzene by the oligochaetes Enchytraeus luxuriosus and Enchytraeus albidus (Enchytraeidae, Oligochaeta, Annelida). Hydrobiologia 463: 185-196. [2,E,M,Ph,X].

Brust, K.; Licht, O.; Hultsch, V.; Jungmann, D.; Nagel, R. 2001. Effects of terbutryn on Aufwuchs and Lumbriculus variegatus in artificial indoor streams. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 20(9): 2000-2007. [2,E,Ph,X].

Burela, S.; Cazzaniga, N.J. 2001. Earthworms from southern Buenos Aires province, Argentina. Megadrilogica 8(9): 49-52. [2,E,F].

Burgherr, P.; Ward, J.V. 2001. Zoobenthos of kryal and lake outlet biotopes in a glacial flood plain. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie - Proceedings of the International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology 27(3): 1587-1590. [1,E,F].

Carter, J.L.; Fend, S.V. 2001. Inter-annual changes in the benthic community structure of riffles and pools in reaches of contrasting gradient. Hydrobiologia 459 (1-3): 187-200. [1,E,F].

Carter, J.L.; Resh, V.H. 2001. After site selection and before data analysis: sampling, sorting, and laboratory procedures used in stream benthic macroinvertebrate monitoring programs by USA state agencies. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 20(4): 658-682. [1,M].

Chaloner, D.T.; Wipfli, M.S.; Caouette, J.P. 2002. Mass loss and macroinvertebrate colonisation of Pacific salmon carcasses in south-eastern Alaskan streams. Freshwater Biology 47(2): 263-273. [1,E,F].

Chapman, P.M. 2001. Utility and relevance of aquatic oligochaetes in Ecological Risk Assessment. Hydrobiologia 463: 149-169. [2,E,M,Ph,X].

Cheruvelil, K.S.; Soranno, P.A.; Madsen, J.D.; Roberson, M.J. 2002. Plant architecture and epiphytic macroinvertebrate communities: the role of an exotic dissected macrophyte. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 21(2): 261-277. [1,E,F].

Christensen, B.; Pedersen, B.V.; Hvilsom, M.M. 2002. Persisting clone pool differences in sexual/asexual Buchholzia appendiculata (Enchytraeidae, Oligochaeta) as revealed by genetic markers. Pedobiologia 46(1): 90-99. [2,E,M,TMS].*

Christoffersen, M.L. 2001. Some personal memories of Dr Gilberto Righi (1937-1999). Hydrobiologia 463: xix.

Coates, K.A.; Sorocco, D.A.; Maturen, N.; Bilewitch, J.; Thompson, A. 2001. Mysterious crystals: found attached to the epidermal peritoneum of marine tubificid (Annelida, Clitellata) species. Hydrobiologia 463: 115-122. [2,M,Ph,TMS].

Cole, L.; Bardgett, R.D.; Ineson, P.; Hobbs, P.J. 2002. Enchytraeid worm (Oligochaeta) influences on microbial community structure, nutrient dynamics and plant growth in blanket peat subjected to warming. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 34(1): 83-92. [1,E,Ph].*

Colgan, D.J.; Hutchings, P.A.; Brown, S. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships within the Terebellomorpha. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 81(5): 765-773. [2,M,TMS].*

Collado, R.; Schmelz, R.M. 2001. Descriptions of three Pristina species (Naididae, Clitellata) from Amazonian forest soils, including P. marcusi sp. nov. Hydrobiologia 463: 1-11. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Crenshaw, C.L.; Valett, H.M.; Tank, J.L. 2002. Effects of coarse particulate organic matter on fungal biomass and invertebrate density in the subsurface of a headwater stream. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 21(1): 28-42. [1,E,F].

Cuadrado, S.; Martinez-Ansemil, E. 2001. External structures used during attachment and sperm transfer in tubificids (Annelida, Oligochaeta). Hydrobiologia 463: 107-113. [2,C,M,Ph,TMS].

Deacon, J.R.; Spahr, N.E.; Mize, S.V.; Boulger, R.W. 2001. Using water, bryophytes, and macroinvertebrates to assess trace element concentrations in the Upper Colorado River Basin. Hydrobiologia 455 (1-3): 29-39. [no-O,E,F,M].

Dermott, R. 2001. Sudden disappearance of the amphipod Diporeia from Eastern Lake Ontario, 1993-1995. Journal of Great Lakes Research 27(4): 423-433. [1,E,F].*

Devine, J.A.; Vanni, M.J. 2002. Spatial and seasonal variation in nutrient excretion by benthic invertebrates in a eutrophic reservoir. Freshwater Biology 47(6): 1107-1121. [1,E,F,Ph].

Ding, J.; Drewes, C.D.; Hsu, W.H. 2001. Behavioral effects of ivermectin in a freshwater oligochaete, Lumbriculus variegatus. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 20(7): 1584-1590. [2,E,Ph,X].*

Dittmann, S. 2001. Abundance and distribution of small infauna in mangroves of Missionary Bay, North Queensland, Australia. Revista de Biologia Tropical 49(2): 535-544. [1,E,F].

Dobson, M.; Magana, A.; Mathooko, J.M.; Ndegwa, F. 2002. Detritivores in Kenyan highland streams: more evidence for the paucity of shredders in the tropics? Freshwater Biology 47(5): 909-919. [1,E,F].

