1996 NABS BIBLIOGRAPHY - ANNELIDA
For 1995

Aphanoneura, Branchiobdellida, Oligochaeta, selected Polychaeta, and Hirudinea


Prepared by Mark J. Wetzel, Illinois Natural History Survey, Center for Biodiversity, 172 Natural Resources Building, MC-652, 607 East Peabody Drive, Champaign, Illinois 61820. Telephone: (217) 244-2108 (with voicemail); FAX: (217) 333-4949; E-mail: mjwetzel[AT]uiuc.edu

The section on Hirudinea was compiled by Dr. Donald J. Klemm, Research Aquatic Biologist, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, NERL, EERD, Ecosystems Research Branch (MS-642), 26 W. Martin Luther King Drive, Cincinnati, OH 45268-0001 USA; Phone: (513) 569-7090; FAX: (513) 569-7609; E-mail address: klemm.donald[AT]epa.gov

Researchers should send reprints of their papers to both Don and Mark to ensure that they are included accurately in future bibliographies. The reprints are greatly appreciated.

This bibliography was originally published (October 1996) by the North American Benthological Society in "Current and Selected Bibliographies on Benthic Biology - 1995."


Citations for aquatic Annelida will be split into the following groupings for the convenience of researchers: Acanthobdellae, Aphanoneura, Branchiobdellae, Oligochaeta, and Polychaeta. Those papers which list or discuss taxa from more than one of the above groups will be included in each of those groups below. Researchers should send reprints of their papers to me to ensure that they are included accurately in future bibliographies. Please report inaccuracies to me. Suggestions are welcomed. The present format reflects comments received from colleagues.

Most citations are followed by one or more numbers and letters in brackets [ ]. Numbers designate the taxonomic level of annelid identification: 1 = phylum, class, ordinal, or familial level of identification; 2 = generic or specific level of identification; 3 = new description, revision, redescription, or systematic work.

Letters indicate the following: A = Aphanoneura; Ac = Acanthobdellida; B = Branchiobdellida; bib = bibliography; C = cytology; D = description; E = ecology; F = faunistic, or distributional information; G = general; H = Hirudinea; K = key provided; M = methods, such as analysis, collection, or processing information; O = Oligochaeta; P = Polychaeta; Ph = physiology; R = revision; TMS = taxonomy, morphology, and / or systematics; X = toxicology; xO = interesting paper, but oligochaetes not discussed.

A number followed by a hyphen (-) and a letter indicates the level of identification for that letter group, e.g., [2-O] = species level of identification for Oligochaeta; [3-B] = new species, revision, or redescription of Branchiobdellida. Citations followed by an asterisk (*) were downloaded from one or more bibliographic databases but have not been verified for accuracy. Unless otherwise noted, all papers are written in English; many include one or more foreign language abstracts or summaries.

Other bibliographies for Annelida published annually by the North American Benthological Society in "Current and Selected Bibliographies on Benthic Biology" and available via the World Wide Web can be obtained at the following addresses:


Additional information relating to the study of aquatic Annelida can be obtained via The INHS Center for Annelida Resources. There, you will also find current information on upcoming as well as recently convened conferences, meetings, and symposia focusing on Annelida and other aquatic resources.


APHANONEURA

Rieradevall, M.; Cambra, J. 1994. Urban freshwater ecosystems in Barcelona. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1369-1372. [1,E,F].

Strayer, D. L. 1994. Body size and abundance of benthic animals in Mirror Lake, New Hampshire. Freshwater Biology. 32(1): 83-90. [2-A,2-O,E,F,Ph,TMS].


BRANCHIOBDELLIDA

Gelder, S. R. 1996. Description of a new branchiobellidan species, with observations on three other species, and a key to the genus Pterodrilus (Annelida: Clitellata). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 109(2): 256-263. [2-B,3-B,D,E,F,K,TMS].

Webb, D. W.; Wetzel, M. J.; Reed, P. C.; Phillippe, L. R.; Harris, M. A. 1995. Aquatic biodiversity in Illinois springs. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society. 68(2)suppl.: 93-107. [1-B,1-H,2-O,E,F,M].


OLIGOCHAETA

Aagaard, K.; Schartau, A. K. L.; Hanssen, O.; Lierhagen, S.; Wilmann, B. 1994. Effects of cadmium on population and community structures in littoral zone of a boreal lake: An experimental study using limnocoralls. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 2021-2025. [1,E,F,M,Ph,X].

Akpan, A. W.; Anadu, D. I. 1994. Determination of the effect on the environment of municipal effluents and inorganic sedimentation with regard to water quality and macroinvertebrate fauna in the River Delimi, Jos (Nigeria). Acta Hydrobiologica. 36(3): 387-398. [in English with Polish summary] [2,E,F].

Alekperov, I. Kh.; Manafov, A. A. 1996. Techniques in zoological studies - Modified impregnation technique and its advantages. Hydrobiological Journal. 32(3): 104-109. [M].*

Angradi, T. R. 1996. Inter-habitat variation in benthic community structure, function, and organic matter storage in 3 Appalachian headwater stream. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 15(1): 42-63. [1,E,F,M].

Arkhipova, N. R. 1996. Morphology of pectinate setae in tubificids (Tubificidae, Oligochaeta). Zoologicheskiy Zhurnal. 75(2): 178-187. [2,E,F,TMS].*

Barbour, M. T.; Gerritsen, J.; Griffith, G. E.; Frydenborg, R.; McCarron, E.; White, J. S.; Bastian, M. L. 1996. A framework for biological criteria for Florida streams using benthic macroinvertebrates. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 15(2): 185-211. [1,E,F,M].

Basaguren, A.; Riaño, P. 1994. Trophic structure variability of the macroinvertebrate communities in the Agüera Stream (Northern Spain). Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1727-1732. [1,E,F].

Bass, D. 1995. Species composition of aquatic macroinvertebrates and environmental conditions in Cucumber Creek. Proc. Oklahoma Acad. Sci. 75: 39-44. [1,E,F].

Bauer, R.; Kampichler, C.; Bruckner, A.; Kandeler, E. 1994. Enchytraeids (Oligochaeta) in an Austrian spruce forest: Abundance, biomass, vertical distribution and re-immigration into defaunated mesocosms. European Journal of Soil Biology. 30(3): 143-148. [2,E,F].*

Beckett, D. C.; Green, B. W.; Thomas, S. A.; Miller, A. C. 1995. Epizoic invertebrate communities on upper Mississippi River unionid bivalves. Am. Midl. Nat. 135: 102-114. [2,E,F].

Bennion, H.; Wunsam, S.; Schmidt, R. 1995. The validation of diatom-phosphorus transfer functions: an example from Mondsee, Austria. Freshwater Biology. 34: 271-283. [xO,E,M].

Bird, G. A.; Schwartz, W. J.; Joseph, D. L. 1995. The effect of 210Pb and stable lead on the induction of menta deformities in Chironomus tentans larvae and on their growth and survival. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 14(12): 2125-2130. [xO,2,E,F,M,Ph,X].

Bonacina, C.; Bonomi, G.; Di Cola, G.; Pasteris, A. 1994. Intrinsic regulation in population density of aquatic Oligochaeta: A nonlinear simulation model. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(4): 2332-2335.

Bostrom, U.; Lofs, A. 1996. Annual population dynamics of earthworms and cocoon production by Aporrectodea caliginosa in a meadow fescue ley. Pedobiologia. 40(1): 32-42. [2,E,F,Ph].*

Botts, P. S.; Patterson, B. A.; Schloesser, D. W. 1996. Zebra mussel effect on benthic invertebrates: physical or biotic? Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 15(2): 179-184. [1,E,F,Ph].

Bourassa, N.; Morin, A. 1995. Relationships between size structure of invertebrate assemblages and trophy and substrate composition in streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 14(3):393-403. [1,E,F,M].

Bournaud, M.; Cellot, B.; Richoux, P.; Berrahou, A. 1996. Macroinvertebrate community structure and environmental characteristics along a large river: congruity of patterns for identification to species or family. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 15(2): 232-253. [H-2,E,F,M].

Bremle, G.; Ewald, G. 1995. Bioconcentration of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in chironomid larvae, oligochaete worms and fish from contaminated lake sediment. Marine and Freshwater Research. 46(1): 267-273. [2,E,F,Ph,X].*

Bremnes, T.; Sloreid, S.-E. 1994. Fåbørstemark i ferskvann Utbredelse i Sør-Norge. [Oligochaetes of freshwater distribution in South Norway]. [in Norwegian with English abstract]. Norsk Instituut For Naturforskning (NINA) Utredning. 56: 1-42. [2,E,F,TMS].

Bridges, T. S. 1996. Effects of organic additions to sediment, and maternal age and size, on patterns of offspring investment and performance in two opportunistic deposit-feeding polychaetes. Marine Biology. 125(2): 345-357.

Briones, M. J. I. 1996. A taxonomic revision of the Allolobophora caliginosa complex (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae): A preliminary study. Canadian Journal of Zoology - Revue Canadienne de Zoologie. 74(2): 240-244. [2,E,F,R,TMS].*

Brooke, L. T.; Ankley G. T.; Call, D. J.; Cook, P. M. 1996. Gut content weight and clearance rate for three species of freshwater invertebrates. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 15(2): 223-228. [2,E,M,Ph,X].

Burkovskiy, I. V.; Stolyarov, A. P. 1996. Features of the structural organization of the macrobenthos in a biotope with a pronounced salinity gradient. Hydrobiological Journal. 32(3): 87-103.

Butt, K. R.; Frederickson, J.; Morris, R. M. 1994. The life cycle of the earthworm Lumbricus terrestris L. (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) in laboratory culture. European Journal of Soil Biology. 30(2): 49-54.

Calderoni, A.; de Bernardi, R.; Mosello, R. 1994. Recovery of Lago d'Orta by liming. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 2016-2020. [xO,E,M].

Camargo, J. A.; García de Jalón, D. 1995. Structural and trophic changes in a riverine macrobenthic community following impoundment for hydroelectric power generation. Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 10(4): 311-317. [1,E,F].

Carter, C. E.; Wood, R. B. 1995. The winter macrobenthos of the Clogh River system, Northern Ireland. Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 10(4): 361-366. [1,E,F].

Carter, J. L.; Fend, S. V.; Kennelly, S. S. 1996. The relationships among three habitat scales and stream benthic invertebrate community structure. Freshwater Biology. 35(1): 109-124. [2,E,F].

Carvalho, L.; Beklioglu, M, B.; Moss, B. 1995. Changes in a deep lake following sewage diversion - a challenge to the orthodoxy of external phosphorus control as a restoration strategy? Freshwater Biology. 34(2): 399-410. [xO,E,M].

Cellot, B. 1996. Influence of side-arms on aquatic macroinvertebrate drift in the main channel of a large river. Freshwater Biology. 35(1): 149-164. [2-H,1-O,E,F,M].

Chalupsky, J. 1994. Enchytraeids (Annelida, Enchytraeidae) in a secondary plant succession on a brown soil. European Journal of Soil Biology. 30(4): 169-175. [2,E,F].*

Childress, J. J. 1995. Life in sulfidic environments: historical perspective and current research trends. American Zoologist. 35(2): 83-90.

Cieminski, K. L.; Flake, L. D. 1995. Invertebrate fauna of wastewater ponds in southeastern Idaho. The Great Basin Naturalist. 55(2): 105-116. [1-H,1-O,E,F,X].

Coates, K. A. 1995. Widespread polyploid forms of Lumbricillus lineatus (Müller) (Enchytraeidae: Oligochaeta): comments on polyploidism in the enchytraeids. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 73(9): 1727-1734. [2,E,F,Ph,TMS].

Costa, H. H. 1967. A taxonomic study of the freshwater Oligochaeta of Sri Lanka. Ceylon Journal of Science (Biological Science). 7: 37-51. [2,E,F].*

Costa, H. H. 1986. The physical, chemical and biological characteristics of freshwater bodies of the lowlands of Sri Lanka. Spolia Zeylanica. 35: 43-99.*

Costa, H. H.; De Silva, S. S. 1978. Hydrobiology of Colombo Lake. IV. Seasonal fluctuations in aquatic fauna living on water plants. Spolia Zeylanica. 32: 60-75.*

Costa, H. H.; De Silva, S. S. 1995. Limnological research and training in Sri Lanka: state of the art and future needs. Pp. 63-103, In: Gopa, B., and R. G. Wetzel, eds. Limnology in developing countries, Vol. 1. International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology [SIL]. International Scientific Publications, 50-B, Pocket C, Siddhartha Extension, New Delhi 110014, India. ISBN: 81-86047-14-X. 230 pp. [1,E,F].

Culp, J. M.; Wrona, F. J.; Davies, R. W. 1986. Response of stream benthos and drift to fine sediment deposition versus transport. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 64(6): 1345-1351. [1,E,F,M].

Dahms, H. U.; Schminke, H. K. 1995. A multidisciplinary approach to the fine-systematics within Tisbe - An evaluation of morphological and molecular methods. Hydrobiologia. 308(1): 45-50.

Daniel, O.; Kohli, L.; Schuler, B.; Zeyer, J. 1996. Surface cast production by the earthworm Aporrectodea nocturna in a pre-alpine meadow in Switzerland. Biology and Fertility of Soils. 22 (1-2): 171-178.*

Day, K. E.; Kirby, R. S.; Reynoldson, T. B. 1995. The effect of manipulations of freshwater sediments on responses of benthic invertebrates in whole-sediment toxicity tests. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 14(8): 1333-1343. [2,E,M,Ph,X].

de Vaate, A. 1994. Long-term changes in the macroinvertebrate fauna of the River IJssel, The Netherlands. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1563-1567. [1,E,F].

Diaz, R. J.; Rosenberg, R. 1995. Marine benthic hypoxia: A review of its ecological effects and the behavioural responses of benthic macrofauna. Pp. 245-303, In: A. D. Ansell, R. N. Gibson, and M. Barnes, eds. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, Volume 33. UCL Press Limited, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT. ISBN: 1-85728-363-5 HB. [2,E,F,M,Ph,X].

Dieter, C. D.; Duffy, W. G.; Flake, L. D. 1996. The effect of Phorate on wetland macroinvertebrates. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 15(3): 308-312. [1-O, 2-H,E,F,M,Ph,X].

Dozsa-Farkas, K. 1995. Self-fertilization: An adaptive strategy in widespread enchytraeids. European Journal of Soil Biology. 31(4): 207-215. [2,E,F,Ph,TMS].*

Dubilier, N.; Giere, O.; Grieshaber, M. K. 1995. Morphological and ecophysiological adaptations of the marine oligochaete Tubificoides benedii to sulfidic sediments. American Zoologist. 35(2): 163-173. [2,E,F,Ph,TMS].*

Dumnicka, E. 1994. Habitat preferences of invertebrates (especially Oligochaeta) in a stream. Acta Hydrobiologica. 36(1): 91-101. [in English with Polish summary] [2,E,F].

Erséus, C.; Giere, O. 1995. Olavius nicolae, a new gutless marine tubificid species (Oligochaeta) from Belize. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 108(3): 491-495. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Erséus, C.; Rota, E. 1996. Tubificidae (Oligochaeta) from the Ross Sea (Antarctica), with descriptions of one genus and two new species. Polar Ecology. 14. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].*

Eyo, J.; Ekwonye, U. 1995. The macroinvertebrate fauna of pools in the floodplain (fadama) of the Anambra River, Nigeria. Freshwater Forum (Freshwater Biological Association). 5(3): 160-162. [2,E,F].

Foissner, W.; Berger, H. 1996. A user-friendly guide to the ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora) commonly used by hydrobiologists as bioindicators in rivers, lakes, and waste waters, with notes on their ecology. Freshwater Biology. 35(2): 375-482. [xO,2,E,F,K,M,TMS].

Fore, L. S.; Karr, J. R.; Wisseman, R. W. 1996. Assessing invertebrate responses to human activities: evaluating alternative approaches. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 15(2): 212-231. [M].

Fossati, O. 1994. The macroinvertebrate fauna of the Nile River in Egypt. [abstract] Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1816. [1,E,F].

Fossati, O.; Wendling, B.; Danigo, A. H. 1994. Freshwater invertebrate fauna of Nuku-Hiva Island (French Polynesia): Comparison between wet and dry season. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1841-1843. [1,E,F].

Fountoura, A. P.; De Pauw, N. 1994. Microhabitat preference of stream macrobenthos and its significance in water quality assessment. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1936-1940. [2-H,1-O,E,F].

Fruget, J. F. 1994. Invertebrate communities in a regulated floodplain of the middle Rhône River. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1549-1554. [2,E,F].

Gagneur, J. 1994. Flash floods and drying up as major disturbances upon benthic communities in North-African wadis. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1807-1811. [1,E,F].

Giani, N.; Martin, P.; Juget, J. 1995. A new species of Phreodrilidae (Oligochaeta), Astacoposidrilus naceri sp. nov., from Morocco (North Africa), with notes on the biogeography of the family. Canadian Journal of Zoology - Revue Canadienne de Zoologie. 72 (12):2375-2381. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].*

Gilotvillenave, C. 1994. Determination of the origin of the different growing abilities of two populations of Millsonia anomala (Omodeo and Vaillaud), a tropical geophageous earthworm. European Journal of Soil Biology. 30(3): 125-131.

Grumiaux, F.; Dhainaut-Courtois, N. 1996. Benthic macroinvertebrate communities of the Canal à Grand Gabarit, Aa River, and the canalized Aa River in the north of France. Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 11(2): 131-138. [2-H,1-O,E,F].

Gumiero, B.; Salmoiraghi, G. 1994. Response of stream macroinvertebrate drift to up-down impoundment. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1773-1778. [1,E,F].

Gustavsson, L. M. 1995. Morphological investigation of the marine tubificid Clitellio arenarius (Annelida, Oligochaeta). Sarsia. 80(2): 159-171. [2,3,C,D,M,Ph,TMS].

Hall, H. L.; Wood, D. L.; Moorhead, D. L.; Sites, R. W. 1996. Effectiveness of combining flotation and straining techniques when sorting benthic invertebrates. Ent. News. 107(1): 33-35. [1,M].