Dominguez, J.; Edwards, C.A.; Ashby, J. 2001. The biology and population dynamics of Eudrilus eugeniae (Kinberg) (Oligochaeta) in cattle waste solids. Pedobiologia 45(4): 341-353. [2,E,F].*

Dózsa-Farkas, K. 1998. Eine neue Enchytronia-art aus Marokko. [in German, with English abstract]. Opuscula Zoologica Budapest 23: 149-151. [2,3,D,F,TMS].

Dózsa-Farkas, K. 2000. Achaeta gigantea sp.n., a large-sized species of Enchytraeidae (Oligochaeta) from South Africa. Opuscula Zoologica, Budapest 32: 81-85. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Dubilier, N.; Mulders, C.; Ferdelman, T.; deBeer, D.; Pernthaler, A.; Klein, M.; Wagner, M.; Erséus, C.; Theirmann, F.; Krieger, J.; Giere, O.; Amann, R. 2001. Endosymbiotic sulphate-reducing and sulphide-oxidizing bacteria in an oligochaete worm. Nature 411(6835): 298-302. [2,E,F,Ph].

Egeler, P.; Meller, M.; Roembke, J.; Spoerlein, P.; Streit, B.; Nagel, R. 2001. Tubifex tubifex as a link in food chain transfer of hexachlorobenzene from contaminated sediment to fish. Hydrobiologia 463: 171-184. [2,E,M,Ph,X].

Erséus, C.; Grimm, R. 2002. A new species of Ainudrilus (Tubificidae) from South Georgia, and other subantarctic freshwater oligochaetes. Hydrobiologia 468 (1-3): 77-81. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Erséus, C.; Healy, B. 2001. Oligochaeta. Pp. 231-234, In: Costello, M.J.; Emblow, C.S.; White, R. (eds). European register of marine species. A check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels 50. 463 pp. [2,bib,E,F].

Erséus, C.; Källersjö M.; Ekman, M.; Hovmoller, R. 2002. 18S rDNA phylogeny of the Tubificidae (Clitellata) and its constituent taxa: Dismissal of the Naididae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22(3): 414-422. [2,M,TMS].

Fend, S.V.; Gustafson, D.L. 2001. A new lumbriculid genus and species from North America (Clitellata, Lumbriculidae). Hydrobiologia 463: 13-22. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Flores-Tena, F.J.; Martinez-Tabche, L. 2001. The effect of chromium on the hemoglobin concentration of Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (Oligochaeta: Tubificidae). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 50(3):196-202. [2,E,Ph,X].*

Gappa, J.L.; Tablado, A.; Fonalleras, M.C.; Adami, M.L. 2001. Temporal and spatial patterns of annelid populations in intertidal sediments of the Quequén Grande estuary (Argentina). Hydrobiologia 455 (1-3): 61-69. [2,E,F].

Ghosal, T.K.; Kaviraj, A. 2002. Combined effects of cadmium and composted manure to aquatic organisms. Chemosphere 46(7): 1099-1105. [2,E,Ph,X].*

Giani, N.; Sambugar, B.; Rodriguez, P.; Martinez-Ansemil, E. 2001. Oligochaetes in southern European groundwater: new records and an overview. Hydrobiologia 463: 65-74. [2,E,F].

Giere, O.; Krieger, J. 2001. A triple bacterial endosymbiosis in a gutless oligochaete (Annelida): ultrastructural and immunocytochemical evidence. Invertebrate Biology 120(1): 41-49. [2,E,Ph,TMS].

Giraddi, R.S. 2000. Influence of vermicomposting methods and season on the biodegradation of organic wastes. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 70(10): 663-666. [2,E,Ph].*

Hall, R.O., Jr.; Likens, G.E.; Malcom, H.M. 2001. Trophic basis of invertebrate production in 2 streams at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 20(3): 432-447. [1,E,F].

Hallett, S.L.; Erséus, C.; O Donoghue, P.J.; Lester, R.J.G. 2001. Parasite fauna of Australian marine oligochaetes. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 46(2): 555-576. [2,E,F,Ph].

Hayward, J.M.R.; Ingersoll, C.G.; Jones, J.R; Whites, D.W. 2001. Influence of sediment type and exposure time on likeness of colonization tray and background macroinvertebrate assemblages. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 16(4): 565-573. [1,E,M].

Healy, B.; Fend, S. 2002. The occurrence of Mesenchytraeus (Enchytraeidae: Oligochaeta) in riffle habitats of north-west American rivers, with description of a new species. Journal of Natural History 36(1): 15-23. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Herrmann, J.; Bostrom, A.; Bohman, I. 2001. Invertebrate colonisation into the man-made Kalmar Damme wetland dam system. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie - Proceedings of the International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology 27(3): 1653-1656. [2,E,F].

Holmstrup, M. 2001. Sensitivity of life history parameters in the earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa to small changes in soil water potential. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 33(9): 1217-1223. [2,E,F,Ph].*

Hong, Y.; James, S.W. 2001. Five new earthworms of the genus Amynthas Kinberg (Megascolecidae) with four pairs of spermathecae. Zoological Studies 40(4): 269-275. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].*

Hong, Y.; James, S.W. 2001. New species of Korean Amynthas Kinberg, 1867 (Oligochaeta, Megascolecidae) with two pairs of spermathecae. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 108(1): 65-93. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Hong, Y.; Lee, W.K. 2001. Description of three new Korean earthworms of the genus Amynthas Kinberg, 1867 (Oligochaeta, Megascolecidae) with multiple genital markings. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 108(2): 283-290. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Hong,, Y.; Lee, W.K.; Kim, T.H. 2001. Four new species of the genus Amynthas Kinberg (Oligochaeta : Megascolecidae) from Korea. Zoological Studies 40(4): 263-268. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].*

Jegou, D.; Schrader, S.; Diestel, H.; Cluzeau, D. 2001. Morphological, physical and biochemical characteristics of burrow walls formed by earthworms. Applied Soil Ecology 17(2): 165-174. [2,E,Ph].*

Jones, B.; Kalisz, P.J. 2000. Earthworms (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) in high-maintenance and low-maintenance lawns in Lexington, Kentucky. Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Science 61(1): 1-5. [2,E,F].

Juget, J.; des Chatelliers, M. 2001. Taxonomical survey of some stygobiont oligochaetes from the eastern part of France, including description of a new species. Hydrobiologia 463: 23-28. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Kent, M.L.; Andree, K.B.; Bartholomew, J.L.; El-Matbouli, M.; Desser, S.S.; Devlin, R.H.; Feist, S.W.; Hedrick, R.P.; Hoffmann, R.W.; Khattra, J.; Hallett, S.L.; Lester, R.J.G.; Longshaw, M.; Palenzeula, O.; Siddall, M.E.; Xiao, C.X. 2001. Recent advances in our knowledge of the Myxozoa. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 48(4): 395-413. [2,E,F].*

Khmeleva, N.; Nesterovich, A.; Czachorowski, S. 1994. The macroinvertebrate fauna of some Byelorussian, Karelian, and Altaian springs and its relation with certain factors. Acta Hydrobiologica 36(1): 75-90. [2,E,F,M,Ph].

Kitamura, K.; Shimizu, T. 2002. Segment-specific expression of alkaline phosphatase in the Tubifex embryo requires DNA replication and mRNA synthesis. Journal of Experimental Zoology 294(1): 68-76. [2,E,Ph,TMS]*

Koie, M. 2001. The life-cycle of Capillaria gracilis (Capillariidae), a nematode parasite of gadoid fish. Sarsia 86(4-5): 383-387. [1,E,Ph]*.

Koutika, L.S.; Didden, W.A.M.; Marinissen, J.C.Y. 2001. Soil organic matter distribution as influenced by enchytraeid and earthworm activity. Biology and Fertility of Soils 33(4): 294-300. [2,E,Ph].*

Kristufek, V.; Novakova, A.; Pizl, V. 2001. Coprophilous streptomycetes and fungi - Food sources for enchytraeid worms (Enchytraeidae). Folia Microbiologica 46(6): 555-558. [2,E,F,Ph,TMS].

Lachnicht, S.L.; Hendrix, P.F. 2001. Interaction of the earthworm Diplocardia mississippiensis (Megascolecidae) with microbial and nutrient dynamics in a subtropical Spodosol. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 33(10: 1411-1417. [2,E,Ph].*

Lafont, M.; Malard, F. 2001. Oligochaete communities in the hyporheic zone of a glacial river, the Roseg River, Switzerland. Hydrobiologia 463: 75-81. [2,E,F].

Lang, C. 2001. Anomalous response of zoobenthos (Oligochaetes and chironomids) to the decrease of phosphorus in Lake Neuchatel. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 108(4): 891-903. [2,E,F,Ph].*

Larink, O.; Werner, D.; Langmaack, M.; Schrader, S. 2001. Regeneration of compacted soil aggregates by earthworm activity. Biology and Fertility of Soils 33(5): 395-401. [2,E,Ph].*

Lee, K.T.; Tanabe, S.; Koh, C.H. 2001. Contamination of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in sediments from Kyeonggi Bay and nearby areas, Korea. Marine Pollution Bulletin 42(4): 273-279. [2,E,F].*

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Xie, Z.; Rota, E. 2001. Four new terrestrial species of Marionina (Clitellata, Enchytraeidae) from China and re-examination of M. hoffbaueri Müller. Journal of Natural History 35(10): 1417-1431. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Yanoviak, S.P. 1999. Community structure in water-filled tree holes of Panama: effects of hole height and size. Selbyana 20(1): 106-115. [2,E,F].

Yanoviak, S.P. 2001. The macrofauna of water-filled tree holes on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Biotropica 33(1): 110-120. [2,E,F].

Zaborski, E.R.; Gittenger, L.A.S. 2001. Amynthas hupeiensis (Michaelsen, 1895) (Oligochaeta: Megascolecidae) in Illinois, USA, with observations on worm circling. Megadrilogica 8(4): 13-16. [2,E,F,Ph].

Zaborski, E.R.; Gittenger, L.A.S.; Roberts, S.J. 2001. A possible Phasmarhabditis sp. (Nematoda: Rhabditidae) isolated from Lumbricus terrestris (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 77(4): 284-287. [2,E,F,Ph].*

Zweig, L.D.; Rabeni, C.F. 2001. Biomonitoring for deposited sediment using benthic invertebrates: a test on 4 Missouri streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 29(4): 643-657. [1,E,F,M].