Harkey, G. A.; Van Hoof, P. L.; Landrum, P. F. 1995. Bioavailability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from a historically contaminated sediment core. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 14(9): 1551-1560. [2,E,M,Ph,TMS].

Healy, B. 1996. Records of Enchytraeidae ( Annelida: Oligochaeta) from west Florida. 1. Mesenchytraeus, Cognettia, Bryodrilus, Hemienchytraeus, Henlea and Buchholzia. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 109(1):118-137. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Healy, B. 1996. New species of Marionina (Oligochaeta: Enchytraeidae) from a wave-exposed rocky shore in SE Ireland. Journal of Natural History 30(9): 1287-1295. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Henry, R.; Uieda, V. S.; de O. Afonso, A. A.; Kikuchi, R. M. 1994. Input of allochthonous matter and structure of fauna in a Brazilian headstream. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1866-1870. [1,E,F].

Hickey, C. W.; Martin, M. L. 1995. Relative sensitivity of five benthic invertebrate species to reference toxicants and resin-acid contaminated sediments. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 14(8): 1401-1409. [2,E,M,Ph,X].

Holmstrup, M. 1994. Physiology of cold hardiness in cocoons of five earthworm taxa (Lumbricidae: Oligochaeta). Journal of Comparative Physiology B - Biomedical Systemic and Environmental Physiology. 164(3): 222-228. [2,E,F,Ph]*.

Humphrey, C. L.; Dostine, P. L. 1994. Development of biological monitoring programs to detect mining-waste impacts upon aquatic ecosystems of the Alligator River Region, Northern Territory, Australia. Mitt . Internat. Verein. Limnol. 24: 293-314.

Ingersoll, C. G.; Ankley, G. T.; Benoit, D. A.; Brunson, E. L.; Burton, G. A.; Dwyer, F. J.; Hoke, R. A.; Landrum, P. F.; Norberg-King, T. J.; Winger, P. V. 1995. Toxicity and bioaccumulation of sediment-associated contaminants using freshwater invertebrates: a review of methods and applications. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 14(11): 1885-1894. [2,M,Ph,X].

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1996. Opinion 1835. Vejdovskyella Michaelsen, 1903 (Annelida, Oligochaeta): given precedence over Macrochaetina Bretscher, 1899. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 53(2): 128-129. [2,3,TMS].

Janecek, B. F. U.; Moog, O. 1994. Origin and composition of the benthic invertebrate riprap fauna of impounded rivers. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1624-1630. [2,E,F].

Jean, G.; Fruget, J. F. 1994. Aquatic macroinvertebrates as ecotoxicological indicators. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 2004-2007. [2,E,F,Ph,X].

Jenkins, R. K. B.; Ormerod, S. J. 1996. The influence of a river bird, the dipper (Cinclus cinclus), on the behaviour and drift of its invertebrate prey. Freshwater Biology. 35(1): 45-56. [1,E,M,F].

Johansson, L; Renman, G. 1994. The use of aquatic bryophytes as bioindicators. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 2026-2028. [xO,2,E,F,M].

Kaushal, B. R.; Kalia, S.; Bisht, S. P. S. 1995. Growth and cocoon production by the earthworm Drawida nepalensis (Oligochaeta: Moniligastridae) in oak and pine litter. Pedobiologia. 39(5): 417-422. [2,E,F,Ph,TMS].*

Kiffney, P. M.; Clements, W. H. 1996. Effects of metals on stream macroinvertebrate assemblages from different altitudes. Ecological Applications. 6(2): 472-481.*

Khmeleva, N.; Nesterovich, A.; Czachorowski, S. 1994. The macroinvertebrate fauna of some Byelorussian, Karelian, and Altaian springs and its relation with certain factors. Acta Hydrobiologica. 36(1): 75-90. [in English with Polish summary] [2,E,F].

Kowarc, V. A. 1994. Impact of sills on the structure of bedsediments and the colonization of a second order prealpine stream. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1599-1604. [1,E,F].

Kreutzweiser, D. P.; Capell, S. S.; Sousa, B. C. 1995. Hexazinone effects on stream periphyton and invertebrate communities. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 14(9): 1521-1527. [1,E,M,Ph,X].

Kreutzwieser, D. P.; Capell, S. S.; Sousa, B. C. 1995. Hexazinone effects on stream periphyton and invertebrate communities. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 14 (9): 1521-1527. [1,E,Ph,X].

Lang, C.; Reymond, O. 1995. Contrasting responses of oligochaete communities to the abatement of eutrophication in Lake Geneva. Hydrobiologia. 308 (1): 77-82. [2,E,F].*

Lang, C.; Reymond, O. 1995. Empirical relationships between oligochaete communities and phosphorus in lakes before and after the abatement of eutrophication. Archiv Für Hydrobiologie. 134(4): 491-497. [2,E,F].*

Lang, C.; Reymond, O. 1996. Empirical relationships between oligochaetes, phosphorus and organic deposition during the recovery of Lake Geneva from eutrophication. Archiv Für Hydrobiologie. 136(2): 237-245. [2,E,F].*

Langford, T. E. 1996. Ecological aspects of new forest streams, draining one of Brittain's unique areas. Freshwater Forum (Freshwater Biological Association). 6: 2-38. [1,E,F].

Lederle, C. R. 1994. Artificial substrata as colonization-aids for macroinvertebrates in channels with small structure. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1572-1574. [xO,E,M].

Loughry, W. J.; McDonough, C. M. 1995. Are road kills valid indicators of armadillo population structures? Am. Midl. Nat. 135: 53-59. [2,E,F,M].

Louton, J.; Gelhaus, J.; Bouchard, R. 1996. The aquatic macrofauna of water-filled bamboo (Poaceae: Bambusoideae: Guadua) internodes in a Peruvian lowland tropical forest. Biotropica. 28(2): 228-242. [1,E,F].

Lynch, J. M.; Murray, D. A. 1994. Fishery rehabilitation and habitat enhancement following arterial drainage in Ireland. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1502-1508. [2-H,1-O,E,F,M].

Maier, K.-J. 1994. Effects of spates on the benthic macroinvertebrate community of a prealpine river (first results). Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1605-1608. [xO,E,M].

Margreiter-Kownacka, M. 1994. Benthos reaction of some man-caused changes in alpine rivers. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1615-1617. [2,E,F,M].

Markic, M.; Munda, P.; Emersic, S.; Slaher, M. 1994. Macrozoobenthos as indicator of saprobiological condition of the brooks in the Ruse Pohorje mountain chain. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1933-1935. [2,E,F].

Marten, M. 1994. Faunistics of the upper Rhine River: changes in the faunal composition caused by industrial contamination (e.g. the Sandoz accident). Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(4): 2502-2506. [2-H,1-O,E,F,X].

Martin, P.; Giani, N. 1995. Two new species of Epirodrilus (Oligochaeta, Tubificidae) from Lake Nyasa and Tanganyika (East Africa), with redescriptions of E. slovenicus and E. michaelseni. Zoologica Scripta. 24(1): 13-19. [2,3,D,E,F,R,TMS].

Matthaei, C. D.; Uehlinger, U.; Meyer, E. I.; Frutiger, A. 1996. Recolonization by benthic invertebrates after experimental disturbance in a Swiss prealpine river. Freshwater Biology. 35(2): 233-248. [xO,2,E,F,M].

Mattson, R. A.; Epler, J. H.; Hein, M. K. 1995. Description of benthic communities in karst, spring-fed streams of north central Florida. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society. 68(2): 18-41. [2,E,F,M].

Milan, D. J. 1994. Preliminary results of a nitrogen freeze-coring methodology for determining the vertical distribution of benthic invertebrates from the lowland River Babingley, UK. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1406-1409. [1,E,F,M].

Minshall, G. W.; Robinson C. T.; Royer, T. V.; Rushforth, S. R. 1995. Benthic community structure in two adjacent streams in Yellowstone National Park five years after the 1988 wildfires. The Great Basin Naturalist. 55(3): 193-200.

Morgan, M. D.; Lynch, L.; Diegmann, M.; Spratt, H., Jr. 1994. Hydrologic control of sulfur biogeochemistry in an acidic freshwater wetland. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1311-1314. [xO,M].

Nalesso, R. C.; Duarte, L. F. L.; Pierozzi, I.; Enumo, E. F. 1995. Tube epifauna of the polychaete Phyllochaetopterus socialis Claparède. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science. 41(1): 91-100. [2,E,F].*

Nelson, S. M.; Campbell, S. G. 1995. Integrated assessment of metals contamination in a lotic system using water chemistry, transplanted bryophytes, and macroinvertebrates. Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 10(4): 409-420. [M].

Nielsen, A. M.; Eriksen, N. T.; Iversen, J. J. L.; Riisgard, H. U. 1995. Feeding, growth and respiration in the polychaetes Nereis diversicolor (facultative filter-feeder) and N. virens (omnivorous) - A comparative study. Marine Ecology - Progress Series. 125(1-3): 149-158. [2,E,F,M,Ph,TMS].*

Ohtaka, A. 1995. A new species of the genus Rhyacodrilus Bretscher (Oligochaeta, Tubificidae) from Japanese lakes. Zoological Science. 12(4): 491-498. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].*

Olofsson, E.; Melin, E.; Degerman, E. 1995. The decline of fauna small streams in the Swedish mountain range. Water, Air and Soil Pollution. 85(2): 419-424. [1,E,F,X].