POLYCHAETA

Amato, J.F.R. 2001. A new species of Stratiodrilus (Polychaeta, Histriobdellidae) from freshwater crayfishes of Southern Brazil. Iheringia, Srie Zoologia (90): 37-44. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Bhaud, M.R.; Petti, M.A.V. 2001. Spiochaetopterus nonatoi, a new species of Chaetopteridae (Polychaeta) from Brazil: biogeographical consequences. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 81(2): 225-234. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].*

Clauss, W.G. 2001. Epithelial transport and osmoregulation in annelids. Canadian Journal of Zoology 79: 192-203. [2,M,Ph].

Colgan, D.J.; Hutchings, P.A.; Brown, S. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships within the Terebellomorpha. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 81(5): 765-773. [2,M,TMS].*

Dahlgren, T.G.; Åkesson, B.; Schander, C.; Halanych, K.M.; Sundberg, P. 2001. Molecular phylogeny of the model annelid Ophryotrocha. Biological Bulletin 201(2): 193-203. [2,D,E,TMS].

Dittmann, S. 2001. Abundance and distribution of small infauna in mangroves of Missionary Bay, North Queensland, Australia. Revista de Biologia Tropical 49(2): 535-544. [1,E,F].

Fernández-Álamo, M.A. 1996. Holoplanktonic polychaetes off the southwestern coast of Baja California, Mexico, in March, 1977. Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. Autón. México, Ser. Zool. 67(1): 51-66. [2,E,F].

Gappa, J.L.; Tablado, A.; Fonalleras, M.C.; Adami, M.L. 2001. Temporal and spatial patterns of annelid populations in intertidal sediments of the Quequén Grande estuary (Argentina). Hydrobiologia 455 (1-3): 61-69. [2,E,F].

Giangrande, A.; Licciano, M.; Fanelli, G. 2001. Bioturbation behaviour in two Mediterranean polychaetes. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 81(2): 341-342. [2,E,Ph].*

Glasby, C.J. 1999. The Namanereidinae (Polychaeta: Nereididae). Part 1, Taxonomy and phylogeny. Records of the Australian Museum 25: 1-129. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Glasby, C.J. 1999. The Namanereidinae (Polychaeta: Nereididae). Part 2, Cladistic biogeography. Records of the Australian Museum 25: 131-144. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Hauschild, K.; Weber, W.-M.; Clauss, W.; Grieshaber, M.K. 1999. Excretion of thiosulphate, the main detoxification product of sulphide, by the lugworm Arenicola marina L. The Journal of Experimental Biology 202: 855-866. [2,M,Ph].

Martin, P. 2001. On the origin of the Hirudinea and the demise of the Oligochaeta. Proceedings of The Royal Society of London 268: 1089-1098. [2,E,F,TMS].

Millward, R.N.; Fleeger, J.W.; Reible, D.D.; Keteles, K.A.; Cunningham, B.P.; Zhang, L. 2001. Pyrene bioaccumulation, effects of pyrene exposure on particle-size selection, and fecal pyrene content in the oligochaete Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (Tubificidae, Oligochaeta). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 20(6): 1359-1366. [2,E,Ph,X].*

Oug, E. 2001. Polychaetes in intertidal rocky and sedimentary habitats in the region of Tromsø, northern Norway. Sarsia 86(1): 75-83. [2,E,F].

Pleijel, F. 1999. Phylogenetic taxonomy, a farewell to species, and a revision of Heteropodarke (Hesionidae, Polychaeta, Annelida). Systematic Biology 48(4): 755-789. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Rizzo, A.E.; Amaral, A.C.Z. 2001. Spatial distribution of annelids in the intertidal zone in Sao Sebastiao Channel, Brazil. Scientia Marina 65(4): 323-331. [2,E,F].*

Rota, E.; Martin, P.; Erséus, C. 2001. Soil-dwelling polychaetes: enigmatic as ever? Some hints on their phylogenetic relationships as suggested by a maximum parsimony analysis of 18S rRNA gene sequences. Contributions to Zoology 70(3): 127-138. [2,M,TMS].

Rouse, G.W. 2000. Polychaeta, including Pogonophora and Myzostomida. Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates 9(B): 81-124. [2,E,Ph,TMS].*

Rouse, G.W. 2001. A cladistic analysis of Siboglinidae Caullery, 1914 (Polychaeta, Annelida): formerly the phyla Pogonophora and Vestimentifera. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 132(1): 55-80. [2,M,TMS].*

Salazar-Vallejo, S.I. 1996. Lista de especies y bibliografía de poliquetos (Polychaeta) del Gran Caribe. [in English with Spanish abstract]. Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. Autón. México, Ser. Zool. 67(1): 11-50. [2,bib,E,F].

Schulze, A. 2001. Ultrastructure of opisthosomal chaetae in Vestimentifera (Pogonophora, Obturata) and implications for phylogeny. Acta Zoologica 82(2): 127-135. [2,C,E,TMS].*

Schwindt, E.; Bortolus, A.; Iribarne, O.O. 2001. Invasion of a reef-builder polychaete: direct and indirect impacts on the native benthic community structure. Biological Invasions 3(2): 137-149. [1,E,F].