Olson, E. J.; Engstrom, E. S.; Doeringsfeld, M. R.; Bellig, R. 1995. Abundance and distribution of macroinvertebrates in relation to macrophyte communities in a prairie marsh, Swan Lake, Minnesota. Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 10(4): 325-335. [1,E,F,M].

Palau, A.; Rivero, C. 1994. Effects of hypolimnetic discharge on some physico-chemical and biological characteristics of a river below a reservoir. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1751-1755. [1,E,F].

Parish, T.; Bass, J.; Sparks, T. 1995. The contrasting invertebrate fauna of freshwater habitats in the Swavesey fens of East Anglia. Freshwater Forum (Freshwater Biological Association). 5(3): 163-177. [1,E,F].

Penttinen, O. P.; Kukkonen, J.; Pellinen, J. 1996. Preliminary study to compare body residues and sublethal energetic responses in benthic invertebrates exposed to sediment-bound 2,4,5-Trichlorophenol. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 15(2): 160-166. [2,E,M,Ph,X].

Quinn, J. M.; Hickey, C. W.; Linklater, W. 1996. Hydraulic influences on periphyton and benthic macroinvertebrates: simulating the effects of upstream bed roughness. Freshwater Biology. 35(2): 301-309. [xO,E,F,M].

Ratsirarson, J.; Silander, J. A., Jr. 1996. Structure and dynamics in Nepenthes madagascariensis pitcher plant micro-communities. Biotropica. 28(2): 218-227. [xO,E,F,Ph].

Reible, D. D.; Popov, V.; Valsaraj, K. T.; Thibodeaux, L. J.; Lin, F.; Dikshit, M.; Todaro, M. A.; Fleeger, J. W. 1995. Contaminant fluxes from sediment due to tubificid oligochaete bioturbation. Water Research. 30(3): 704-714. [2,E,F,Ph,X].*

Reynolds, J. D.; Cooke, D.; Simon, N.; Allott, N.; Brennan, M. 1994. Macroinvertebrate communities of poorly buffered afforested and non-afforested streams in western Ireland. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1496-1501. [1,E,F].

Reynolds, J. W. 1995. The distribution of earthworms (Annelida, Oligochaeta) in North America. Pp. 133-153, In: Mishra, P. C.; Behera, N.; Senapati, B. K.; Guru, B. C. (eds.) Advances in Ecology and Environmental Sciences. [2,E,F].

Reynolds, J. W. 1995. The distribution of earthworms (Annelida, Oligochaeta) in North America. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management. 11: 133-153. [2,E,F].*

Rice, C. A.; Plesha, P. D.; Casillas, E.; Misitano, D. A.; Meador, J. P. 1995. Growth and survival of three marine invertebrate species in sediments from the Hudson-Raritan estuary, New York. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 14(11): 1931-1940. [2,E,F,M,Ph,X].

Richmond, C. E.; Woodin, S. A. 1996. Short-term fluctuations in salinity: Effects on planktonic invertebrate larvae. Marine Ecology - Progress Series. 133(1-3): 167-177.*

Rieradevall, M.; Cambra, J. 1994. Urban freshwater ecosystems in Barcelona. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1369-1372. [1,E,F].

Rodrigues Capítulo, A.; España; Ibáñez, C.; Prat, N. 1994. Limnology of natural wells in the Ebro Delta (NE Spain). Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1430-1433. [1,E,F].

Rodriguez, P.; Coates, K. A. 1996. A new American Stylodrilus species (Lumbriculidae, Oligochaeta). Canadian Journal of Zoology. 74(1): 92-96. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Rørslett, B. 1996. Modelling of underwater light in freshwater lakes using survival and failure time analysis. Freshwater Biology. 35(1): 11-24. [E,M].

Rota, E. 1995. Italian Enchytraeidae. Bollettino di Zoologia. 62(2): 183-231. [2,E,F,TMS].*

Rota, E.; Erséus, C.; 1996. Six new species of Grania (Oligochaeta, Enchytraeidae) from the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Antarctic Science. 8(2): 169-183. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Rouabahsadaoui, L.; Marcel, R. 1995. Analysis of proteinic nutrients in clitellum and cocoon's albumen in Eisenia fetida Sav. (Annelida Oligochaeta). Evidence for a vitellogenin-like glycolipoprotein. Reproduction Nutrition Development. 35(5): 491-501.*

Rouabahsadaoui, L.; Marcel, R. 1995. Glucids and lipids of clitellum and cocoon's albumen in Eisenia fetida Sav. (Annelida Oligochaeta). Reproduction Nutrition Development. 35(5): 537-548.*

Salenave, R. M.; Barton, D. R. 1990. The distribution of benthic invertebrates along a natural turbidity gradient in Lake Temiskaming, Ontario-Quebec. Hydrobiologia. 206(3): 225-234. [2,E,F,Ph].

Särkkä, J. 1995. Profundal meiofauna in two large lakes: influence of pollution and bathyetric differences. Arch. für Hydrobiologie 132(4): 453-493.*

Schloesser, D. W.; Reynoldson, T. B.; Manny, B. A. 1995. Oligochaete fauna of western Lake Erie 1961 and 1982: Signs of sediment quality recovery. Journal of Great Lakes Research. 21(3): 294-306. [2,E,F].*

Schmid-Araya, J. M. 1994. Spatial and temporal distribution of micro-meiofaunal groups in an alpine gravel stream. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1649-1655. [1,E,F,M].

Schneider, D. W.; Frost, T. M. 1996. Habitat duration and community structure in temporary ponds. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 15(1): 64-86. [1-H,E,F,M].

Schneider, J.; Morin, A.; Pick, F. R. 1995. The response of biota in experimental stream channels to a 24-hour exposure to the herbicide Velpar L. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 14(9): 1607-1613. [1,E,M,Ph,X].

Schonborn, W. 1995. Defensive reactions of stream ecosystems in the early stages of pollution, ecological importance and possibilities of ecosystem-adequate restoration methods. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie. 8(4): 655-666.

Shaw, J. L.; Manning, J. P. 1996. Evaluating macroinvertebrate population and community level effects in outdoor microcosms: Use of in situ bioassays and multivariate analysis. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 15(5): 608-617.*

Siddall, M. E.; Burreson, E. M. 1995. Phylogeny of the Euhirudinea: independent evolution of blood feeding by leeches? Canadian Journal of Zoology. 73: 1048-1064. [2,3,E,M,Ph,TMS].

Skalski, J. R. 1996. Regression of abundance estimates from mark-recapture surveys against environmental covariates. Canadian J. Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 53(1): 196-204. [M].

Smit, H.; van Heel, H. C. R.-D.; Wiersma, S. M. 1994. Macrozoobenthic densities, biomasses and species composition in relation to environmental parameters in the Lower Rhine-Meuse (The Netherlands). [abstract]. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1561. [2,E,F].

Snimshchikova, L. N.; Akinshina, T. V. 1995. Isochaetides resorptus sp. n. (Oligochaeta, Tubificidae). Hydrobiological Journal. 31(7): 104-107. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Solomon, K. R.; Baker, D. B.; Richards, R. P.; Dixon, K. R.; Klaine, S. J.; La Point, T. W.; Kendall, R.J.; Weisskopf, C.P.; Giddings, J.M.; Giesy, J.P.; Hall, L.W., Jr.; Williams, W.M. 1996. Ecological risk assessment of atrazine in North American surface waters. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 15(1): 31-76.

Strayer, D. L. 1994. Body size and abundance of benthic animals in Mirror Lake, New Hampshire. Freshwater Biology. 32(1): 83-90. [2-A,2-O,E,F,Ph,TMS].

Strayer, D. L. 1994. Limits to biological distributions in groundwater. Pp. 287-310, In: J. Gilbert, D. Danielopol, and J. Stanford, eds. Groundwater Ecology. Academic Press, Inc.

Strayer, D. L.; May, S. E.; Nielsen, P.; Wollheim, W.; Hausam, S. 1995. An endemic groundwater fauna in unglaciated eastern North America. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 73: 502-508. [2,E,F,F,M,Ph,TMS].

Takada, K.; Kato, K. K.; Okino, T. 1994. Image analysis of feeding activity of aquatic oligochaetes using fluorescent latex beads. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25: 2336-2340. [2,E,F,M,Ph].

Tank, J. L.; Winterbourn, M. J. 1995. Biofilm development and invertebrate colonization of wood in four New Zealand streams of contrasting pH. Freshwater Biology. 34(1): 303-315. [2,E,F].

Timm, T. 1995. Aquatic Oligochaeta from the farthest southeast of Russia IV. Lumbriculidae. Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Biol. 44(3/4): 78-91. [2,3,D,E,F,TMS].

Turnbull, D. E.; Drewes, C. D. Touch sensitivity in oligochaete giant fibers is transiently enhanced by a single spike. Canadian Journal of Zoology - Revue Canadienne de Zoologie. 74(5): 841-844. [2,Ph,TMS].*

Van Der Molen, D. T.; Boers, P. C. M. 1996. Changes in phosphorus and nitrogen cycling following food web manipulations in a shallow Dutch lake. Freshwater Biology. 35(1): 189-202. [1,E,F,Ph].

Webb, D. W.; Wetzel, M. J.; Reed, P. C.; Phillippe, L. R.; Harris, M. A. 1995. Aquatic biodiversity in Illinois springs. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society. 68(2)suppl.: 93-107. [1-B,1-H,2-O,E,F,M].

Whiteman, F. W.; Ankley, G. T.; Kahl, M. D.; Rau, D. M.; Balcer, M. D. 1996. Evaluation of interstitial water as a route of exposure for ammonia in sediment tests with benthic macroinvertebrates. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 15: 794-801.*

Whitman, R. L.; Andrzejewski, M. C.; Kennedy, K. J.; Sobat, T. A. 1994. Composition, spacial-temporal distribution and environmental factors influencing the interstitial beach meiofauna of southern Lake Michigan. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1389-1397. [1,E,F].

Wollheim, W. M.; Lovvorn, J. R. 1995. Salinity effects on macroinvertebrate assemblages and waterbird food webs in shallow lakes of the Wyoming High Plains. Hydrobiologia. 310(3): 207-223. [1,E,F,M].

Wolz, E. R.; Shiozawa, D. K. 1995. Soft sediment benthic macroinvertebrate communities of the Green River at the Ouray National Wildlife Refuge, Uintah County, Utah. Great Basin Naturalist. 55(3): 213-224. [1,E,F].

Wright, J. F.; Blackburn, J. H.; Clarke, R. T.; Furse, M. T. 1994. Macroinvertebrate-habitat associations in lowland rivers and their relevance to conservation. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1515-1518. [1,E,M].

Yozzo, D. J.; Smith, D. E. 1995. Seasonality, abundance, and microhabitat distribution of meiofauna from a Chickahominy River, Virginia tidal freshwater marsh. Hydrobiologia. 310(3): 197-206. [1-O,2-P,E,F].

Yule, K. M. 1996. Trophic relationships and food webs of the benthic invertebrate fauna of two aseasonal tropical streams on Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea. Journal of Tropical Ecology. 12(4): 517-534. [2,E,F].


POLYCHAETA

Arias, A. M.; Drake, P. 1995. Distribution and production of the polychaete Nereis diversicolor in a shallow coastal lagoon in the Bay of Cadiz (SW Spain). Cahiers de Biologie Marine. 36(3): 201-210.

Bartolomaeus, T. 1995. Structure and formation of the unicini in Pectinaria koreni, Pectinaria auricoma (Terebellida) and Spirorbis spirorbis (Sabellida): Implications for annelid phylogeny and the position of the Pogonophora. Zoomorphology. 115(3): 161-177.

Batten, S. D.; Bamber, R. N. 1996. The effects of acidified seawater on the polychaete Nereis virens Sars, 1835. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 32(3): 283-287.

Bick, A. 1996. Reproduction and larval development of Manayunkia aestuarina (Bourne, 1883) (Polychaeta, Sabellidae) in a coastal region of the southern Baltic. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen. 50(2): 287-298.

Boilly, B.; Boillymarer, Y. 1995. Control of regeneration in Annelids: Example of Nereids (Annelida Polychaeta). Marine Biology. 16(3): 91-96. [2,E,F,Ph,TMS].*

Callsen-Cencic, P.; Flčgel, H. J. 1995. Larval development and the formation of the gut of Siboglinum poseidoni Flügel & Langhof (Pogonophora, Perviata). Evidence of protostomian affinity. Sarsia. 80(2): 73-89. [2,D,E,F,Ph,TMS].

Cosson, R. P. 1996. Bioaccumulation of mineral elements within the vestimentiferan tube worm Riftia pachyptila (Jones): A review. Oceanologica Acta. 19(2): 163-176.*

Diaz, R. J.; Rosenberg, R. 1995. Marine benthic hypoxia: A review of its ecological effects and the behavioural responses of benthic macrofauna. Pp. 245-303, In: A. D. Ansell, R. N. Gibson, and M. Barnes, eds. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, Volume 33. UCL Press Limited, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT. ISBN: 1-85728-363-5 HB. [2,E,F,M,Ph,X].

Hensley, R. T. 1996. A preliminary survey of benthos from the Nephrops norvegicus mud grounds in the North-western Irish Sea. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science. 42(4): 457-465.

Hutchinson, T. H.; Jha, A. N.; Dixon, D. R. 1995. The polychaete Platynereis dumerilii (Audouin and Milne-Edwards): A new species for assessing the hazardous potential of chemicals in the marine environment. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 31(3): 271-281. [2,E,M,Ph,X].*

Kikuchi, E.; Wada, E. 1996. Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios of deposit-feeding polychaetes in the Nanakita River Estuary, Japan. Hydrobiologia. 321(1): 69-75.

Klitgaard, A. B. 1995. The fauna associated with outer shelf and upper slope sponges (Porifera, Demospongiae) at the Faroe Islands, Northeastern Atlantic. Sarsia. 80(1): 1-22. [2,D,E,F,M,Ph,TMS].

Kristensen, R. M.; Eibyejacobsen, D. 1995. Ultrastructure of spermiogenesis and spermatozoa in Diurodrilus subterraneus (Polychaeta, Diurodrilidae). Zoomorphology. 115(2): 117-132. [2,C,E,F,M,TMS].*

Lindsay, S. M.; Woodin, S. A. 1995. Tissue loss induces switching of feeding mode in spionid polychaetes. Marine Ecology - Progress Series. 125(1-3): 159-169.

Nalesso, R. C.; Duarte, L. F. L.; Pierozzi, I.; Enumo, E. F. 1995. Tube epifauna of the polychaete Phyllochaetopterus socialis Claparede. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science. 41(1): 91-100. [2,S,F].*

Nielsen, A. M.; Eriksen, N. T.; Iversen, J. J. L.; Riisgard, H. U. 1995. Feeding, growth and respiration in the polychaetes Nereis diversicolor (facultative filter-feeder) and N. virens (omnivorous) - A comparative study. Marine Ecology - Progress Series. 125(1-3): 149-158. [2,E,F,M,Ph,TMS].*

Orrhage, L. 1996. On the microanatomy of the brain and the innervation and homologues of the cephalic appendages of Hesionidae and Syllidae (Polychaeta). Acta Zoologica. 77(2): 137-151.

Pleijel, F.; Eide, R. 1996. The phylogeny of Ophryotrocha (Dorvilleidae: Eunicida: Polychaeta). Journal of Natural History. 30(5): 647-659.

Premoli, M. C.; Sella, G. 1995. Sex economy in benthic polychaetes. Ethology, Ecology and Evolution. 7: 27-48. [2,E,Ph,TMS].

Salazarvallejo, S. I. 1996. Phyllodocids (Polychaeta: Phyllodocidae) from the Mexican Caribbean with identification keys for the Great Caribbean species. Revista de Biologia Tropical. 44(1): 107-122.*

Uttal, L.; Buck, K.R. 1996. Dietary study of the midwater polychaete Poeobius meseres in Monterey Bay, California. Marine Biology. 125(2): 333-343.

Volkel, S.; Hauschild, K.; Grieshaber, M. K. 1995. Sulfide stress and tolerance in the lugworm Arenicola marina during low tide. Marine Ecology - Progress Series. 122(1-3): 205-215.*

Wattezcombaz, A. 1995. Involvement of the ventral nerve cord in determination of dorsoventral polarity during caudal regeneration in the Polychaete Annelid Nereis pelagica. Annales Des Sciences Naturelles - Zoologie et Biologie Animale. 16(3): 97-103.*

Yozzo, D. J.; Smith, D. E. 1995. Seasonality, abundance, and microhabitat distribution of meiofauna from a Chickahominy River, Virginia tidal freshwater marsh. Hydrobiologia. 310(3): 197-206. [1-O,2-P,E,F].

Zajac, R. N. 1995. Sublethal predation on Polydora cornuta (Polychaeta: Spionidae): Patterns of tissue loss in a field population, predator functional response and potential demographic impacts. Marine Biology. 123(3): 531-541.*

Zebe, E.; Schiedek, D. 1996. The lugworm Arenicola marina : A model of physiological adaptation to life in intertidal sediments. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen. 50(1): 37-68.*

Zettler, M. L.; Bick, A. 1996. The analysis of small- and mesoscale dispersion patterns of Marenzelleria viridis (Polychaeta: Spionidae) in a coastal water area of the southern Baltic. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen. 50(2): 265-286.