Siddall, M.E.; Apakupakul, K.; Burreson, E.M.; Coates, K.A.; Erséus, C.; Gelder, S.R.; Källersjö, M.; Trapido-Rosenthal, H. 2001. Validating Livanow: Molecular data agree that leeches, branchiobdellidans, and Acanthobdella peledina form a monophyletic group of oligochaetes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 21(3): 346-351. [2,3,M,TMS].

Sket, B. 1999. The nature of biodiversity in hypogean waters and how it is endangered. Biodiversity and Conservation 8: 1319-1338. [2,E,F].

Stocks, K.I.; Grassle, J.F. 2001. Effects of microalgae and food limitation on the recolonization of benthic macrofauna into in situ saltmarsh-pond mesocosms. Marine Ecology - Progress Series 221: 93-104. [2,E,F,Ph].*

Strayer, D.L. 2001. Ecology and distribution of hyporheic microannelids (Oligochaeta, Aphanoneura, and Polychaeta) from the eastern United States. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 151(3): 493-510. [2,E,F,TMS].

Strayer, D.L.; Smith, L.C. 2001. The zoobenthos of the freshwater tidal Hudson River and its response to the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) invasion. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. (Monograph Studies) 139(1): 1-52. [2,E,F,Ph].

Vandenbulcke, F.; Salzet, M.; Desmons, A.; Verger-Bocquet, M.; Milde, H.; Weber, W.-M.; Clauss, W.; Van Minnen, J.; Malecha, J. 1998. Ganglionic localization, biochemical identification and physiological activities of FMRFamide-related peptides in the brain of the leech Theromyzon tessulatum. Animal Biology 7: 105-118. [2,C,E,M,Ph].

Westheide, W.; Hass-Cordes, E. 2001. Molecular taxonomy: description of a cryptic Petitia species (Polychaeta : Syllidae) from the island of Mahe (Seychelles, Indian Ocean) using RAPD markers and ITS2 sequences. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 39(1-2): 103-111. [2,E,M,Ph,TMS].*

Zajac, R.N.; Whitlatch, R.B. 2001. Response of macrobenthic communities to restoration efforts in a New England estuary. Estuaries 24(2): 167-183. [2,E,F].*


MISCELLANEOUS ANNELIDA

Colgan, D.J.; Hutchings, P.A.; Brown, S. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships within the Terebellomorpha. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 81(5): 765-773. [2,M,TMS].*

Garey, J.R.; Near, T.J.; Nonnemacher, M.R.; Nadler, S.A. 1996. Molecular evidence for Acanthocephala as a subtaxon of Rotifera. Journal of Molecular Evolution 43: 287-292. [1,M,TMS].

Gardiner, S.L.; McMullin, E.; Fisher, C.R. 2001. Seepiophila jonesi, a new genus and species of vestimentiferan tube worm (Annelida: Pogonophora) from hydrocarbon seep communities in the Gulf of Mexico. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 114(3): 694-707. [2,3,C,D,E,F,TMS].

Rouse, G.W. 2000. Polychaeta, including Pogonophora and Myzostomida. Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates 9(B): 81-124. [2,E,Ph,TMS].*

Rouse, G.W. 2001. A cladistic analysis of Siboglinidae Caullery, 1914 (Polychaeta, Annelida): formerly the phyla Pogonophora and Vestimentifera. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 132(1): 55-80. [2,M,TMS].*

Schulze, A. 2001. Ultrastructure of opisthosomal chaetae in Vestimentifera (Pogonophora, Obturata) and implications for phylogeny. Acta Zoologica 82(2): 127-135. [2,C,E,TMS].*


ANNELIDA - HIRUDINEA

PLEASE NOTE: The following section on Hirudinea was compiled by Dr. Donald J. Klemm and Dr. William E. Moser; contact information for Don and Bill is provided at the beginning of this website (above).


Areas of leech studies reviewed in this bibliography include those for both aquatic and terrestrial species, and focus on bioassessment, ecology, embryology, environmental and industrial toxicology, evolution, medicine, morphology, parasitology, physiology, systematics, and taxonomy of leeches. This bibliography is intended to assist students and other biologists by directing them to the most current literature on leeches. It is also provided to assist the user in selecting information from the literature to help in evaluating data collected during studies of water quality, stream ecosystems, and of the effects of toxic substances and other pollutants on the ecological integrity and health of indigenous communities of macroinvertebrates, including the leeches. Researchers should send reprints of their papers to Don Klemm, Bill Moser, and Mark Wetzel to ensure that they are included accurately in future leech bibliographies. The reprints are greatly appreciated.

[A few supplemental citations contributed by Mark to those compliled by Don and Bill are followed by bracketed codes; please refer to the explanation in the introductory information provided at the beginning of this website].


Abdel, H.A.Z.; Ali, S.M. 1998. Hirudo medicinalis as a potent biological control agent for the intermediate hosts of African schistosome species. Egyptian J. Pharmaceutical Sciences 39(1-3): 211-224.

Agapow, L.; Piekarska, A. 2000. Benthic fauna of rivers Santoczna and Pelcz, West Pomeranian Lake District, Poland, with a particular reference to leeches (Hirudinea) and molluscs (Mollusca). Polskie Archiwum Hydrobiologii 47(2): 281-303..

Amisah, S.; Cowx, I.G. 2000. Impacts of abandoned mine and Industrial discharges on fish abundance and macroinvertebrate diversity of the Upper River Don in South Yorkshire, UK. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 15(2): 237-250. [1,E,F].

Anderson, M.G.; Blaustein, A.R. 2001. Predator induced life history changes in amphibians: Egg predation induces hatching. Oikos 92(1): 135-142.

Bass, D.; Potts, C. 2001. Invertebrate community composition and physicochemical conditions of Boehler Lake, Atoka County, Oklahoma. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 81: 21-29. [2,E,F].

Batzer, D.P.; Pusateri, C.R.; Vetter, R. 2000. Impacts of fish predation on marsh invertebrates: Direct and indirect effects. Wetlands 20(2): 307-312.

Beavan, L.; Sadler, J.; Pinder, C. 2001. The invertebrate fauna of a physically modified urban river. Hydrobiologia 445 (1-3): 97-108. [2,E,F].

Berrady, I.; Essafi, K.; Mathieu, J. 2000. Comparative physico-chemical and faunal studies of two thermal spring brooks near Sidi Harazem (Morocco). Annales de Limnologie 36(4): 261-274.

Berven, K.A.; Boltz, R.S. 2001. Interactive effects of leech (Desserobdella picta) infection on wood frog (Rana sylvatica) tadpole fitness traits. Copeia 2001(4): 907-915. [2,E,M,Ph].

Bolek, M.G. 2001. Chelydra serpentina (common snapping turtle) and Emydoidea blandingii (Blanding's turtle). Herpetological Review 32(1): 37-38.

Brandao, R.A.; Garda, A.A. 2000. Scinax fuscomarginatus (NCN). Predation. Herpetological Review 31(3): 171.

Briggler, J.T.; Lohraff, K.M.; Adams, G.L. 2001. Amphibian parasitism by the leech Desserobdella picta at a small pasture pond in Northwest Arkansas. J. Freshwater Ecology 16(1): 105-111.

Brinkhurst, R.O. 1999. Lumbriculids, branchiobdellidans, and leeches: An overview of recent progress in phylogenetic research on clitellates. Hydrobiologia 406: 281-290. *****

Chivers, D.; Kiesecker, J.M.; Marco, A.; DeVito, J.; Anderson, M.T.; Blaustein, A.R. 2001. Predator-induced life history changes in amphibians: Egg predation induces hatching. Oikos 92(1): 135-142.

Clauss, W.G. 2001. Epithelial transport and osmoregulation in annelids. Canadian Journal of Zoology 79: 192-203. [2,M,Ph].

Cuppen J.GM.; Van den Brink, P.J.; Camps, E.; Uil, K.F.; Brock, T. CM. 2000. Impact of the fungicide carbendazim in freshwater microcosms. I. water quality, breakdown of particulate organic matter and responses of macroinvertebrates. Aquatic Toxicology Amsterdam 48(2-3): 233-250.

Davies, R.W.; Govedich, F.R. 2001. Annelida: Euhirudinea and Acanthobdellidae. Pages 465-504. In: Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates. Second Edition. Thorp, J.H. and A.P. Covich eds. Academic Press, New York.

de Eguileor, M.; Grimaldi, A.; Tettamanti, G.; Congiu, T.; Protasoni, M.; Reguzzoni, M.; Valvassori, R.; Lanzavecchia, G. 2001. Ultrastructure and functional versatility of hirudinean botryoidal tissue. Tissue-and-Cell 33 (4): 332-341.

Deka, P.M.; Rajeev, T.P. 2001. Unusual cause of hematuria. Urologia Internationalis 66(1): 41- 42.

Demirsoy, A.; Kasparek, M.; Akbulut, A.; Durmus, Y.; Akbulut, N.E.; alskan, M. 2001. Phenology of the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis L., in north-western Turkey. Hydrobiologia 462 (1-3): 19-24. [no-O; 2-H,E,F,Ph].

Dohle, W. 1999. The ancestral cleavage pattern of the clitellates and its phylogenetic deviations. Hydrobiologia 402: 267-283.

Felix, R.; van der Velde, G. 2000. Does the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis feel well in The Netherlands (Hirudinea)? Nederlandse Faunistische Mededelingen 12(15): 1-10.

Ferraguti, M.; Erseus, C. 1999. Sperm types and their use for a phylogenetic analysis of aquatic clitellates. Hydrobiologia 402: 225-237.

Gelder, S.R.; Siddall, M.E. 2001. Phylogenetic assessment of the Branchiobdellidae (Annelida, Clitellata) using 18S rDNA, mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I and morphological characters. Zoologica Scripta 30(3): 215-222.

Goater, T.M. 2000. The leech, Oligobdella biannulata (Glossiphoniidae) on desmognathine salamanders: Potential for trypanosome transmission? American Midland Naturalist 14(2): 434-438.

Govedich, F. R. 2001. A reference guide to the ecology and taxonomy of freshwater and terrestrial leeches (Euhirudinea) of Australasia and Oceania. CRC for Freshwater Ecology, Identification Guide No. 35. pp. 67.

Govedich, F.R; Bain, B.A.; Grant, L.J.; Cunningham, G.D.; Burd, M. 2001. Evolution of Parental Care in Glossiphoniid leeches (Euhirudinea: Glossiphoniidae). Invertebrata 20:4-5.