ANNELIDA - HIRUDINEA

PLEASE NOTE: The following section on Hirudinea was compiled by Dr. Donald J. Klemm, Research Aquatic Biologist, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, NERL, EERD, Ecosystems Research Branch (MS-642), 26 W. Martin Luther King Drive, Cincinnati, OH 45268-0001 USA; Phone: (513) 569-7090; FAX: (513) 569-7609; E-mail address: klemm.donald[AT]epa.gov


Areas of leech studies are both aquatic and terrestrial, and covered in the bibliography are bioassessment, ecology, embryology, environmental and industrial toxicology, medicine, morphology, parasitology, physiology, systematics, and taxonomy. The leech bibliography is intended to help keep students and biologists current with the leech literature. It is also provided to assist the user in selecting information from the literature to help in evaluating data collected during studies of water quality, and of the effects of toxic substances and other pollutants on the ecological integrity and health of indigenous communities of macroinvertebrates, including the leeches. Researchers should send reprints of their papers to Don and to Mark to ensure that they are included accurately in future bibliographies. The reprints are greatly appreciated.

Aisemberg, G.O.; Wong, V.Y.; Macagno, E.R. 1995. Genesis of segmental identity in the leech nervous system. In: Breidbach, O. and W. Kutsch (eds.). Experientia Supplementum (Basel), 72. The nervous systems of invertebrates: an evolutionary and comparative approach. Birkhaeuser Verlag: Basel, Switzerland, New York. 454 pp.

Allen, R.S.; Hartlely, M.; Heinemann, S.F. 1995. Identification and molecular cloning of a family of nictinic acetylcholine receptor genes from the leech. Soc. Neurosci. Abstracts (13): 833.

Al-Safadi, M.M. 1995. A pilot study of lake Ma'rib, Yeman. Hydrobiologia 315(3): 203-209.

Ascenzi, P.; Amiconi, G.; Bode, W.; Bolognesi, M.; Coletta, M.; Menegatti, E. 1995. Proteinase inhibitors from the European medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis: structural, functional, and biomedical aspects. Molecular Aspects Medicine 16(3): 215-313.

Auerswald, E.A.; Tanaka, A.S.; Morenweiser, R.; Sommerhoff, C.P.; Fritz, H. 1995. Novel inhibitory function of leech derived tryptase inhibitor. Biol. Chem. Hoppe-Seyler 376 (Spec.Suppl.): S81.

Baader, A.P.; Kristan, W.B., Jr. 1995. Parallel pathways coordinate crawling in the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis. J. Comp. Physiol. A Sensory Neural Behavioral Physiol. 176(6): 715-726.

Bailey, R.C.; Day, K.E.; Norris, R.H.; Reynoldson, T.B. 1995. Macroinvertebrate community structure and sediment bioassay results from nearshore areas of North American Great Lakes. J. Great Lakes Res. 21(1): 42-52.

Bakanov, A.I. 1994. On the appearance of Archaeobdella esmonti (Arhynchobdellea, Herpobdellidae) in Volga Reservoirs. Hydrobiol. J. 30(2): 43-45.

Baskova, I.P.; Aguejouf, O.M.; Azougagh-Oualanae, F.; Zavalova, L.L.; Basanaova, A.V.; Doutaremepuich, C. 1995. Arterial antithromotic effect of piyavit, the novel pharmacological preparation from the medicinal leech, and of its components, prostanoids, and aenzyme destabilase. Thrombosis Res. 77(6): 483-492.

Becker,T.; Berlinr, A.J.; Nitabach, M.N.; Gan,W-B., Macagno, E.R. 1995. Target-induced neurogenesis in the leech CNS involves efferent projections to the target. Development (Cambridge) 121(2): 359-369.

Biernacka, B.; Davies, R.W. 1994. The effects of temperature and feeding regime on hermaphroditism and gametogenesis of Nephelopsis obscura, a freshwater predatory leech. Canadian J. Zool. 72(9): 1639-1642.

Biernacka, B.; Davies, R.W. 1995. Is a visible clitellum an index of sexual maturity in erpobdellid leeches? Invertebr. Reprod. Develop. 28(2): 97-101.

Blackshaw, S.E.; Nicholls, J.G. 1995. Neurobiology and development of the leech. J. Neurobiol. 27(3): 267-276.

Brinkhurst, R.O. 1994. Evolutionary relationships with the Clitellata: an update. Medadrilogica 5(10): 109-112.

Brodfuehrer, P.D.; Burns, A. 1995. Neuronal factors influencing the decision to swim in the medicinal leech. Neurobiol. Learning Memory 63(2): 192-199.

Brodfuehrer, P.D.; Debski, E.A.; O'Gara, B.A.; Friesen, W.O. 1995. Neuronal control of leech swimming. J. Neurobiol. 27(3): 403-418.

Brunelli, M.; Scuri, R.; Mozzachiodi, R.; Zaccardi, M.O.; Lazzerini, M. 1995. Modulation of a Na+-K+ electrogenic pump as new molecular mechanism underlying non-associative learning processes in invertebrates. Soc. Neurosci. Abstracts 21(1-3): 1267.

Briggs, K.K.; Silvers, A.J.; Johansen, K.M.; Johansen, J. 1995. Calsensin: a novel calcium-binding protein expressed in a single axon tract. J. Cell Biol. 129(3): 1355-1362.

Brodfuehrer, P.D.; Burns, A. 1995. Neuronal factors influencing the decision to swim in the medicinal leech. Neurobiol. Learning Memory 63(2): 192-199.

Burreson, E.M. 1995. Phylum Annelida: Hirudinea as vectors and disease agents. In: Woo, P.T.K. (ed.). Fish diseases and disorders, Vol. 1. Protozoan and metazoan infections. CAAB International: Wallingford, England, UK; Tucson, AZ. 808 pp.

Buchmann, K.; Uldal, A.; Lyholt, H.C.K. 1995. A checklist of metazoan parasites from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Acta Vet. Scand. 36(3): 299-318.

Cacciatore, T.W.; Baader A.; Kristan, W.B., Jr. 1995. A neural model of the leech crawling circuit. Soc. Neurosci. Abstracts 21(1-3): 425.

Calabrese, B.; Pellegrino, M. 1995. Remodelling of an intact neurone in the central nervous system of the leech. J. Experimental Biol. 198(9): 1989-1994.

Calabrese, R.L.; Nadim, F.; Olsen, O.H. 1995. Heartbeat control in the medicinal leech: a model system for understanding the origin, coordination, and modulation of rhythmic motor patterns. J. Neurobiol. 27(3): 390-402.

Carlton, T.; McVean, A. 1995. The role of touch, pressure and nociceptive mechanoreceptors of the leech in unrestrained behavior. J. Comp. Physiol. A Sen. Neural Behavior. Physiol. 177(6): 781-791.

Catarsi, S.; Ching, S.; Merz, D.C.; Drapeau, P. 1995. Tyrosine phosphorylation during synapse formation between identified leech neurons. J. Physiol. (Cambridge) 485(3): 775-786.

Cerfolli, E.; Rossi, L. 1995. Numerical variation in three coexisting macrodetritivoue species (Proasellus coxalis, Planorbarius corneus and Bithynia tentaculalta) under different levels of vertical forces in aquatic microcosms. Hydrobiologia 302(2): 103-112.

Chang, N-S. 1995. Fine structure of epithelial tissue in Korean leech, Erpobdella lineata. J. Zool. 38(1): 115-124. [In Korean].

Connolly, T.M.; Karczewski, J.; Condra, C.; Singh, S.B.; Goetz, M.; Friedman, P.A.; Shafer, J.; Gould, R.J. 1995. The leech Hirudo medicinalis produces a prostaglandin which selectively inhibits platelet activation mediated by the thrombin receptor. Soc. Hematol. Blood 86(10 Suppl. 1) Abstracts: 547.

Csanyi, B. 1995. Adaptation of a British evaluation system of water quality assessment to Hungarian running waters based on aquatic macroinvertebrate fauna. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 76(3 Suppl.) Abstracts: 316.

Deckmyn, H.; Stassen, J.M.; Vreys, I.; Van Houtte, E.; Sawyer, R.T.; Vermyln, J. 1995. Calin from Hirudo medicinalis, an inhibitor of platelet adhesion to collagen, prevents platelet-rich thrombosis in hamsters. Blood 85(3): 712-719.

De Filippis, V.; Vindigni, A.; Atlichieri, L.; fontana, A. 1995. Core domain of Hirudin from the leech Hirudinaria manillensis: Chemical synthesis, purification, and characterization of a Trp-3 analog of fragment 1-47. Biochem. 34(29): 9552-9564.

Dekleva, M.N.; Beleslin, B.B. 1995. Neurotoxic action of some antiarrhythmic agents: comparative effects of propafenone, lidocaine, and amiodarone on leech Retzius nerve cell. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. C Pharmacol. Toxicol. Endocrinol. 110(2): 265-169.

Deitmer, J.W.; Schneider, H-P. 1995. Voltage-dependent clamp of intracellular pH of identified leech glial cells. J. Physiol. (Cambridge) 485(1): 157-166.

Dobrowolski, Z. 1995. Occurrence of macrobenthos in different littoral habitats of the polymictic Lebsko Lake. Ekologia Polska 42(1-2): 19-40.

Eberhardt, R.T.; Riggs, M. 1995. Effects of sex and reproductive status on the diets of breeding ring-necked ducks (Aythya collaris) in north-central Minnesota. Can. J. Zool. 73(2): 392-399.

Eisenhart, F.J.; Cacciatore, T.W.; Kristan, W.J., Jr.; Wessel, R.F. 1995. Crawling in the medicinal leech is produced by a central pattern generator. Soc. Neurosci. Abstracts 21(1- 3): 149.

Elsas, S.M.; Kwak, E.M.; Stent, G.S. 1995. Acetylcholine-induced retraction of an identified axon in the developing leech embryo. J. Neurosci. 15(2): 1419-1436.

Fernandez-De-Miguel, F.; Drapeau, P. 1995. Synapse formation and function: insights from identified leech neurons in culture. J. Neurobiol. 27(3): 367-379.

Fernandez, J.; Olea, N. 1995. Formation of the female pronucleus and reorganization and disassembly of the first interphase cytoskeleton in the egg of the glossiphoniid leech Theromyzon rude. Develop. Biol. 171(2): 541-553.

Ferretti, M.E.; Pareschi, M.C.; Buzzi, M.; Biondi, C. 1995. Adenylate cyclase activity from Hirudo medicinalis segmental ganglia: modulation by calcium and calmodulin. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A Comp. Physiol. 110(1): 79-86.

French, K.A.; Murphy, J.A.; Kristan, W.B., Jr. 1995. Cellular properties of leech Retzius neurons co-cultured with various target tissues. Soc. Neurosci. Abstracts 21(1-3): 1039.

Gilchrist, L.A.; Klukas, K.A.; Mesce, K.A. 1995. Coactivation of octopamine and serotonin interneurons in the medicinal leech. Soc. Neurosci. Abstracts 21(1-3): 631.

Gilchrist, L.S.; Klukas, K.A.; Jellies, J.; Rapus, J.; Eckert, M.; Mesce, K.A. 1995. Distribution and developmental expression of octopamine-immunoreactive neurons in the central nervous system of the leech. J. Comp. Neurol. 353(3): 451-463.

Grantham, B.A.; Hann, B.J. 1994. Leeches (Annelida: Hirudinea) in the experimental lakes area, northwestern Ontario, Canada: patterns of species composition in relation to environment. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 51(7): 1600-1607.

Groome, J.R.; Vaughan, D.K.; Lent, C.M. 1995. Ingestive sensory inputs excite serotonin effector neurones and promote serotonin depletion from the leech central nervous system and periphery. J. Experimental Biol. 198(6): 1233-1242.

Gullo, B.S. 1995. Microanatomy of the male gonads and ducts of Helobdella triserialis (Hirudinea: Glossiphoniidae). Neotropica (La Plata) 41(105-106): 67-75. In Spanish.

Hamana, K.; Hamana, H.; Shinozawa, T. 1995. Alterations in polyamine levels of nematode, earthworm, leech, and planarian during regeneration, temperature, and osmotic stresses. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B Comp. Biochem. Molecular Biol. 111(1): 91-97.

Hailemariam, B. 1995. Post menopausal vaginal bleeding due to vaginal wall leech infestation. J. Ethiopian Med. 33(3): 183-185.

Hassain, N.A. 1995. Fish and fish-leeches on rocky shores around Britain. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc., U.K. 75(2): 311-322.

Harsfalvi, J.; Stassen, J.M.; Hoylaerts, M.F.; Van Houtte, E.; Sawyer, R.T.; Vemylen, J.; Deckmyn, H. 1995. Calin from Hirudo medicinalis, an inhibitor of von Willebrand factor binding to collagen under static and flow conditions. Blood 85(3): 705-711.

Haycox, C.L.; Odland, P.B.; Coltrera, M.D.; Raugi, G.J. 1995. Indications and complications of medicinal leech therapy. J. Amer. Acad. Dermatol. 33(6): 1053-1055.

Hochstrate, P.; Piel, C.; Schlue, W-R. 1995. Effect of extracellular K+ on the intracellular free Ca-2+ concentration in leech glial cells and Retzius neurons. Brain Res. 696(1-2): 231-241.

Hocker, C.G.; Friesen, W.O. 1995. Intersegmental tract tracing in the adult medicinal leech. Soc. Neurosci. Abstracts 21(1- 3): 151.

Hoekstra, J.A.; Vaal, M.A.; Notenboom, J.; Slooff, W. 1994. Variation in the sensitivity of aquatic species to toxicants. Bull. Environ. Contaminat. Toxicol. 53(1): 98-105.

Hong, S.J.; Kim, D.R.; Yoon, I.J.; Kang, K.W. 1995. Fatty acid analysis from leech skin. J. Biochem. Molecular Biol. 28(3): 261-264.

Jellies, J.; Johansen, J. 1995. Multiple strategies for directed growth cone extension and navigation of peripheral neurons. J. Neurobiol. 27(3): 310-325.

Jellies, J.; Johansen, K.M.; Johansen, J. 1995. Peripheral neurons depend on CNS-derived guidance cues for proper navigation during leech development. Development Biol. 171(2): 471-482.

Jellies, J.; Kopp, D.M.; Johansen, K.M.; Johansen, J. 1995. Stereotyped axonal pathfinding in the medicinal leech involves multiple levels of central and peripheral cues and secondary morphogenetic strategies. Soc. Neurosci. Abstracts 21(1-3): 797.

Johansen, K.M.; Johansen, J. 1995. Filarin, a novel inverterate intermediate filament protein present in axons and perikarya of developing and mature leech neurons. J. Neurobiol. 27(2): 227-239.

Jung, H.I.; Kim, S.I.; Ha, K-S.; Joe, C.O.; Kang, K.W. 1995. Isolation and characterization of guamerin, a new human leukocyte elastase inhibitor from Hirudo nipponia. J. Biol. Chem. 270(23): 13879-13884.

Kalarani, V.; Davies, R.W. 1994. The bioenergetic costs of specific dynamic action and ammonia excretion in a freshwater predatory leech Nephelopsis obscura. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A Comp. Physiol. 108(4): 523-531.

Kalarani, V.; Reddy, D.C.; Habibi, H.R.; El-Shimy, N.; Davies, R.W. 1995. Occurrence and hormonal action of ecydsone on gametogenesis and energy utilization in the leech Nephelopsis obscura (Erpobdellidae). J. Experiment. Zool. 273(6): 511-518.

Kameneva, M.V.; Parfenov, A.S.; Chirkova, L.D.; Baskova, I.P. 1995. Piyavit: a complex preparation from the medicinal leech improves blood rheology and decreases platelet aggregation. Clinical Hemorheol. 15A(4): 633-640.

Khan, R.A.; Paul, A.J. 1995. Life cycle studies on arcto-boreal leeches (Hirudinea). J. Helminthol. Soc. Wash. 62(2): 105-110.

Kleinhaus, A.L.; Angstadt, J.D. 1995. Diversity and modulation of ionic conductances in leech neurons. J. Neurobiol. 27(3): 419-433.

Krieger, K.A.; Klarer, D. M. 1995. Temporal and spatial variation of aquatic invertebrate communities of a Great Lakes coastal wetland. Proc. of 38th Conference International Association Great Lakes Res., Internat. Assoc. Great Lakes Res., Ann Arbor, MI. 107 pp.

Kristan, W.B., Jr.; Lockery, S.R.; Lewis, J.E. 1995. Using reflexive behaviors of the medicinal leech to study information processing. J. Neurobiol. 27(3): 380-389.

Kristan, W.B., Jr.; Wilson, R.J.A.; Skierczynski, B.A.; Meyer, J.K.; Blackwood, S.; Skalak, R. 1995. A biomechanical model of the leech hydroskeleton that takes muscle activation and simulates crawling. Soc Neurosci. Abstracts 21(1-3): 421.

Kuperman, B.I.; Zhokhov, A.E.; Popova, L.B. 1994. Parasites of the mollusc Dreissena polymorpha in the Volga River basin. Parazitologiya (St. Petersburg) 28(5): 396-402. [In Russian].

Laurent, V.; Salzet, M. 1995. Isolation of a renin-like enzyme from the leech Theromyzon tessulatum. Peptides (Tarrytown) 16(8): 1351-1357.

Laurent, V.; Salzet, M. 1995. A comparison of the N-terminal sequence of the leech Theromyzon tessulatum angiotensin converting-like enzyme with forms of vertebrate angiotensin converting enzymes. Neursci. Letters 198(1): 60-64.

Laurent, V.; Salzet, M. 1995. Isolation of a neuropeptide-degrading endopeptidase from the leech Theromyzon tessulatum. European J. Biochem. 233(1): 186-191.

Laurent, V.; Bulet, P.; Salzet, M. 1995. A comparison of the leech, Theromyzon tessulatum angiotensin I-like molecule with forms of vertebrate angiotensinogens: a hormonal system conserved in the course of evolution. Neurosci. Letters 190(3): 175-178.

Leake, L.D.; Koubanakis, M. 1995. Central and peripheral 5-HT receptors in the leech (Hirudo medicinalis) redefined. Gen. Pharmacol. 26(8): 1709-1717.

Lessmann, V.; Dietzel, I.D. 1995. Enhancement of postsynaptic serotonin-activated Cl- currents by depolarization-induced Ca-2+ entry into leech neurons. Neurosci. 67(3): 525-529.