Gramentz, D. 1999. Zur Oekologie von Cycloderma aubryi (Dumeril, 1856) in Gabun. (On the ecology of Cycloderma aubryi (Dumeril, 1856) in Gabon Salamandra 35(3): 147-164. (In German).

Grosser, C.; Keitel, M. 2001. First finding of Trocheta pseudodina (Hirudinea: Erpobdellidae) in Saxony/Germany. Lauterbornia 40: 67-69.

Halmetoja, A.; Valtonen, E.T.; Koskenniemi, E. 2000. Perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) parasites reflect ecosystem conditions: A comparison of a natural lake and two acidic reservoirs in Finland. International J. Parasitology 30(14): 1437-1444.

Jazdzewska, T. 2000. Leeches (Hirudinea) of the Niebieskie Zrodla nature reserve near Tomaszow Mazowiecki (central Poland). Acta Universitatis Lodziensis Folia Limnologica 7: 39-46.

Juhasz, P.; Kovacs, T.; Ambrus, A. 2000. The leech collection of the Matra Museum (Hirudinea). Miscellanea Zoologica Hungarica 13: 37-45.

Khmeleva, N.; Nesterovich, A.; Czachorowski, S. 1994. The macroinvertebrate fauna of some Byelorussian, Karelian, and Altaian springs and its relation with certain factors. Acta Hydrobiologica 36(1): 75-90. [2,E,F,M,Ph].

Kitamura, K.; Shimizu, T. 2002. Segment-specific expression of alkaline phosphatase in the Tubifex embryo requires DNA replication and mRNA synthesis. Journal of Experimental Zoology 294(1): 68-76. [2,E,Ph,TMS].*

Klimaszewska-Gulik, R. 2000. Ovary structure and some aspects of oogenesis in the leech Haemopis sanguisuga (L.). Acta Biologica Cracoviensia, Series Zoologia 42: 45-54. [2,C,E,Ph,TMS].

Kondekar, S.D.; Kulkarni, G.K. 2001. A study of leech fauna of Marathwada region, Maharashtra. Zoos' Print J. 16(6): 521-522.

Kosel, V. 1999 Annelida: Hirudinea. Folia Facultatis Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis Biologia 101: 97-102.

Lapkina, L.N.; Arkhipova, N.R. 2000. Comparative analysis of resistance to pesticides in annelids. Ekologiya Moscow 5: 367-371. In Russian.

Leong, T.M. 2001. Limnonectes malesianus (Malesian frog). Ectoparasite. Herpetological Review 32(2): 103.

Light, J.E.; Siddall, M.E. 2001. Phylogeny of the leech family Glossiphoniidae based on mitochondrial gene sequences and morphological data. J. Parasitology 85(5): 815-823.

Maitland, P.S.; Phillips, D.S.; Gaywood, M.J. 2000. Notes on distinguishing the cocoons and the juveniles of Hirudo medicinalis and Haemopis sanguisuga (Hirudinea). Journal of Natural History 34(5): 685-692. [2,E,K,TMS].

Mandal, C.K. 2000. On the occurrence and breeding of the leech Placobdella emydae in West Bengal. Science and Culture 66(7-8): 267-268.

Marklund, O.; Blindow, I.; Hargeby, A. 2001. Distribution and diel migration of macroinvertebrates within dense submerged vegetation. Freshwater Biology 46(7): 913-924. [2,E,F].

Marques, M.M.; Barbosa, F. 2001. Biological quality of waters from an impacted tropical watershed (middle Rio Doce basin, southeast Brazil), using benthic macroinvertebrate communities as an indicator. Hydrobiologia 457 (1-3): 69-76. [1,E,F].

Martin, P. 2001. On the origin of the Hirudinea and the demise of the Oligochaeta. Proceedings of The Royal Society of London 268: 1089-1098. [2,E,F,TMS].

McHugh, D. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of the Annelida. Canadian J. Zoology 78(1): 1873- 1844.

Merritt, R.W.; Cummins, K.W.; Berg, M.B.; Novak, J.A.; Higgins, M.J.; Wessell, K.J.; Lessard, J.L. 2002. Development and application of a macroinvertebrate functional-group approach in the bioassessment of remnant river oxbows in southwest Florida. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 21(2): 290-310. [1,E,F,M].

Milde, H.; Clauss, W.; Weber, W.-M. 1996. Electrogenic cation transport across leech caecal epithelium. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 166: 435-442. [2,M,Ph].

Milde, H.; Clauss, W.; Weber, W.-M. 1996. Modulation of Na+ transport across leech skin by pesticides and heavy metals. Experimental Biology Online 1(8): 1-9. [2,M,Ph].

Milde, H.; Weber, W.-M.; Salzet, M.; Clauss, W. 2001. Regulation of Na+ transport across leech skin by peptide hormones and neurotransmitters. The Journal of Experimental Biology 204: 1509-1517. [2,M,Ph].

Mobjerg, T.; Yde, T. 2001. Medicinal leeches and other leeches from Denmark. Natur og Museum (Arhus) 40(2): 1-35. (In Danish).

Muli, J.R.; Mavuti, K.M. 2001. The benthic macrofauna community of Kenyan waters of Lake Victoria. Hydrobiologia 458 (1-3): 83-90. [2,E,F].

Negm-Elden, M.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W. 2000. Helobdella nilae sp. nov. (Hirudinoidea: Glossiphoniidae), from the Nile delta, Egypt. Hydrobiologia 438: 257-259. [2,3,E,E,F,TMS].