Lessmann, V.; Dietzel, I.D. 1995. Two kinetically distinct 5- hydroxytryptamine-activated Cl- conductances at Retzius P-cell synapses of the medicinal leech. J. Neurosci. 15(2): 1496-1505.

Lewis, J.E.; Kristan, W.B., Jr. 1995. Spatial coding of a mechanical stimulus by the leech local bend network: mapping stimulus location to behavioral output. Soc. Neurosci. Abstracts 21(3): 1276.

Liu, Y.; Stanley, E.F. 1995. Intracellular cadmium reduces paired-pulse facilitation at a synapse between identified leech neurons in culture. Soc. Neurosci. Abstracts 21(3): 1094.

Luebke, A.E.; Dickerson, I.M.; Muller, K.J. 1995. In situ hybridization reveals transient laminin B-chain expression by individual glial and muscle cells in embryonic leech central nervous system. J. Neurobiol. 17(1): 1-14.

Martin, A.J.; Seaby, R.M.H.; Young, J.O. 1994. The consequence of a food refuge collapse on a guild of lake-dwelling triclads and leeches. Hydrobiologia 277(3): 187-195.

Masuda-Nakagawa, L.M. 1995. The role of extracellular matrix molecules, glial cells, and microglia in regeneration of the leech CNS. In: Vernakakis, A. and B.I. Roots (ed.). Contemporary neuroscience: neuron-glia interrelations during phylogeny: II. plasticity and regeneration. Humana Press, Inc., Totowa, NJ. 515 pp

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Mehaffey, L, III; Gustafson, S.L. 1995. Voltage-sensitive channels in the salivary gland cells of the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis. Soc. Neurosci. Abstracts 21(1-3): 66.

Merz, D.D. 1995. Segmental specialization of calcium-activated potassium conductances in an identified leech neuron. 1995. J. Neurophysiol. (Bethesda) 73(3): 957-963.

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Moser, W.E. 1995. Placobdella parasitica (Rhynchobdellida: Glossiphoniidae) from the Eastern River cooter (Chelonia: Emydidae) in Oklahoma. Texas J. Sci. 47(1): 71-74.

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Moser, W.E.; Willis, M.S. 1994. Predation on gastropods by Placobdella spp. (Clitellata: Rhynchobdellida). Amer. Midl. Nat. 132(2): 399-400.

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Munsch, T.; Reusch, M.; Deitmer, J.W. 1995. Intracellular chloride activity of leech neurones and glial cells in physiologial, low chloride saline. J. Comp. Physiol. A Sensory Neural Behavioral Physiol. 176(2): 272-280.

Moustafa, A.S.M. 1994. Redescription of the American freshwater leech Helodella punctatolineata (Moore, 1939) (Hirudinea: Glossiphoniidae), new to Egypt. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Zoologie 80(1): 51-68.

Neely, M.D.; Macaluso, E.; Nicholls, J.G. 1995. Calcium-induced disruption of microfilaments in leech growth cones: gelsolin a possible mediator? Experientia (Basel) Abstracts 51: A42.

Nesemann, H. 1995. On the morphology and taxonomy of the Asian leeches (Hirudinea: Erpobdellidae: Salifidae). Acta Zool. Acad. Scient. Hungaricae 41(3): 165-183.

Neubert, E.; Nesemann, H. 1995. Contribution to the knowledge of the genus Dina Blanchard, 1892 (Hirudinea: Erpobdellidae). Hydrobiologia 315(2): 89-94.

Neubert, E.; Nesemann, H. 1995. A new species of Batracobdella (Hirudinea, Glossiphoniidae) from Turkey. Zool. Middle East 11: 109-111.

Nitabach, M.N.; Macagno, E.R. 1995. Cell- and tissue-specific expression of putative protein kinase mRNAs in the embryonic leech, Hirudo medicinalis. Cell Tissue Res. 280(3): 479-489.

Noda, N.; Tanaka, R.; Tsujino, K.; Miura, M.; Miyahara, L.; Hayakawa, J. 1995. Two amphoteric galactocerebrosides possessing in tri-unsaturated long-chain base from the leech (Hirudo nipponica). Chem. Pharmaceutical Bull. 43(4): 567- 570.

Opdyke, C.A.; Calabrese, R.L. 1995. Outward currents in heart motor neurons of the medicinal leech. J. Neurophysiol. (Bethesda) 74(6): 2524-2537.

Pentreath, V.W. 1995. Metabolic interactions between neurons and glial cells in leech and snail ganglia. In: Vernadakis, A. and Bi.I. Roots (ed.). Contemporary neuroscience: neuron- glia interrelations during phylogeny: II. plasticity and regeneration. Humana Press, Inc. Totowa, NJ. 515 pp.

Perruccio, L.; Kleinhaus, A.L. 1995. Central projections of lip chemosensory structures in hirudinid leeches visualized by carbocyanine dyes and laser confocal microscopy. Soc. Neurosci. Abstracts 21(1-3): 408.

Pojmanska, T. 1995. Seasonal dynamics of occurrence and reproduction of parasites in four cyprinid fish cultured in ponds: III. Digenea, Cestoda, Crustacea, and Hirudinea. Acta Parasitol. 40(3): 142-147.

Popp, A.; Hoagland, K.D. 1995. Changes in benthic community composition in response to reservoir aging. Hydrobiologia 306(2): 159-171.

Puky, M. 1994. Long-term changes in the distribution of leeches along the Danube in Hungary. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(3): 1695-1696. [H,E,F].

Poynton, S.L. 1993. Parasites of cold-water marine fishes. In: M.L. Stoskopf (ed.). Fish Medicine 40(4): 711-735.

Poynton, S.L.; Hoffman, G.L. 1993. Parasites of temperate freshwater game fishes, including estuarine bait fishes. In: M.K. Stoskopf (ed.). Fish Medicine 40(4): 300-308.

Ramirez, F-A.; Wedeen, C.J.; Stuart, D.K.; Lans, D.; Weisblat, D.A. 1995. Identification of a neurogenic sublineage required for CNS segmentation in an Annelid. Development (Cambridge) 121(1): 2091-2097.

Rizzoni, M.; Gustavino, B.; Ferrari, C.; Gatti, L.G.; Fano, E.A. 1995. An integrated approach to the assessment of the environmental quality of the Tiber River in the urban area of Rome: a mutagenesis assay (micronucleus test) and an analysis of macrobenthic community structure. Sci. Total Environ. 162(2-3): 127-137.

Rose, C.R.; Deitmer, J.W. 1995. Stimulus-evoked changes of extra- and intracellular pH in the leech central nervous system: I. bicarbonate dependence. J. Neurophysiol. (Bethesda) 73(1): 125-131.

Rose, C.R.; Deitmer, J.W. 1995. Stimulus-evoked changes of extra- and intracellular pH in the leech cental nervous system: II. mechanisms and maintenance of pH homeostasis. J. Neurophysiol. (Bethesda) 73(1): 132-140.

Rose, C.R.; Lohr, C.; Deitmer, J.W. 1995. Activity-induced Ca-2+ transients in nerve and glial cells in the leech CNS. Neuroreport 6(4): 642-644.

Sahley, C.L. 1995. What we have learned from the study of learning in the leech. J. Neurobiol. 27(3): 434-445.

Salzet, M.; Bulet, P.; Verger-Bocquet, M.; Malecha, J. 1995. Isolation and structural characterization of enkephalins in the brain of the rhynchobdellid leech, Theromyzon tessulatum. FEBS Letters 357(2): 187-191.

Salzet, M.; Bulet, P.; Wattez, C.; Verger-Bocquet, M.; Malecha, J. 1995. Structural characterization of a diuretic peptide from the central nervous system of the leech, Erpobdella octoculata: Angiotensin II amide. J. Biol. Chem. 270(4): 1575-1582.

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Särkkä, J. 1995. Profundal meiofauna in two large lakes: influence of pollution and bathyetric differences. Arch. für Hydrobiologie 132(4): 453-493.

Schmidt, J.; Gramoll, S.; Calabrese, R.L. 1995. Segment- specific effects of FMRFamide on membrane properties of heart interneurons in the leech. J. Neurophysiol. (Bethesda) 74(4): 1485-1497.

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Shankland, M. 1995. Formation and specification of neurons during the development of the leech central nervous system. J. Neurobiol. 27(3): 294-309.

Shaw, B.K.; Kristan, W.B., Jr. 1995. The circuit locus of the behavioral choice between swimming and shortening in the leech. Soc. Neurosci. Abstracts 21(1-3): 1765.

Shaw, B.K.; Kristan, W.B., Jr. 1995. The whole-body shortening reflex of the medicinal leech: motor pattern, sensory basis, and interneuronal pathways. J. Comp. Physiol. A Sensory Neural and Behavorial Physiol. 177(6): 667-681.

Siddall, M.E. 1995. Phylogeny of adeleid blood parasites with a partial systematic revision of the haemogregarine complex. J. Eukaryotic Microbiol. 42(2): 116-125.

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Szczupak, L.; Kristan, W.B., Jr. 1995. Widespread mechanosensory activation of the serotonergic system of the medicinal leech. J. Neurophysiol. (Bethesda) 74(6): 2614-2624.

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