Newbound, D.R.; Knott, B. 1999. Parasitic copepods from pelagic sharks in Western Australia. Bulletin Marine Science 65(3): 715-724.

Olson, D.J.; Warner, R.E. 2001. Grassland snakes. diet. Herpetological Review 32(3): 186-187. [1-H, 2-O,E,F].

Pamplin, P.A.Z.; Rocha, O. 2000. First report of Barbronia weberi (Hirudinea: Salifidae) from South America. Revista de Biologia Tropical 48(2-3): 723.

Pauls, S.M.; Provenzano-R., F. 1999. Branchellion torpedinis Savigny, 1822 (Hirudinea: Piscicolidae) first report of a marine leech from Venezuela. Acta Biologica Venezuelica 19(1): 73-76.

Piccolo, G.; Manfredi, M.T. 2000. Parasites of Mediterranean sea turtles. Rivista Di Idrobiologia 38(1-3): 77-82.

Pobozsny, M. 1998. Einige Angaben zur Hirudineen Fauna der Pyreneen. Opuscula Zoologica Budapest 31: 85-96. In German.

Popova, L.B.; Biochino, G.I. 2001. To the occurrence and parasite fauna of the zebra mussel Dreissena bugensis in the Rybinsk Reservoir. Parazitologiya (St. Petersburg) 35(4): 356-359.

Quast, B.; Bartolomaeus, T. 2001. Ultrastructure and significance of the transitory nephridia in Erpobdella octoculata (Hirudinea, Annelida). Zoomorphology (Berlin) 120(4): 205-213.

Reeves, W.K. 2001. Invertebrate and slime mold cavernicoles of Santee Cave, South Carolina, U.S.A. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 151:81-85. [2,E,F].

Rodrigues, G.G.; Hartz, S.M. 2001. Food dynamics of fish and the interaction with macroinvertebrates from a shallow lake in southern Brazil. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereinigung Fr Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie - Proceedings of the International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology 27(6): 3309-3314. [2,E,F].

Rutter, R.P.; Klemm, D.J. 2001. The presence of an Asian leech, Barbronia weberi, in a home aquarium of south Florida (Hirudinea: Salifidae). Florida Scientist 64(3): 216-218.

Salmoiraghi, G.; Gumiero B., Pasteris, A.; Prato, S.; Bonacina, C.; Bonomi, G. 2001. Breakdown rates and macroinvertebrate colonisation of alder (Alnus glutinosa) leaves in an acid lake (Lake Orta, N Italy), before, during and after a liming intervention. Journal of Limnology 60(1): 127-133. [2,E,F].

Salzet, M.; Capron, A.; Stefano, G.B. 2000. Molecular crosstalk in host parasite relationships: Schistosome and leech-host interactions. Parasitology Today 16(12): 536-540.

Saumure, R.A. 2001. Limb mutilations in snapping turtles, Chelydra serpentina. The Canadian-Field Naturalist 115(1): 182-184. [2,E,F].

Saumure, R.A.; Beane, J.C. 2001. Clemmys muhlenbergii (Bog turtle), Ectoparasites. Herpetological Review 32(1): 38.

Saumure, R.A.; Doody, J.S. 2000. Testudines: Carettochelys insculpta (pig-nosed turtle). Ectoparasites. Herpetological Review 31(4): 237-238.

Savona-Ventura, C.; Sawyer, R.T.; Schembri, P.J. 2000. Medicinal and other leeches (Annelida, Hirudinea) in the Maltese Islands. Central Mediterranean Naturalist 3(2):65-68.

Schalk, G.; Forbes, M.R.; Weatherhead, P.J. 2002. Developmental plasticity and growth rates of green frog (Rana clamitans) embryos and tadpoles in relation to a leech (Macrobdella decora) predator. Copeia 2002(2): 445-449. [2,E,F,M,Ph].

Schmizu, T.; Nakamoto, A. 2001. Segmentation in annelids: Cellular and molecular basis for metameric body plan. Zoological Science Tokyo 18(43): 385-298.

Schnizler, M.; Clauss, W. 1998. Characterization of a voltage-dependent conductance in the basolateral membrane of leech skin epithelium. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 168: 295-302. [2,M,Ph].

Siddall, M.E. 2001. Hirudinea from the Apolobamba in the Bolivian Andes, including three new species of Helobdella (Clitellata: Hirudinea). American Museum Novitates 3341: 1- 14.

Siddall, M.E. 2001. Leeches of Laguna Volcan, Bolivia, including a new species of Helobdella (Clitellata: Hirudinea). American Museum Novitates 3313: 1-11.

Siddall, M.E.; Apakupakul, K.; Burreson, E.M.; Coates, K.A.; Erséus, C.; Gelder, S.R.; Källersjö M.; Trapido-Rosenthal, H. 2001. Validating Livanow: Molecular data agree that leeches, branchiobdellidans, and Acanthobdella peledina form a monophyletic group of oligochaetes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 21(3): 346-351. [2,3,M,TMS].

Siddall, M.E.; Desser, S.S. 2001. Transmission of Haemogregarina balli from painted turtles to snapping turtles through the leech Placobdella ornata. J. Parasitology 87(5): 1217- 1218.

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